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ZY-I 吸附剂

发布AG真人厅官网 2017-06-09
点(dian)击次数 194

产品说(shuo)明

该吸附剂的有效成(cheng)分(fen)为 90%左右。   

      

物(wu)理性质

外观:条形或球形   

颜色:白色    

强度(N/cm2):≥25    

粉化度(%):≤0.25    

堆密度(g/cm3):0.62-0.72

包装:编织(zhi)袋(dai)内衬塑料膜      

 

技术(shu)指标 

静态(tai)正(zheng)己(ji)烷吸(xi)附(fu)(wt%):≥7.5    

静态水吸附(wt%):<2    

再生(sheng)条(tiao)件:加(jia)热(re)吹扫或抽空    

      

特性与应用 

ZY-I 吸(xi)(xi)(xi)附剂(ji)的(de)有(you)(you)(you)效(xiao)成分(fen)为90%左右,与(yu) A、X、Y 型等分(fen)子筛吸(xi)(xi)(xi)附剂(ji)截(jie)然不同(tong)(tong)的(de)是此(ci)吸(xi)(xi)(xi)附剂(ji)具有(you)(you)(you)很强的(de)疏水(shui)(shui)亲油性,可(ke)(ke)从水(shui)(shui)溶液中或含大(da)量水(shui)(shui)汽的(de)混合气体(ti)(ti)中吸(xi)(xi)(xi)附、分(fen)离多种小(xiao)分(fen)子有(you)(you)(you)机物。ZY-I 吸(xi)(xi)(xi)附剂(ji)可(ke)(ke)用(yong)于(yu)工业(ye)废水(shui)(shui)或废气中除(chu)去(qu)、提取(qu)、富集及(ji)回(hui)收低浓度有(you)(you)(you)机物,例如回(hui)收含酮废水(shui)(shui)中的(de)微量丙(bing)酮;去(qu)除(chu)室内甲(jia)醛(quan)及(ji)其它对人体(ti)(ti)有(you)(you)(you)害的(de)有(you)(you)(you)机挥发(fa)物;替代传统蒸馏工艺,实现醇/水(shui)(shui)分(fen)离,适用(yong)于(yu)制(zhi)药行业(ye)废水(shui)(shui)中乙醇的(de)回(hui)收、啤酒(jiu)行业(ye)中无(wu)醇啤酒(jiu)的(de)开发(fa)等,在净化环境的(de)同(tong)(tong)时达(da)到变(bian)废为宝(bao)的(de)目的(de)。       

   

使用须知 

密(mi)封(feng)保存。

           

成功案例 

以(yi)该产品回收(shou)含酮(tong)废(fei)水(shui)(shui)中的(de)微量丙(bing)酮(tong)的(de)技(ji)术已(yi)成(cheng)功(gong)应用于上(shang)海(hai)高桥石油化(hua)工公(gong)司,废(fei)水(shui)(shui)中丙(bing)酮(tong)脱除(chu)率达到98%以(yi)上(shang),直接经济效益约60-65 万元。该技(ji)术弥补(bu)了当前普遍采用的(de)空气吹脱处(chu)理所造成(cheng)的(de)二(er)次污染,属国内首创。 


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据交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)商和(he)(he)分(fen)析(xi)师预计(ji),荷(he)兰(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)牌(pai)(pai)收(shou)(shou)(shou)购(gou)英(ying)国天(tian)然(ran)气集团(BG)的(de)(de)(de)并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)很可能是(shi)(shi)大(da)(da)型(xing)能源(yuan)(yuan)兼并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)收(shou)(shou)(shou)购(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)大(da)(da)潮的(de)(de)(de)开端(duan),大(da)(da)型(xing)油(you)(you)(you)(you)企(qi)通(tong)常都会(hui)在(zai)(zai)(zai)油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)低(di)迷时期(qi)以(yi)这种(zhong)方式来(lai)降低(di)生产和(he)(he)勘探(tan)成(cheng)本(ben)。历(li)史告诉我们,判(pan)断油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)是(shi)(shi)否(fou)触(chu)底(di)的(de)(de)(de)窍门之一(yi)是(shi)(shi)业(ye)(ye)内是(shi)(shi)否(fou)发(fa)生多宗(zong)高(gao)额并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)重组交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)。荷(he)兰(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)牌(pai)(pai)高(gao)达700亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)收(shou)(shou)(shou)购(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)令部分(fen)投资者猜测,上(shang)世(shi)(shi)纪90年(nian)(nian)代(dai)的(de)(de)(de)能源(yuan)(yuan)业(ye)(ye)大(da)(da)洗牌(pai)(pai)的(de)(de)(de)历(li)史将重演,当前(qian)油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)距离(li)底(di)部已经不远。在(zai)(zai)(zai)上(shang)世(shi)(shi)纪90年(nian)(nian)代(dai)晚期(qi),能源(yuan)(yuan)业(ye)(ye)多次(ci)发(fa)生大(da)(da)规(gui)模(mo)并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)重组交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)。英(ying)国石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)公(gong)司在(zai)(zai)(zai)1998年(nian)(nian)以(yi)560亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)收(shou)(shou)(shou)购(gou)了(le)美(mei)(mei)国石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)公(gong)司(Amoco),埃克(ke)森于同(tong)年(nian)(nian)12月(yue)(yue)出(chu)资800亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)。仅(jin)(jin)在(zai)(zai)(zai)数(shu)(shu)周(zhou)之后(hou),布伦特油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)就触(chu)底(di)跌(die)至每桶(tong)9.55美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)。此后(hou),油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)开始(shi)回升,能源(yuan)(yuan)行业(ye)(ye)还相继出(chu)现(xian)(xian)几宗(zong)大(da)(da)规(gui)模(mo)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)案(an)。和(he)(he)现(xian)(xian)在(zai)(zai)(zai)一(yi)样,当年(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)生产商也在(zai)(zai)(zai)为争夺市场份额而(er)激烈搏杀,低(di)效高(gao)成(cheng)本(ben)的(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)被迫(po)退(tui)出(chu)市场。国际油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)在(zai)(zai)(zai)14个月(yue)(yue)内暴(bao)跌(die)50%。弱肉强食的(de)(de)(de)局面如今再度出(chu)现(xian)(xian),美(mei)(mei)国钻机数(shu)(shu)量(liang)在(zai)(zai)(zai)短短四个月(yue)(yue)内几乎减(jian)少了(le)一(yi)半。荷(he)兰(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)牌(pai)(pai)周(zhou)三宣布以(yi)470亿(yi)英(ying)镑现(xian)(xian)金加(jia)股票(约(yue)和(he)(he)700亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan))收(shou)(shou)(shou)购(gou)英(ying)国天(tian)然(ran)气集团,成(cheng)为历(li)史上(shang)仅(jin)(jin)次(ci)于埃克(ke)森并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)的(de)(de)(de)能源(yuan)(yuan)行业(ye)(ye)并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)案(an)。通(tong)过这宗(zong)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi),壳(qiao)(qiao)(qiao)牌(pai)(pai)能够使公(gong)司石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)和(he)(he)天(tian)然(ran)气储(chu)备量(liang)增加(jia)28%,从而(er)节省通(tong)过勘探(tan)来(lai)提升储(chu)备的(de)(de)(de)资金。在(zai)(zai)(zai)此之前(qian),全球油(you)(you)(you)(you)田服务巨头哈里伯顿(Halliburton)以(yi)350亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)收(shou)(shou)(shou)购(gou)了(le)竞争对手贝(bei)克(ke)休斯(si)(Baker Hughes)。西班牙能源(yuan)(yuan)公(gong)司雷普索尔(Repsol of Spain)去年(nian)(nian)耗(hao)资83亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)收(shou)(shou)(shou)购(gou)了(le)加(jia)拿大(da)(da)能源(yuan)(yuan)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)加(jia)拿大(da)(da)塔里斯(si)曼能源(yuan)(yuan)(Talisman Energy of Canada)。当然(ran),并(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)(bing)非所有人都会(hui)认为油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)已徘徊在(zai)(zai)(zai)底(di)部。上(shang)世(shi)(shi)纪80年(nian)(nian)代(dai),杜邦(DuPont)买下了(le)康菲石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(Conoco),随后(hou)就发(fa)生了(le)1986年(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)大(da)(da)崩盘。
新兴(xing)需求烯烃(ting)装置年底(di)集中投产(chan)令甲(jia)醇(chun)(chun)期货(huo)一度(du)燃起上(shang)(shang)涨的(de)希(xi)望,怎奈生不(bu)(bu)逢时(shi),处(chu)在(zai)国(guo)际原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)断崖式下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)(die)的(de)背(bei)景(jing)下(xia)(xia)(xia),负(fu)面因(yin)素骤起不(bu)(bu)但(dan)(dan)淹没了此(ci)前的(de)看(kan)涨呼声,而且(qie)冲击(ji)了市(shi)场的(de)做多信(xin)心。自月底(di)以(yi)来(lai),甲(jia)醇(chun)(chun)期货(huo)转入(ru)快(kuai)速(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)探模式。截至(zhi)昨日收盘,1505合(he)约累(lei)计跌(die)(die)(die)幅(fu)已(yi)达18.54%,而1506合(he)约跌(die)(die)(die)幅(fu)也有(you)17.31%。尽管(guan)短期甲(jia)醇(chun)(chun)不(bu)(bu)断积聚超跌(die)(die)(die)反弹动力,但(dan)(dan)由于(yu)缺(que)(que)乏利(li)多支撑,预计跌(die)(die)(die)势(shi)尚未完(wan)结。  原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)失去最后(hou)一根救(jiu)命(ming)稻(dao)草(cao)  随着欧佩(pei)克组织在(zai)月底(di)宣布维持(chi)现(xian)(xian)有(you)产(chan)能不(bu)(bu)变后(hou),国(guo)际油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)失去了最后(hou)一根救(jiu)命(ming)稻(dao)草(cao),油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)企稳无望转而再度(du)暴跌(die)(die)(die)。而国(guo)际能源署(EIA)非但(dan)(dan)不(bu)(bu)“保驾勤王(wang)”,反而“落井下(xia)(xia)(xia)石”,导致油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)加(jia)速(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)(die)。  IEA在(zai)上(shang)(shang)周五公布的(de)月度(du)石油(you)(you)(you)(you)市(shi)场报(bao)告中指出,原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)可(ke)能面临进(jin)一步下(xia)(xia)(xia)行压(ya)(ya)力。其(qi)中,非欧佩(pei)克产(chan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)国(guo)的(de)石油(you)(you)(you)(you)供(gong)应增长会使全球油(you)(you)(you)(you)市(shi)供(gong)大(da)于(yu)求矛盾加(jia)剧,预计供(gong)应过剩量约为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)120万(wan)(wan)桶(tong)/天(tian)。而且(qie),IEA还将2015年全球石油(you)(you)(you)(you)日需求增量预期下(xia)(xia)(xia)调23万(wan)(wan)桶(tong),至(zhi)90万(wan)(wan)桶(tong)。这为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)近五个月来(lai)EIA第四(si)次下(xia)(xia)(xia)调2015年需求。  毋庸(yong)置疑,目(mu)前原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)供(gong)需失衡趋于(yu)恶(e)化已(yi)经(jing)成(cheng)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)引领油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)幅(fu)下(xia)(xia)(xia)挫(cuo)的(de)根本(ben)因(yin)素。而作为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)能源龙头,原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)重挫(cuo)间接(jie)对天(tian)然(ran)(ran)气价(jia)(jia)(jia)格产(chan)生巨(ju)大(da)压(ya)(ya)力,天(tian)然(ran)(ran)气价(jia)(jia)(jia)格跟跌(die)(die)(die)现(xian)(xian)象明(ming)显。海外甲(jia)醇(chun)(chun)由于(yu)主(zhu)要以(yi)天(tian)然(ran)(ran)气为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)原(yuan)(yuan)料(liao),报(bao)价(jia)(jia)(jia)在(zai)近十日也呈(cheng)现(xian)(xian)快(kuai)速(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)(die)状态。其(qi)中,甲(jia)醇(chun)(chun)FOB美国(guo)海湾(wan)报(bao)价(jia)(jia)(jia)跌(die)(die)(die)幅(fu)达9.45%,而CFR中国(guo)主(zhu)港(gang)则下(xia)(xia)(xia)挫(cuo)9.97%。目(mu)前来(lai)看(kan),在(zai)原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)加(jia)速(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)(die)的(de)背(bei)景(jing)下(xia)(xia)(xia),甲(jia)醇(chun)(chun)价(jia)(jia)(jia)格企稳缺(que)(que)乏支撑。
甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)烯(xi)烃(ting)(Methanol to Olefins,MTO)和(he)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)丙(bing)烯(xi)(Methanol to Propylene)是(shi)两(liang)个重(zhong)要的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)C1化(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)新工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi), 是(shi)指以(yi)煤(mei)或(huo)天然气合成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)为(wei)(wei)(wei)原料(liao),借助类(lei)似催化(hua)(hua)(hua)裂化(hua)(hua)(hua)装置的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)流化(hua)(hua)(hua)床反(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)形式,生产(chan)(chan)低(di)碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)化(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)技术(shu)。  上(shang)世纪(ji)七十年代美国Mobil公(gong)(gong)司(si)在研(yan)究(jiu)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)使(shi)用ZSM-5催化(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)转(zhuan)(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)其(qi)它含(han)氧(yang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)合物时,发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)现了甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)汽油(you)(Methanol to Gasoline,MTG)反(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)。1979年,新西(xi)兰政府(fu)利用天然气建(jian)成(cheng)(cheng)了全球首(shou)套MTG装置,其(qi)能力为(wei)(wei)(wei)75万吨/年,1985年投(tou)入运行,后(hou)因经济(ji)原因停产(chan)(chan)。  从MTG反(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)机理分(fen)析,低(di)碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)烃(ting)是(shi)MTG反(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)间(jian)产(chan)(chan)物,因而MTG工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)成(cheng)(cheng)功(gong)促(cu)进了MTO工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)。国际(ji)上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)一些知名石(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)公(gong)(gong)司(si),如Mobil、BASF、UOP、Norsk Hydro等(deng)公(gong)(gong)司(si)都(dou)投(tou)入巨(ju)资进行技术(shu)开(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)。  Mobil公(gong)(gong)司(si)以(yi)该公(gong)(gong)司(si)开(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)ZSM-5催化(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)为(wei)(wei)(wei)基(ji)础(chu),最早研(yan)究(jiu)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)转(zhuan)(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)乙烯(xi)和(he)其(qi)它低(di)碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作,然而,取得突破性(xing)进展的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)是(shi)UOP和(he)Norsk Hydro两(liang)公(gong)(gong)司(si)合作开(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)以(yi)UOP MTO-100为(wei)(wei)(wei)催化(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)UOP/Hydro的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)MTO工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)。  国内科研(yan)机构(gou),如中(zhong)(zhong)科院(yuan)(yuan)大(da)连化(hua)(hua)(hua)物所、石(shi)(shi)油(you)大(da)学、中(zhong)(zhong)国石(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)石(shi)(shi)油(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)科学研(yan)究(jiu)院(yuan)(yuan)等(deng)亦(yi)开(kai)(kai)展了类(lei)似工(gong)(gong)作。其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong)大(da)连化(hua)(hua)(hua)物所开(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)合成(cheng)(cheng)气经二甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醚制(zhi)低(di)碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)路线(SDTO)具独创性(xing),与传统合成(cheng)(cheng)气经甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)低(di)碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)MTO相(xiang)比较,CO转(zhuan)(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)率高,达90%以(yi)上(shang),建(jian)设投(tou)资和(he)操作费用节省50%~80%。当采(cai)用D0123催化(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)时产(chan)(chan)品以(yi)乙烯(xi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)主,当使(shi)用D0300催化(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)是(shi)产(chan)(chan)品以(yi)丙(bing)烯(xi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)主。一、催化(hua)(hua)(hua)反(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)机理  MTO及(ji)MTG的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)反(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)历程主反(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)为(wei)(wei)(wei):  2CH3OH→C2H4+2H2O  3CH3OH→C3H6+3H2O  甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)首(shou)先脱水为(wei)(wei)(wei)二甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醚(DME),形成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)平衡混合物包括甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)、二甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醚和(he)水,然后(hou)转(zhuan)(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)低(di)碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)烃(ting),低(di)碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)烃(ting)通过(guo)氢转(zhuan)(zhuan)移(yi)、烷基(ji)化(hua)(hua)(hua)和(he)缩聚反(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)生成(cheng)(cheng)烷...
近(jin)期(qi)(qi),有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)(fa)展规划宣贯大会(hui)在(zai)(zai)北京召开(kai)。中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)石油(you)和化(hua)学工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联(lian)合会(hui)会(hui)长李勇(yong)武(wu)表(biao)示(shi)(shi),“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”期(qi)(qi)间,有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要(yao)加快转变(bian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展方(fang)式,大力(li)推进结构(gou)调(diao)整、技(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)和节能减(jian)排,逐步建立(li)起绿色、低碳的(de)(de)(de)(de)现代产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体系,不断提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)核心(xin)(xin)竞争力(li)。     李勇(yong)武(wu)指(zhi)出,“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”时期(qi)(qi)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)既面临(lin)难得的(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展机(ji)(ji)遇,也面临(lin)着(zhe)严峻的(de)(de)(de)(de)挑战。一方(fang)面,我(wo)国(guo)(guo)经济长期(qi)(qi)向好(hao)为(wei)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)造了(le)(le)巨大的(de)(de)(de)(de)市场空(kong)间。国(guo)(guo)家鼓(gu)励(li)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)(de)(de)七大战略性新(xin)(xin)兴产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),也对有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提(ti)供了(le)(le)新(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)需(xu)求。另一方(fang)面,制(zhi)约有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)(de)(de)深层次矛盾依(yi)然突出。一是(shi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构(gou)不合理。我(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)数量多、规模(mo)小,产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集中(zhong)(zhong)度偏低;下游(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)品(pin)种数量少,同质化(hua)严重(zhong),附加值偏低,高(gao)(gao)(gao)档产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)依(yi)赖进口。二(er)(er)是(shi)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)能力(li)普遍较弱,在(zai)(zai)关键、共性技(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)上(shang)受制(zhi)于人。三是(shi)安(an)全环保(bao)形势(shi)仍然严峻,产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)可持(chi)续(xu)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展能力(li)受到制(zhi)约。     李勇(yong)武(wu)强(qiang)调(diao),“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”时期(qi)(qi),有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要(yao)把战略重(zhong)心(xin)(xin)放(fang)(fang)在(zai)(zai)调(diao)结构(gou)、转方(fang)式上(shang)来,提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)准入(ru)门槛和产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集中(zhong)(zhong)度,鼓(gu)励(li)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展先进技(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)和产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin),淘汰落后的(de)(de)(de)(de)技(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)和产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin),加快转型升级,走低投入(ru)、低消耗、低排放(fang)(fang)、高(gao)(gao)(gao)效(xiao)益(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)型工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)道路(lu)。     工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和信(xin)息化(hua)部(bu)原材(cai)料司副(fu)司长宋显珠在(zai)(zai)会(hui)上(shang)表(biao)示(shi)(shi),国(guo)(guo)家发(fa)(fa)(fa)改委公布的(de)(de)(de)(de)《产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构(gou)调(diao)整指(zhi)导(dao)目录(lu)(2011年本)》,将苯基(ji)氯(lv)(lv)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)烷、乙烯基(ji)氯(lv)(lv)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)烷等(deng)(deng)新(xin)(xin)型有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体,特种硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)油(you),高(gao)(gao)(gao)性能硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)橡(xiang)胶和硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)树脂,高(gao)(gao)(gao)效(xiao)偶联(lian)剂(ji)等(deng)(deng)列入(ru)了(le)(le)鼓(gu)励(li)类(lei)目录(lu)。工信(xin)部(bu)目前正在(zai)(zai)编(bian)制(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)(fa)展规划,也涉及到高(gao)(gao)(gao)性能的(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)材(cai)料。这无疑为(wei)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展提(ti)供了(le)(le)良(liang)好(hao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)政策环境。
据(ju)悉,工(gong)(gong)信部(bu)(bu)已(yi)完(wan)成《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)五(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规(gui)划》文(wen)本(ben),并对该文(wen)本(ben)进(jin)行了(le)初步(bu)介绍(shao)和(he)解析(xi)。工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)信息化部(bu)(bu)原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司副司长高(gao)云(yun)虎透露,“十二(er)五(wu)”期间(jian)中国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)预计总(zong)(zong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值将(jiang)达(da)2万(wan)亿元(yuan),年(nian)均(jun)增长率超过(guo)25%;到(dao)(dao)(dao)2020年(nian),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)成为国(guo)(guo)(guo)民经(jing)济的(de)(de)先(xian)导产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),主要产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)能(neng)满足国(guo)(guo)(guo)民经(jing)济和(he)国(guo)(guo)(guo)防建设的(de)(de)需要。    据(ju)工(gong)(gong)信部(bu)(bu)原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司副司长高(gao)云(yun)虎在(zai)本(ben)届(jie)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际展(zhan)览会上的(de)(de)解析(xi),工(gong)(gong)信部(bu)(bu)已(yi)完(wan)成的(de)(de)《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)五(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规(gui)划》文(wen)本(ben)明(ming)确(que)提(ti)出(chu),到(dao)(dao)(dao)2015年(nian),建立(li)起(qi)具(ju)有一(yi)(yi)定自主创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力、规(gui)模较大、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配(pei)套(tao)齐全(quan)的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体(ti)系,突(tu)破一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)建设急需、引领未来发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)关(guan)键材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)和(he)技(ji)术(shu),培育一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力强、具(ju)有核(he)心竞争(zheng)力的(de)(de)骨(gu)干(gan)(gan)(gan)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),形成一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)布局合(he)理、特色鲜(xian)明(ming)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集聚的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基地,新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)对材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构调(diao)整和(he)升(sheng)级换代(dai)的(de)(de)带动(dong)作(zuo)用进(jin)一(yi)(yi)步(bu)增强。        2015年(nian)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)总(zong)(zong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值达(da)2万(wan)亿元(yuan),实现(xian)年(nian)均(jun)增长率超过(guo)25%,同时还(hai)要具(ju)有相当高(gao)的(de)(de)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力。企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发(fa)(fa)投(tou)(tou)入明(ming)显增加,重点新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发(fa)(fa)投(tou)(tou)入占销(xiao)售收(shou)入比达(da)到(dao)(dao)(dao)5%。国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)将(jiang)大力支持并建成一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)程技(ji)术(shu)公(gong)共服务平台。 打造10个(ge)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力强、具(ju)有核(he)心竞争(zheng)力、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销(xiao)售收(shou)入超过(guo)150亿元(yuan)的(de)(de)综合(he)龙头企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),培育20个(ge)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销(xiao)售收(shou)入超过(guo)50亿元(yuan)的(de)(de)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)性骨(gu)干(gan)(gan)(gan)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),建成若干(gan)(gan)(gan)主业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)突(tu)出(chu)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配(pei)套(tao)齐全(quan)、年(nian)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值超过(guo)300亿元(yuan)的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基地和(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集群。加大我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)(de)综合(he)保(bao)障能(neng)力。新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)综合(he)保(bao)障能(neng)力提(ti)高(gao)到(dao)(dao)(dao)70%,关(guan)键新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)保(bao)障能(neng)力达(da)到(dao)(dao)(dao)50%,实现(xian)碳纤维、钛(tai)合(he)金、耐蚀钢、先(xian)进(jin)储能(neng)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、半导体(ti)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、膜材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、丁基橡胶、聚碳酸酯等关(guan)键品(pin)(pin)种产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化、规(gui)模化。推广30个(ge)重点新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)品(pin)(pin)种,实施若干(gan)(gan)(gan)示范(fan)推广应用工(gong)(gong)程。      ...
第四(si)届国(guo)(guo)际(ji)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)峰会(hui)的(de)(de)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)官员(yuan)和(he)业(ye)(ye)内人(ren)士指出(chu),中国(guo)(guo)已成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)全(quan)球化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)领域最重(zhong)要(yao)的(de)(de)市场,而化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)将在(zai)“十(shi)(shi)二(er)(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”期(qi)间(jian)迎来一个(ge)(ge)全(quan)新(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)发展(zhan)阶段(duan),为(wei)节能减(jian)排和(he)科技(ji)(ji)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)提供支(zhi)持。中国(guo)(guo)石油(you)和(he)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)(xue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)联(lian)合会(hui)会(hui)长李勇(yong)武(wu)指出(chu),中国(guo)(guo)在(zai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)开发上涌现(xian)出(chu)非常(chang)多(duo)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)果(guo)。中国(guo)(guo)2010年石油(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)(xue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)总(zong)销售额达到8.88万(wan)亿(yi),居世(shi)界第二(er)(er)(er),而这(zhei)个(ge)(ge)数字到“十(shi)(shi)二(er)(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”末期(qi)将达到16万(wan)亿(yi)。其(qi)中化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)可发展(zhan)空间(jian)最广,需(xu)求最旺盛(sheng)。李勇(yong)武(wu)表示,“十(shi)(shi)二(er)(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”期(qi)间(jian)也(ye)(ye)是中国(guo)(guo)开展(zhan)的(de)(de)大(da)飞机(ji)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)能源(yuan)汽车、现(xian)代轨道交通等(deng)重(zhong)大(da)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程项目及战略(lve)性新(xin)(xin)(xin)型(xing)(xing)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)快(kuai)速发展(zhan)的(de)(de)时期(qi),对化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)都(dou)提出(chu)了(le)很高的(de)(de)需(xu)求和(he)技(ji)(ji)术要(yao)求。世(shi)界经济论坛全(quan)球化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)(xue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)总(zong)监(jian)安德(de)鲁·海根指出(chu),21世(shi)纪是一个(ge)(ge)轻量化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)世(shi)纪,也(ye)(ye)是化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)发展(zhan)的(de)(de)方(fang)向。化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)将在(zai)整个(ge)(ge)环(huan)境(jing)和(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)发展(zhan)过(guo)程中起到非常(chang)关键的(de)(de)联(lian)系(xi)和(he)作用。然(ran)而李勇(yong)武(wu)也(ye)(ye)强调,目前中国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)还面临着企业(ye)(ye)规模(mo)小、集约创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)能力不(bu)强、科技(ji)(ji)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)果(guo)应(ying)用与产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)能力不(bu)足、部分产(chan)(chan)品重(zhong)复建(jian)设严重(zhong)等(deng)问题(ti),需(xu)要(yao)警(jing)惕在(zai)低端产(chan)(chan)品上出(chu)现(xian)产(chan)(chan)能过(guo)剩等(deng)问题(ti)。为(wei)期(qi)两天的(de)(de)第四(si)届国(guo)(guo)际(ji)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)峰会(hui)由中国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)集团(tuan)公司(si)、成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)都(dou)市人(ren)民(min)政府、德(de)国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)(xue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程与生物技(ji)(ji)术协(xie)会(hui)等(deng)联(lian)合主办(ban),吸引(yin)了(le)来自(zi)政府、企业(ye)(ye)、行(xing)业(ye)(ye)协(xie)会(hui)、科研院所(suo)和(he)投资领域的(de)(de)300余名代表出(chu)席。论坛将集中探讨推动新(xin)(xin)(xin)能源(yuan)与改善环(huan)境(jing)、化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)应(ying)用前景(jing)和(he)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)升级转型(xing)(xing)等(deng)重(zhong)要(yao)话题(ti)。
我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)能(neng)将出(chu)现阶(jie)段(duan)性(xing)过剩,一直以来供不应(ying)(ying)(ying)求的(de)(de)局面将出(chu)现逆转,缺乏竞(jing)争(zheng)力(li)的(de)(de)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)生产(chan)(chan)企业将面临生存困难;而有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)高端产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)尚需进(jin)口(kou),市场缺口(kou)较大,消(xiao)化(hua)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)出(chu)路(lu)在(zai)于(yu)开(kai)发(fa)(fa)下(xia)游(you)精(jing)细有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin),延(yan)伸产(chan)(chan)业链(lian),提(ti)高附加值(zhi)(zhi)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)深(shen)加工(gong)将是(shi)未(wei)来企业发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)必(bi)由之(zhi)路(lu)。 我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)生产(chan)(chan)走过了(le)(le)从(cong)基本(ben)依赖进(jin)口(kou),到自给率(lv)逐步提(ti)高,直至产(chan)(chan)能(neng)过剩的(de)(de)历程。上(shang)世纪末,我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)还只有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)一套万吨(dun)级(ji)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)生产(chan)(chan)装置。随着技(ji)(ji)术瓶(ping)颈的(de)(de)突破和反倾(qing)销(xiao)的(de)(de)成(cheng)功,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)能(neng)出(chu)现了(le)(le)井喷式增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长。2002年我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)能(neng)仅为(wei)10万吨(dun),2009年已(yi)经(jing)(jing)达到100万吨(dun),预(yu)计(ji)(ji)2012年将达到200万吨(dun)。目前我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)已(yi)经(jing)(jing)出(chu)现阶(jie)段(duan)性(xing)过剩。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)前景十(shi)分广阔,目前发(fa)(fa)达国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)人均(jun)消(xiao)费(fei)(fei)(fei)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)3千克,而我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)仅为(wei)0.3千克,国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)际上(shang)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)品(pin)(pin)(pin)种牌号有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)约(yue)1万种。据中国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)材(cai)料(liao)信息研(yan)究(jiu)中心统(tong)计(ji)(ji),2010年中国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)市场份(fen)额(e)占全(quan)球(qiu)的(de)(de)30.8%,超越美国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)和欧(ou)洲成(cheng)为(wei)世界(jie)最大的(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)消(xiao)费(fei)(fei)(fei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)。2010年中国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)费(fei)(fei)(fei)量(liang)(liang)约(yue)为(wei)47万吨(dun)(折硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)氧烷),产(chan)(chan)量(liang)(liang)40万吨(dun)(含再生3万吨(dun)),净进(jin)口(kou)约(yue)10万吨(dun),对外(wai)依存度(du)超过20%。  有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)行业权威专家(jia)、有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)终身成(cheng)就奖获得者傅积赉说:“我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)许多高附加值(zhi)(zhi)的(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)仍然(ran)依赖进(jin)口(kou)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)市场存在(zai)的(de)(de)主(zhu)要问题是(shi)品(pin)(pin)(pin)种牌号偏(pian)少,高品(pin)(pin)(pin)质和功能(neng)性(xing)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)开(kai)发(fa)(fa)不足。在(zai)相当多的(de)(de)高新技(ji)(ji)术应(ying)(ying)(ying)用领域,仍以采用国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)公司提(ti)供的(de)(de)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)为(wei)主(zhu),本(ben)土企业很难插足,特(te)别是(shi)高利润的(de)(de)下(xia)游(you)深(shen)加工(gong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)依赖进(jin)口(kou)。 “十(shi)一五”期间(jian),我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)费(fei)(fei)(fei)量(liang)(liang)保(bao)持了(le)(le)15%~20%的(de)(de)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长,远远高于(yu)全(quan)球(qiu)4%~5%的(de)(de)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长速(su)度(du)。预(yu)计(ji)(ji)“十(shi)二五”期间(jian),我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)费(fei)(fei)(fei)量(liang)(liang)还会保(bao)持15%左右(you)的(de)(de)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)长。随着应(ying)(ying)(ying)用的(de)(de)普及,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)已(yi)经(jing)(jing)从(cong)特(te)种化(hua)学(xue)品(pin)(pin)(pin)向(xiang)通用化(hua)学(xue)品(pin)(pin)(pin)转变,企业应(ying)(ying)(ying)抓住机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)遇(yu),积极开(kai)发(fa)(fa)新产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)。 对于(yu)具体(ti)(ti)如(ru)何延(yan)伸产(chan)(chan)业链(lian)开(kai)发(fa)(fa)下(xia)游(you)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin),专家(jia)给...
为(wei)了(le)确保“十一五(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)”节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排目(mu)标的(de)实现,银行(xing)近(jin)日出台(tai)多(duo)项信贷(dai)(dai)措施(shi)加(jia)强对节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排工作的(de)支持(chi),防范“两高一剩”行(xing)业的(de)信贷(dai)(dai)风险(xian)。银行(xing)近(jin)日制定颁布(bu)了(le)《支持(chi)节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排信贷(dai)(dai)指引,称将加(jia)大节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排信贷(dai)(dai)支持(chi)力度(du),大力推行(xing)“绿(lv)色信贷(dai)(dai)”。银行(xing)倡导节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排不仅(jin)源于商业需求(qiu),也是(shi)为(wei)了(le)贯(guan)彻国(guo)(guo)务院5月上(shang)旬(xun)节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排工作会议(yi)对“十一五(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)”节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排目(mu)标的(de)要求(qiu)。我国(guo)(guo)《“十一五(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)”国(guo)(guo)民经济和社会发展规划(hua)》中提(ti)出,到2010年(nian)单位GDP能(neng)(neng)耗(hao)比2005年(nian)降低20%左右、主要污(wu)染物排放(fang)总量减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)少10%的(de)约束(shu)性目(mu)标。但是(shi),“十一五(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)”前四年(nian),全国(guo)(guo)单位国(guo)(guo)内生产总值能(neng)(neng)耗(hao)累(lei)计仅(jin)下降14.38%。而(er)今(jin)年(nian)是(shi)“十一五(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)”的(de)最后一年(nian),来自多(duo)方消息(xi)称,完成这一目(mu)标难度(du)颇大。为(wei)此(ci),国(guo)(guo)务院召开(kai)节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排工作会议(yi),对加(jia)大淘汰落后产能(neng)(neng)力度(du)、严控“高耗(hao)能(neng)(neng)、高污(wu)染”行(xing)业过快增长(zhang)、加(jia)快实施(shi)节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排重点工程等提(ti)出明确要求(qiu)。
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