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2- 氯(lv)吡啶氮氧化催化剂

发布AG真人厅官网 2017-06-06
点(dian)击次数 83

技术背景

2- 氯吡啶氮(dan)氧化(hua)物(wu)是吡啶系氮(dan)氧化(hua)物(wu)中(zhong)的一种重(zhong)要(yao)的化(hua)合(he)(he)物(wu),是农药、医(yi)药及日用化(hua)工产品(pin)的合(he)(he)成(cheng)中(zhong)间体,也(ye)是合(he)(he)成(cheng)皮肤清洁剂(ji)、洗发香波和吡硫霉净等类(lei)防腐防霉杀菌(jun)剂(ji)以及苯脲类(lei)植物(wu)生(sheng)长调节剂(ji)的重(zhong)要(yao)中(zhong)间体。

2- 氯吡啶氮氧化催化剂


测试数据

2- 氯吡啶氮氧化催化剂


经济性能

AG真人厅官网 针(zhen)对吡啶(ding)(ding)类物质氧(yang)化(hua)反应开发的钛硅分(fen)子筛(shai)催化(hua)剂,特别适用于2-氯吡啶(ding)(ding)氮氧(yang)化(hua)催化(hua)过程,具有(you)活性好、选(xuan)择性高、易分(fen)离的优点(dian),能多(duo)次循环利用,显著地减少了催化(hua)剂单耗,提高了经济(ji)效益。


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据交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)商和(he)(he)(he)分(fen)析(xi)师预计,荷(he)兰(lan)皇(huang)家(jia)壳牌(pai)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)(ying)(ying)国天然(ran)(ran)气集团(BG)的(de)(de)(de)并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)很可(ke)能(neng)(neng)是(shi)(shi)大(da)(da)(da)型能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)兼(jian)并(bing)(bing)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)大(da)(da)(da)潮的(de)(de)(de)开端,大(da)(da)(da)型油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)企通(tong)(tong)常(chang)都会在(zai)(zai)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)低迷(mi)时期以(yi)这(zhei)种方式来降低生(sheng)产(chan)和(he)(he)(he)勘探成(cheng)本(ben)。历(li)史(shi)告诉(su)我们,判(pan)断油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)是(shi)(shi)否(fou)触底(di)的(de)(de)(de)窍门之(zhi)一(yi)是(shi)(shi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)内(nei)是(shi)(shi)否(fou)发生(sheng)多宗(zong)(zong)高(gao)额并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)重(zhong)组交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)。荷(he)兰(lan)皇(huang)家(jia)壳牌(pai)高(gao)达700亿(yi)(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)令部分(fen)投资(zi)者猜测,上(shang)世纪(ji)90年(nian)代的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)大(da)(da)(da)洗牌(pai)的(de)(de)(de)历(li)史(shi)将重(zhong)演,当前油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)距离底(di)部已经(jing)不远。在(zai)(zai)上(shang)世纪(ji)90年(nian)代晚(wan)期,能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)多次发生(sheng)大(da)(da)(da)规模(mo)并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)重(zhong)组交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)。英(ying)(ying)(ying)国石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)公司(si)在(zai)(zai)1998年(nian)以(yi)560亿(yi)(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了美(mei)(mei)国石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)公司(si)(Amoco),埃(ai)克(ke)森于同年(nian)12月出(chu)资(zi)800亿(yi)(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)。仅在(zai)(zai)数周(zhou)之(zhi)后,布(bu)伦特油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)就(jiu)触底(di)跌至每桶9.55美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)。此(ci)后,油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)开始(shi)回升,能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)还相继(ji)出(chu)现(xian)几宗(zong)(zong)大(da)(da)(da)规模(mo)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)案(an)。和(he)(he)(he)现(xian)在(zai)(zai)一(yi)样,当年(nian)的(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)生(sheng)产(chan)商也在(zai)(zai)为(wei)争夺市场(chang)份(fen)额而(er)(er)激烈(lie)搏杀(sha),低效(xiao)高(gao)成(cheng)本(ben)的(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)被迫退(tui)出(chu)市场(chang)。国际(ji)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)在(zai)(zai)14个月内(nei)暴跌50%。弱肉强食的(de)(de)(de)局面如今再度出(chu)现(xian),美(mei)(mei)国钻机数量(liang)在(zai)(zai)短短四(si)个月内(nei)几乎减少了一(yi)半。荷(he)兰(lan)皇(huang)家(jia)壳牌(pai)周(zhou)三宣布(bu)以(yi)470亿(yi)(yi)(yi)英(ying)(ying)(ying)镑现(xian)金(jin)加股票(约和(he)(he)(he)700亿(yi)(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan))收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)(ying)(ying)国天然(ran)(ran)气集团,成(cheng)为(wei)历(li)史(shi)上(shang)仅次于埃(ai)克(ke)森并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)案(an)。通(tong)(tong)过这(zhei)宗(zong)(zong)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi),壳牌(pai)能(neng)(neng)够使公司(si)石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)和(he)(he)(he)天然(ran)(ran)气储(chu)备量(liang)增加28%,从(cong)而(er)(er)节省通(tong)(tong)过勘探来提(ti)升储(chu)备的(de)(de)(de)资(zi)金(jin)。在(zai)(zai)此(ci)之(zhi)前,全球油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)田服务巨头哈(ha)里(li)伯(bo)顿(dun)(Halliburton)以(yi)350亿(yi)(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了竞争对手贝克(ke)休(xiu)斯(Baker Hughes)。西班(ban)牙(ya)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)公司(si)雷(lei)普索(suo)尔(Repsol of Spain)去年(nian)耗(hao)资(zi)83亿(yi)(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)(yuan)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了加拿大(da)(da)(da)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)加拿大(da)(da)(da)塔里(li)斯曼能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(Talisman Energy of Canada)。当然(ran)(ran),并(bing)(bing)非所有人(ren)都会认(ren)为(wei)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)已徘徊在(zai)(zai)底(di)部。上(shang)世纪(ji)80年(nian)代,杜邦(DuPont)买(mai)下了康(kang)菲(fei)石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(Conoco),随后就(jiu)发生(sheng)了1986年(nian)的(de)(de)(de)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)大(da)(da)(da)崩盘(pan)。
新兴需(xu)求烯(xi)烃(ting)装置年底(di)集中投产令甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)期货一(yi)(yi)(yi)度燃(ran)起(qi)上(shang)(shang)涨的(de)希望(wang),怎奈生不逢时,处在(zai)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)断(duan)崖式(shi)下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)(die)的(de)背(bei)景下(xia)(xia)(xia),负面因素(su)骤起(qi)不但(dan)淹(yan)没了此前的(de)看涨呼(hu)声,而(er)且冲击了市场的(de)做多(duo)信心。自月底(di)以(yi)来(lai),甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)期货转入快速下(xia)(xia)(xia)探模式(shi)。截至(zhi)昨(zuo)日(ri)收盘(pan),1505合约(yue)(yue)累计跌(die)(die)(die)幅已达18.54%,而(er)1506合约(yue)(yue)跌(die)(die)(die)幅也有17.31%。尽管短期甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)不断(duan)积聚超跌(die)(die)(die)反弹动力,但(dan)由于缺(que)乏利多(duo)支(zhi)撑(cheng),预(yu)计跌(die)(die)(die)势尚未完(wan)结。  原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)失(shi)去最(zui)后(hou)一(yi)(yi)(yi)根(gen)救命稻草  随着欧(ou)佩(pei)克组(zu)织在(zai)月底(di)宣(xuan)布(bu)维持现有产能(neng)不变(bian)后(hou),国(guo)(guo)(guo)际油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)失(shi)去了最(zui)后(hou)一(yi)(yi)(yi)根(gen)救命稻草,油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)企稳无望(wang)转而(er)再度暴跌(die)(die)(die)。而(er)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际能(neng)源署(EIA)非但(dan)不“保驾勤王(wang)”,反而(er)“落井下(xia)(xia)(xia)石”,导致油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)加速下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)(die)。  IEA在(zai)上(shang)(shang)周五公布(bu)的(de)月度石油(you)(you)(you)市场报(bao)(bao)告中指出,原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)可能(neng)面临进一(yi)(yi)(yi)步下(xia)(xia)(xia)行(xing)压力。其(qi)(qi)中,非欧(ou)佩(pei)克产油(you)(you)(you)国(guo)(guo)(guo)的(de)石油(you)(you)(you)供应(ying)增(zeng)长(zhang)会使全球(qiu)油(you)(you)(you)市供大(da)于求矛盾加剧,预(yu)计供应(ying)过剩量约(yue)(yue)为120万桶/天(tian)(tian)。而(er)且,IEA还将(jiang)2015年全球(qiu)石油(you)(you)(you)日(ri)需(xu)求增(zeng)量预(yu)期下(xia)(xia)(xia)调23万桶,至(zhi)90万桶。这(zhei)为近五个月来(lai)EIA第四(si)次下(xia)(xia)(xia)调2015年需(xu)求。  毋庸置疑,目前原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)供需(xu)失(shi)衡趋于恶化已经成为引领(ling)油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)大(da)幅下(xia)(xia)(xia)挫(cuo)的(de)根(gen)本因素(su)。而(er)作(zuo)为能(neng)源龙头,原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)重挫(cuo)间接对天(tian)(tian)然气(qi)价(jia)格产生巨(ju)大(da)压力,天(tian)(tian)然气(qi)价(jia)格跟跌(die)(die)(die)现象(xiang)明显。海(hai)外甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)由于主要以(yi)天(tian)(tian)然气(qi)为原(yuan)(yuan)料,报(bao)(bao)价(jia)在(zai)近十日(ri)也呈现快速下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)(die)状(zhuang)态。其(qi)(qi)中,甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)FOB美(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)海(hai)湾(wan)报(bao)(bao)价(jia)跌(die)(die)(die)幅达9.45%,而(er)CFR中国(guo)(guo)(guo)主港则下(xia)(xia)(xia)挫(cuo)9.97%。目前来(lai)看,在(zai)原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)加速下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)(die)的(de)背(bei)景下(xia)(xia)(xia),甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)价(jia)格企稳缺(que)乏支(zhi)撑(cheng)。
甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(Methanol to Olefins,MTO)和(he)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)丙烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(Methanol to Propylene)是两个重(zhong)要的(de)(de)(de)(de)C1化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)新(xin)工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi), 是指以(yi)(yi)(yi)煤或天(tian)然气合(he)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)为(wei)(wei)(wei)原料,借助类似催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)裂化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)装置(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)流化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)床反(fan)(fan)应(ying)形(xing)式,生(sheng)产低(di)碳烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)技术。  上世纪七十年(nian)代(dai)美国(guo)(guo)Mobil公(gong)司(si)在研(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)使用(yong)(yong)(yong)ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂转化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)其(qi)它含氧(yang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)合(he)物(wu)(wu)(wu)时,发(fa)现了(le)(le)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)汽油(Methanol to Gasoline,MTG)反(fan)(fan)应(ying)。1979年(nian),新(xin)西兰(lan)政府利用(yong)(yong)(yong)天(tian)然气建(jian)成(cheng)(cheng)了(le)(le)全球首(shou)套MTG装置(zhi),其(qi)能力为(wei)(wei)(wei)75万(wan)吨/年(nian),1985年(nian)投入运行(xing),后因经(jing)济(ji)原因停产。  从MTG反(fan)(fan)应(ying)机理(li)分析,低(di)碳烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)是MTG反(fan)(fan)应(ying)的(de)(de)(de)(de)中间产物(wu)(wu)(wu),因而MTG工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)发(fa)成(cheng)(cheng)功(gong)促进(jin)了(le)(le)MTO工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)发(fa)。国(guo)(guo)际上的(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)些知名石化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)公(gong)司(si),如(ru)Mobil、BASF、UOP、Norsk Hydro等公(gong)司(si)都投入巨(ju)资进(jin)行(xing)技术开(kai)发(fa)。  Mobil公(gong)司(si)以(yi)(yi)(yi)该公(gong)司(si)开(kai)发(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂为(wei)(wei)(wei)基础(chu),最早研(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)转化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)乙烯(xi)(xi)(xi)和(he)其(qi)它低(di)碳烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作,然而,取得突破(po)性进(jin)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)是UOP和(he)Norsk Hydro两公(gong)司(si)合(he)作开(kai)发(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)以(yi)(yi)(yi)UOP MTO-100为(wei)(wei)(wei)催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂的(de)(de)(de)(de)UOP/Hydro的(de)(de)(de)(de)MTO工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)。  国(guo)(guo)内科研(yan)(yan)机构(gou),如(ru)中科院(yuan)(yuan)大(da)连化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)物(wu)(wu)(wu)所、石油大(da)学(xue)、中国(guo)(guo)石化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)石油化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)科学(xue)研(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)院(yuan)(yuan)等亦开(kai)展(zhan)了(le)(le)类似工(gong)(gong)作。其(qi)中大(da)连化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)物(wu)(wu)(wu)所开(kai)发(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)合(he)成(cheng)(cheng)气经(jing)二甲(jia)(jia)醚制(zhi)低(di)碳烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)路线(SDTO)具(ju)独创性,与(yu)传(chuan)统合(he)成(cheng)(cheng)气经(jing)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)低(di)碳烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)MTO相(xiang)比较,CO转化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)率高,达90%以(yi)(yi)(yi)上,建(jian)设投资和(he)操作费用(yong)(yong)(yong)节省50%~80%。当(dang)采(cai)用(yong)(yong)(yong)D0123催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂时产品以(yi)(yi)(yi)乙烯(xi)(xi)(xi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)主,当(dang)使用(yong)(yong)(yong)D0300催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂是产品以(yi)(yi)(yi)丙烯(xi)(xi)(xi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)主。一(yi)、催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)反(fan)(fan)应(ying)机理(li)  MTO及MTG的(de)(de)(de)(de)反(fan)(fan)应(ying)历程主反(fan)(fan)应(ying)为(wei)(wei)(wei):  2CH3OH→C2H4+2H2O  3CH3OH→C3H6+3H2O  甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)首(shou)先脱水为(wei)(wei)(wei)二甲(jia)(jia)醚(DME),形(xing)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)平衡混合(he)物(wu)(wu)(wu)包括甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)、二甲(jia)(jia)醚和(he)水,然后转化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)低(di)碳烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting),低(di)碳烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)通过氢(qing)转移、烷基化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)和(he)缩聚反(fan)(fan)应(ying)生(sheng)成(cheng)(cheng)烷...
近期,有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)规划宣贯大(da)会(hui)在(zai)北京召开。中国(guo)(guo)石油(you)和(he)化学工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)联合(he)会(hui)会(hui)长李勇武(wu)表示,“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”期间,有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)要加快转变发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)方(fang)式(shi),大(da)力推进(jin)结构调(diao)整(zheng)(zheng)、技术创(chuang)新(xin)和(he)节能(neng)(neng)减排,逐步建立起(qi)绿(lv)色、低(di)(di)碳的(de)(de)现代产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)体系,不断提(ti)高(gao)行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)核心竞争力。     李勇武(wu)指(zhi)出,“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”时期我(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)既面(mian)临(lin)难得的(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)机(ji)(ji)遇,也面(mian)临(lin)着(zhe)严峻的(de)(de)挑(tiao)战(zhan)(zhan)。一方(fang)面(mian),我(wo)国(guo)(guo)经济长期向好为有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)造了巨大(da)的(de)(de)市场空间。国(guo)(guo)家鼓(gu)励(li)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)七大(da)战(zhan)(zhan)略性(xing)(xing)(xing)新(xin)兴产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye),也对有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)提(ti)供了新(xin)的(de)(de)需求。另一方(fang)面(mian),制(zhi)(zhi)约有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)深层次矛盾依(yi)然(ran)突出。一是产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)结构不合(he)理。我(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单体企业(ye)(ye)(ye)数量(liang)多(duo)、规模小(xiao),产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)(ji)中度偏(pian)低(di)(di);下游产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)品(pin)种(zhong)(zhong)数量(liang)少,同质化严重(zhong),附加值偏(pian)低(di)(di),高(gao)档产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)依(yi)赖进(jin)口(kou)。二(er)(er)是企业(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)新(xin)能(neng)(neng)力普遍较弱,在(zai)关(guan)键(jian)、共性(xing)(xing)(xing)技术上受制(zhi)(zhi)于人。三(san)是安全(quan)环保形势仍然(ran)严峻,产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)可持续发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)能(neng)(neng)力受到(dao)制(zhi)(zhi)约。     李勇武(wu)强调(diao),“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”时期,有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)要把战(zhan)(zhan)略重(zhong)心放(fang)在(zai)调(diao)结构、转方(fang)式(shi)上来,提(ti)高(gao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)准(zhun)入(ru)门(men)槛和(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)(ji)中度,鼓(gu)励(li)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)先进(jin)技术和(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin),淘汰落后的(de)(de)技术和(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin),加快转型升(sheng)级,走低(di)(di)投入(ru)、低(di)(di)消耗、低(di)(di)排放(fang)、高(gao)效益的(de)(de)新(xin)型工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化道路。     工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)信(xin)息化部(bu)原材(cai)料司副司长宋显珠在(zai)会(hui)上表示,国(guo)(guo)家发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)改委公布的(de)(de)《产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)结构调(diao)整(zheng)(zheng)指(zhi)导(dao)目录(lu)(2011年(nian)本)》,将苯基(ji)(ji)氯硅(gui)烷、乙烯基(ji)(ji)氯硅(gui)烷等新(xin)型有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单体,特(te)种(zhong)(zhong)硅(gui)油(you),高(gao)性(xing)(xing)(xing)能(neng)(neng)硅(gui)橡(xiang)胶和(he)硅(gui)树(shu)脂,高(gao)效偶(ou)联剂等列入(ru)了鼓(gu)励(li)类目录(lu)。工(gong)信(xin)部(bu)目前正在(zai)编制(zhi)(zhi)的(de)(de)新(xin)材(cai)料“十(shi)二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)规划,也涉(she)及(ji)到(dao)高(gao)性(xing)(xing)(xing)能(neng)(neng)的(de)(de)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)材(cai)料。这无疑为有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)提(ti)供了良好的(de)(de)政策(ce)环境。
据(ju)悉(xi),工(gong)(gong)信部已(yi)完成《新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二五”发(fa)展规划(hua)》文本,并(bing)(bing)对(dui)该文本进行了初步介绍和解析。工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和信息化部原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)副(fu)司(si)长(zhang)高(gao)云(yun)虎透露,“十(shi)二五”期间中(zhong)国新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)预计总产(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)将(jiang)达(da)(da)2万亿(yi)元(yuan),年(nian)均增(zeng)长(zhang)率(lv)超(chao)过25%;到2020年(nian),新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)成为国民经(jing)济(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)先导产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)品能(neng)满足(zu)国民经(jing)济(ji)(ji)和国防(fang)建(jian)设的(de)(de)需要(yao)(yao)。    据(ju)工(gong)(gong)信部原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)副(fu)司(si)长(zhang)高(gao)云(yun)虎在(zai)本届(jie)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)国际展览会(hui)上(shang)的(de)(de)解析,工(gong)(gong)信部已(yi)完成的(de)(de)《新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二五”发(fa)展规划(hua)》文本明(ming)确提出,到2015年(nian),建(jian)立起具(ju)有(you)一(yi)(yi)定(ding)自主(zhu)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)、规模较大(da)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配套齐(qi)(qi)全的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体(ti)系,突(tu)破一(yi)(yi)批国家建(jian)设急需、引领未来发(fa)展的(de)(de)关(guan)(guan)键(jian)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)和技(ji)术,培育一(yi)(yi)批创新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)强(qiang)、具(ju)有(you)核心竞争(zheng)力(li)(li)(li)的(de)(de)骨(gu)干企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),形成一(yi)(yi)批布局合(he)(he)(he)(he)理、特色鲜明(ming)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)聚的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di),新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)对(dui)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结(jie)构(gou)调整和升(sheng)级(ji)换代的(de)(de)带动作用进一(yi)(yi)步增(zeng)强(qiang)。        2015年(nian)我(wo)(wo)国新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)总产(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)达(da)(da)2万亿(yi)元(yuan),实(shi)现(xian)年(nian)均增(zeng)长(zhang)率(lv)超(chao)过25%,同时还要(yao)(yao)具(ju)有(you)相当高(gao)的(de)(de)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)。企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发(fa)投入(ru)明(ming)显增(zeng)加,重点新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发(fa)投入(ru)占销(xiao)售(shou)收入(ru)比达(da)(da)到5%。国家将(jiang)大(da)力(li)(li)(li)支持并(bing)(bing)建(jian)成一(yi)(yi)批新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)程技(ji)术公(gong)共服务平台(tai)。 打造10个创新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)强(qiang)、具(ju)有(you)核心竞争(zheng)力(li)(li)(li)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销(xiao)售(shou)收入(ru)超(chao)过150亿(yi)元(yuan)的(de)(de)综(zong)合(he)(he)(he)(he)龙头企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),培育20个新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销(xiao)售(shou)收入(ru)超(chao)过50亿(yi)元(yuan)的(de)(de)专(zhuan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)性(xing)骨(gu)干企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),建(jian)成若干主(zhu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)突(tu)出、产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配套齐(qi)(qi)全、年(nian)产(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)超(chao)过300亿(yi)元(yuan)的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)和产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)群。加大(da)我(wo)(wo)国新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)(de)综(zong)合(he)(he)(he)(he)保障(zhang)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)。新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)品综(zong)合(he)(he)(he)(he)保障(zhang)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)提高(gao)到70%,关(guan)(guan)键(jian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)保障(zhang)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)达(da)(da)到50%,实(shi)现(xian)碳纤维、钛合(he)(he)(he)(he)金、耐蚀钢(gang)、先进储能(neng)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、半导体(ti)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、膜材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、丁基(ji)(ji)橡胶、聚碳酸酯等关(guan)(guan)键(jian)品种产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化、规模化。推广30个重点新(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)品种,实(shi)施若干示(shi)范推广应用工(gong)(gong)程。      ...
第(di)四(si)届国际化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)峰(feng)会的(de)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)官(guan)员和(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)内人士指出(chu)(chu),中(zhong)国已成(cheng)为(wei)全球(qiu)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)领域最(zui)(zui)重要的(de)市场,而(er)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)在(zai)“十二(er)(er)五”期(qi)间(jian)迎来一个全新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)阶段,为(wei)节(jie)能(neng)(neng)减排和(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)科(ke)技创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)提(ti)供支(zhi)持。中(zhong)国石油和(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联合会会长李(li)勇武指出(chu)(chu),中(zhong)国在(zai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)开(kai)发(fa)上(shang)涌现(xian)出(chu)(chu)非常(chang)多成(cheng)果(guo)。中(zhong)国2010年石油化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)总(zong)销售额达到8.88万亿,居世(shi)界第(di)二(er)(er),而(er)这个数字到“十二(er)(er)五”末期(qi)将(jiang)达到16万亿。其中(zhong)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)可发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)空间(jian)最(zui)(zui)广,需(xu)求最(zui)(zui)旺盛(sheng)。李(li)勇武表(biao)示,“十二(er)(er)五”期(qi)间(jian)也(ye)(ye)是(shi)中(zhong)国开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)大飞(fei)机(ji)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)汽车、现(xian)代轨(gui)道交通等(deng)重大工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程项目及战略性新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)快速发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)时期(qi),对化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)都(dou)提(ti)出(chu)(chu)了很高的(de)需(xu)求和(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)技术(shu)要求。世(shi)界经济论坛(tan)全球(qiu)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)总(zong)监安(an)德(de)鲁(lu)·海(hai)根(gen)指出(chu)(chu),21世(shi)纪是(shi)一个轻量(liang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)世(shi)纪,也(ye)(ye)是(shi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)方向。化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)在(zai)整个环境和(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)过程中(zhong)起(qi)到非常(chang)关(guan)键的(de)联系和(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)作用。然而(er)李(li)勇武也(ye)(ye)强调(diao),目前中(zhong)国化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)还(hai)面临着企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)规模(mo)小、集约创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)不强、科(ke)技成(cheng)果(guo)应(ying)用与(yu)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)能(neng)(neng)力(li)不足(zu)、部分产(chan)品(pin)重复建设(she)严重等(deng)问(wen)题,需(xu)要警惕在(zai)低(di)端产(chan)品(pin)上(shang)出(chu)(chu)现(xian)产(chan)能(neng)(neng)过剩(sheng)等(deng)问(wen)题。为(wei)期(qi)两天的(de)第(di)四(si)届国际化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)峰(feng)会由中(zhong)国化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)集团公(gong)司、成(cheng)都(dou)市人民政(zheng)(zheng)府、德(de)国化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程与(yu)生物技术(shu)协会等(deng)联合主办,吸引(yin)了来自政(zheng)(zheng)府、企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)协会、科(ke)研院所和(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)投资领域的(de)300余名代表(biao)出(chu)(chu)席。论坛(tan)将(jiang)集中(zhong)探(tan)讨推(tui)动新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)与(yu)改善环境、化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)应(ying)用前景(jing)和(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)升(sheng)级转型等(deng)重要话(hua)题。
我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)将(jiang)出(chu)(chu)现阶段性(xing)过(guo)剩,一直以来(lai)供(gong)不(bu)应(ying)求的(de)(de)(de)局(ju)面将(jiang)出(chu)(chu)现逆(ni)转,缺乏竞争力的(de)(de)(de)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)面临(lin)生(sheng)存困难;而(er)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下游(you)(you)高(gao)端产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)尚需进口(kou),市(shi)场缺口(kou)较(jiao)大,消(xiao)(xiao)化单(dan)(dan)体(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)(de)出(chu)(chu)路在(zai)于开(kai)发(fa)(fa)下游(you)(you)精细有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin),延伸产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)链,提(ti)高(gao)附(fu)加值。有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)深(shen)加工将(jiang)是(shi)未来(lai)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)(de)必(bi)由(you)之路。 我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)走过(guo)了从基本(ben)依(yi)赖进口(kou),到自给率逐步(bu)提(ti)高(gao),直至产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)过(guo)剩的(de)(de)(de)历程。上世纪末,我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)还只有(you)(you)(you)(you)一套万(wan)吨(dun)级有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)装(zhuang)置。随(sui)着(zhe)技术(shu)瓶颈(jing)的(de)(de)(de)突破和反倾销的(de)(de)(de)成功(gong),有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)出(chu)(chu)现了井喷式增长(zhang)。2002年(nian)(nian)我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)仅(jin)为(wei)10万(wan)吨(dun),2009年(nian)(nian)已(yi)(yi)经(jing)(jing)达(da)到100万(wan)吨(dun),预计2012年(nian)(nian)将(jiang)达(da)到200万(wan)吨(dun)。目前我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)(ti)已(yi)(yi)经(jing)(jing)出(chu)(chu)现阶段性(xing)过(guo)剩。有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下游(you)(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)发(fa)(fa)展前景十分广阔,目前发(fa)(fa)达(da)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)人均消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)3千(qian)(qian)克,而(er)我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)仅(jin)为(wei)0.3千(qian)(qian)克,国(guo)(guo)际上有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)种牌号有(you)(you)(you)(you)约(yue)1万(wan)种。据中国(guo)(guo)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)材料信息研(yan)究中心统计,2010年(nian)(nian)中国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)市(shi)场份(fen)额占全球的(de)(de)(de)30.8%,超(chao)越美国(guo)(guo)和欧洲成为(wei)世界最大的(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)国(guo)(guo)。2010年(nian)(nian)中国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量约(yue)为(wei)47万(wan)吨(dun)(折硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)氧烷),产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)量40万(wan)吨(dun)(含再(zai)生(sheng)3万(wan)吨(dun)),净进口(kou)约(yue)10万(wan)吨(dun),对(dui)外(wai)依(yi)存度(du)超(chao)过(guo)20%。  有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)权威(wei)专家(jia)、有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)终(zhong)身成就奖获(huo)得者傅积(ji)赉说(shuo):“我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)许多高(gao)附(fu)加值的(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)仍然依(yi)赖进口(kou)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下游(you)(you)市(shi)场存在(zai)的(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)要问题(ti)是(shi)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)种牌号偏少,高(gao)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)质(zhi)和功(gong)能(neng)性(xing)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)开(kai)发(fa)(fa)不(bu)足。在(zai)相当多的(de)(de)(de)高(gao)新技术(shu)应(ying)用领域,仍以采用国(guo)(guo)外(wai)公司提(ti)供(gong)的(de)(de)(de)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)为(wei)主(zhu),本(ben)土(tu)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)很难插足,特别(bie)是(shi)高(gao)利润的(de)(de)(de)下游(you)(you)深(shen)加工产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)依(yi)赖进口(kou)。 “十一五”期(qi)间(jian),我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量保(bao)持(chi)了15%~20%的(de)(de)(de)增长(zhang),远远高(gao)于全球4%~5%的(de)(de)(de)增长(zhang)速(su)度(du)。预计“十二五”期(qi)间(jian),我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量还会保(bao)持(chi)15%左右的(de)(de)(de)增长(zhang)。随(sui)着(zhe)应(ying)用的(de)(de)(de)普及,有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)已(yi)(yi)经(jing)(jing)从特种化学品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)向通(tong)用化学品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)转变,企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)应(ying)抓(zhua)住机(ji)(ji)(ji)遇(yu),积(ji)极(ji)开(kai)发(fa)(fa)新产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)。 对(dui)于具体(ti)(ti)如(ru)何延伸产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)链开(kai)发(fa)(fa)下游(you)(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin),专家(jia)给...
为(wei)了(le)确(que)保“十(shi)一五”节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)目标(biao)(biao)的(de)实现,银行(xing)(xing)近日出台多(duo)项信(xin)(xin)贷措施(shi)加(jia)强对(dui)(dui)节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)工作的(de)支(zhi)持,防范“两高一剩(sheng)”行(xing)(xing)业(ye)的(de)信(xin)(xin)贷风险(xian)。银行(xing)(xing)近日制(zhi)定颁布了(le)《支(zhi)持节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)信(xin)(xin)贷指引(yin),称将加(jia)大节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)信(xin)(xin)贷支(zhi)持力(li)度(du),大力(li)推行(xing)(xing)“绿色信(xin)(xin)贷”。银行(xing)(xing)倡(chang)导节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)不仅源(yuan)于商(shang)业(ye)需求,也是为(wei)了(le)贯彻国(guo)务院(yuan)5月上(shang)旬节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)工作会(hui)议对(dui)(dui)“十(shi)一五”节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)目标(biao)(biao)的(de)要(yao)(yao)求。我国(guo)《“十(shi)一五”国(guo)民经济和社(she)会(hui)发展(zhan)规(gui)划(hua)》中提出,到2010年(nian)单位GDP能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)耗(hao)比(bi)2005年(nian)降低20%左(zuo)右、主要(yao)(yao)污染物排(pai)(pai)放总(zong)量减(jian)少10%的(de)约束(shu)性(xing)目标(biao)(biao)。但是,“十(shi)一五”前四年(nian),全国(guo)单位国(guo)内生产总(zong)值能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)耗(hao)累计仅下(xia)降14.38%。而今(jin)年(nian)是“十(shi)一五”的(de)最后一年(nian),来自多(duo)方消息称,完成(cheng)这(zhei)一目标(biao)(biao)难度(du)颇大。为(wei)此,国(guo)务院(yuan)召开节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)工作会(hui)议,对(dui)(dui)加(jia)大淘汰(tai)落后产能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)力(li)度(du)、严控“高耗(hao)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)、高污染”行(xing)(xing)业(ye)过快(kuai)增长(zhang)、加(jia)快(kuai)实施(shi)节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)排(pai)(pai)重点工程等提出明确(que)要(yao)(yao)求。
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