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MTP 催(cui)化(hua)剂

发布AG真人厅官网 2017-06-06
点击次数 201

技术介绍

MTP 催化剂


测试数据

工业规(gui)模下的测试条件(jian)对比

2014年7月,单台装填(tian) 150吨催化剂的(de) MTP装置顺(shun)利开车(che),左(zuo)图数据为 NOVEL催化(hua)剂(ji)与参(can)比(bi)催化(hua)剂(ji)在(zai)相近的工(gong)业(ye)真实反应(ying)(ying)条件(jian)下(xia)的对比(bi)数据。从右图可(ke)以看出,在(zai)反应(ying)(ying)器甲(jia)醇进料(liao)量、循环烃进料(liao)量相近时,装填有(you) NOVEL催化(hua)剂(ji)与参(can)比(bi)催化(hua)剂(ji)的反应(ying)(ying)器出口温度相近,表明(ming)NOVEL催化(hua)剂(ji)与现(xian)有(you)固定床(chuang)工(gong)艺(yi)具(ju)有(you)高度匹配性。

MTP 催化剂

工业规(gui)模下(xia)的测试结果对(dui)比


运行(xing)结果表明(ming),与参(can)比(bi)(bi)催化(hua)剂(ji)相(xiang)比(bi)(bi),NOVEL催化(hua)剂(ji)反应器出口丙烯含量(liang)提高 4.3%,出(chu)口甲(jia)(jia)烷含量(liang)下(xia)(xia)降24.8%,吨(dun)丙烯甲(jia)(jia)醇单耗(hao)下(xia)(xia) 降 1.6%,表明 NOVEL催化剂(ji)具有更高丙烯收率。


NOVEL催化剂单程运(yun)行AG真人厅官网 500-700小(xiao)时(shi),总寿命约 8000小(xiao)时(shi)。


经济性能

NOVEL-MTP催化剂由于降低了产物中燃料气、乙烯、液化气等产品收率,提高了产品中丙烯、混合芳烃的收率,与参比催化剂相比,甲醇价值提高了约 43元/吨 ,以甲醇进料量为 167万吨 / 年的煤制丙烯项目为例,除降低催化(hua)剂成(cheng)本外(wai),至少可提高经济效益 7000万元。


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据交(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)商和(he)分(fen)析师(shi)预计,荷兰皇(huang)(huang)(huang)家(jia)壳牌(pai)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)(ying)国(guo)(guo)天(tian)然气(qi)集团(BG)的(de)(de)(de)并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)很可能(neng)(neng)(neng)是大(da)型能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)兼(jian)并(bing)(bing)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)大(da)潮的(de)(de)(de)开端,大(da)型油(you)(you)(you)企(qi)通(tong)常都会(hui)在(zai)油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)低迷时(shi)期以(yi)(yi)这(zhei)(zhei)种方式来(lai)降低生产(chan)和(he)勘(kan)探成本。历(li)(li)史告诉(su)我们,判(pan)断油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)是否触(chu)底(di)的(de)(de)(de)窍(qiao)门之(zhi)一(yi)是业内(nei)是否发生多宗高额(e)并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)重(zhong)组交(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)。荷兰皇(huang)(huang)(huang)家(jia)壳牌(pai)高达700亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元的(de)(de)(de)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)令部(bu)(bu)分(fen)投资(zi)者(zhe)猜测(ce),上(shang)世(shi)纪(ji)90年代(dai)(dai)的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)业大(da)洗牌(pai)的(de)(de)(de)历(li)(li)史将(jiang)重(zhong)演,当(dang)前油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)距离底(di)部(bu)(bu)已经不远。在(zai)上(shang)世(shi)纪(ji)90年代(dai)(dai)晚期,能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)业多次发生大(da)规模并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)重(zhong)组交(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)。英(ying)(ying)国(guo)(guo)石(shi)(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)公(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)在(zai)1998年以(yi)(yi)560亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)(le)美(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)石(shi)(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)公(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)(Amoco),埃克(ke)森于同年12月(yue)出(chu)(chu)(chu)资(zi)800亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)石(shi)(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)。仅(jin)在(zai)数(shu)周之(zhi)后(hou),布(bu)伦特油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)就(jiu)触(chu)底(di)跌(die)(die)至每桶9.55美(mei)(mei)元。此(ci)后(hou),油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)开始回(hui)升(sheng),能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)行业还相继出(chu)(chu)(chu)现几宗大(da)规模企(qi)业并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)案。和(he)现在(zai)一(yi)样,当(dang)年的(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)生产(chan)商也在(zai)为(wei)(wei)争夺市场份额(e)而激烈(lie)搏(bo)杀,低效(xiao)高成本的(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)被迫退出(chu)(chu)(chu)市场。国(guo)(guo)际油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)在(zai)14个月(yue)内(nei)暴跌(die)(die)50%。弱(ruo)肉强(qiang)食的(de)(de)(de)局面如今再度出(chu)(chu)(chu)现,美(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)钻机数(shu)量(liang)在(zai)短(duan)(duan)短(duan)(duan)四个月(yue)内(nei)几乎减少(shao)了(le)(le)一(yi)半。荷兰皇(huang)(huang)(huang)家(jia)壳牌(pai)周三宣布(bu)以(yi)(yi)470亿(yi)英(ying)(ying)镑现金(jin)加(jia)股票(约和(he)700亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)(ying)国(guo)(guo)天(tian)然气(qi)集团,成为(wei)(wei)历(li)(li)史上(shang)仅(jin)次于埃克(ke)森并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)行业并(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)案。通(tong)过这(zhei)(zhei)宗交(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)易(yi),壳牌(pai)能(neng)(neng)(neng)够(gou)使公(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)石(shi)(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)和(he)天(tian)然气(qi)储备量(liang)增加(jia)28%,从而节省通(tong)过勘(kan)探来(lai)提升(sheng)储备的(de)(de)(de)资(zi)金(jin)。在(zai)此(ci)之(zhi)前,全球(qiu)油(you)(you)(you)田服务巨(ju)头哈里(li)(li)伯顿(dun)(Halliburton)以(yi)(yi)350亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)(le)竞争对手贝克(ke)休斯(Baker Hughes)。西班牙(ya)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)公(gong)(gong)(gong)司(si)雷普(pu)索尔(Repsol of Spain)去年耗资(zi)83亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)(le)加(jia)拿大(da)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)企(qi)业加(jia)拿大(da)塔里(li)(li)斯曼能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(Talisman Energy of Canada)。当(dang)然,并(bing)(bing)非(fei)所(suo)有人都会(hui)认为(wei)(wei)油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)已徘(pai)徊在(zai)底(di)部(bu)(bu)。上(shang)世(shi)纪(ji)80年代(dai)(dai),杜(du)邦(DuPont)买下了(le)(le)康菲(fei)石(shi)(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(Conoco),随(sui)后(hou)就(jiu)发生了(le)(le)1986年的(de)(de)(de)油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)崩(beng)盘(pan)。
新兴需(xu)求烯烃(ting)装置(zhi)年底集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)投产令甲(jia)醇(chun)期货一(yi)(yi)(yi)度(du)(du)燃(ran)起上涨的(de)(de)(de)(de)希望(wang),怎奈生(sheng)不(bu)(bu)逢(feng)时,处在(zai)国(guo)际(ji)(ji)原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)断崖式下(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)的(de)(de)(de)(de)背(bei)景下(xia)(xia),负面因素(su)骤起不(bu)(bu)但(dan)淹没了(le)此前的(de)(de)(de)(de)看涨呼声(sheng),而(er)(er)(er)(er)且冲击了(le)市(shi)场(chang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)做多信心。自月(yue)底以来(lai),甲(jia)醇(chun)期货转入快速(su)下(xia)(xia)探模式。截至昨(zuo)日收盘(pan),1505合(he)约(yue)累计跌(die)(die)幅已达18.54%,而(er)(er)(er)(er)1506合(he)约(yue)跌(die)(die)幅也(ye)有17.31%。尽管(guan)短期甲(jia)醇(chun)不(bu)(bu)断积聚(ju)超跌(die)(die)反弹(dan)动力,但(dan)由(you)(you)于(yu)缺(que)乏利多支撑(cheng),预(yu)计跌(die)(die)势尚未完结。  原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)失去最(zui)后(hou)一(yi)(yi)(yi)根救命稻草  随着欧佩(pei)(pei)克(ke)组织(zhi)在(zai)月(yue)底宣(xuan)布维持现(xian)有产能(neng)不(bu)(bu)变后(hou),国(guo)际(ji)(ji)油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)失去了(le)最(zui)后(hou)一(yi)(yi)(yi)根救命稻草,油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)企(qi)稳无望(wang)转而(er)(er)(er)(er)再度(du)(du)暴跌(die)(die)。而(er)(er)(er)(er)国(guo)际(ji)(ji)能(neng)源署(EIA)非但(dan)不(bu)(bu)“保(bao)驾勤王”,反而(er)(er)(er)(er)“落井下(xia)(xia)石(shi)”,导致油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)加速(su)下(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)。  IEA在(zai)上周五(wu)公布的(de)(de)(de)(de)月(yue)度(du)(du)石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)市(shi)场(chang)报(bao)告(gao)中(zhong)(zhong)指出,原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)可能(neng)面临进一(yi)(yi)(yi)步下(xia)(xia)行(xing)压(ya)力。其(qi)(qi)中(zhong)(zhong),非欧佩(pei)(pei)克(ke)产油(you)(you)(you)(you)国(guo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)供应增(zeng)长会(hui)使全球油(you)(you)(you)(you)市(shi)供大于(yu)求矛(mao)盾加剧,预(yu)计供应过(guo)剩量(liang)约(yue)为(wei)(wei)(wei)120万(wan)(wan)桶/天(tian)。而(er)(er)(er)(er)且,IEA还将2015年全球石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)日需(xu)求增(zeng)量(liang)预(yu)期下(xia)(xia)调(diao)23万(wan)(wan)桶,至90万(wan)(wan)桶。这为(wei)(wei)(wei)近五(wu)个(ge)月(yue)来(lai)EIA第四(si)次下(xia)(xia)调(diao)2015年需(xu)求。  毋(wu)庸置(zhi)疑,目前原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)供需(xu)失衡趋(qu)于(yu)恶化已经成为(wei)(wei)(wei)引领油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)大幅下(xia)(xia)挫(cuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)根本因素(su)。而(er)(er)(er)(er)作为(wei)(wei)(wei)能(neng)源龙头,原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)重挫(cuo)间(jian)接对天(tian)然气(qi)价(jia)(jia)(jia)格(ge)(ge)产生(sheng)巨大压(ya)力,天(tian)然气(qi)价(jia)(jia)(jia)格(ge)(ge)跟跌(die)(die)现(xian)象明显。海(hai)外(wai)甲(jia)醇(chun)由(you)(you)于(yu)主要以天(tian)然气(qi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)原(yuan)料,报(bao)价(jia)(jia)(jia)在(zai)近十(shi)日也(ye)呈现(xian)快速(su)下(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)状态。其(qi)(qi)中(zhong)(zhong),甲(jia)醇(chun)FOB美国(guo)海(hai)湾报(bao)价(jia)(jia)(jia)跌(die)(die)幅达9.45%,而(er)(er)(er)(er)CFR中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)主港则下(xia)(xia)挫(cuo)9.97%。目前来(lai)看,在(zai)原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)加速(su)下(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)的(de)(de)(de)(de)背(bei)景下(xia)(xia),甲(jia)醇(chun)价(jia)(jia)(jia)格(ge)(ge)企(qi)稳缺(que)乏支撑(cheng)。
甲(jia)醇制(zhi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(Methanol to Olefins,MTO)和甲(jia)醇制(zhi)丙(bing)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(Methanol to Propylene)是两个重要(yao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)C1化(hua)(hua)工新(xin)(xin)工艺(yi)(yi)(yi), 是指(zhi)以(yi)(yi)煤(mei)或天(tian)然(ran)气合成的(de)(de)(de)(de)甲(jia)醇为(wei)原料,借助类(lei)似催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)裂化(hua)(hua)装置的(de)(de)(de)(de)流化(hua)(hua)床反(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)形式(shi),生产(chan)低(di)碳(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)化(hua)(hua)工技术(shu)。  上世纪(ji)七十年代美(mei)国Mobil公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)(si)在研究甲(jia)醇使用ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)为(wei)其(qi)它(ta)(ta)含氧化(hua)(hua)合物(wu)时,发现了甲(jia)醇制(zhi)汽油(Methanol to Gasoline,MTG)反(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)。1979年,新(xin)(xin)西兰政府利用天(tian)然(ran)气建成了全球首套MTG装置,其(qi)能(neng)力(li)为(wei)75万吨/年,1985年投(tou)(tou)入(ru)运行,后因(yin)经济原因(yin)停产(chan)。  从MTG反(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)机理分析,低(di)碳(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)是MTG反(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)的(de)(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)间(jian)产(chan)物(wu),因(yin)而MTG工艺(yi)(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)发成功促进了MTO工艺(yi)(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)发。国际(ji)上的(de)(de)(de)(de)一些知(zhi)名石(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)(si),如(ru)Mobil、BASF、UOP、Norsk Hydro等(deng)公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)(si)都投(tou)(tou)入(ru)巨(ju)资进行技术(shu)开(kai)发。  Mobil公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)(si)以(yi)(yi)该公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)(si)开(kai)发的(de)(de)(de)(de)ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂为(wei)基(ji)础,最早研究甲(jia)醇转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)为(wei)乙(yi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)和其(qi)它(ta)(ta)低(di)碳(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)工作,然(ran)而,取得(de)突(tu)破性进展的(de)(de)(de)(de)是UOP和Norsk Hydro两公(gong)(gong)司(si)(si)(si)合作开(kai)发的(de)(de)(de)(de)以(yi)(yi)UOP MTO-100为(wei)催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂的(de)(de)(de)(de)UOP/Hydro的(de)(de)(de)(de)MTO工艺(yi)(yi)(yi)。  国内科研机构,如(ru)中(zhong)科院大(da)连(lian)(lian)化(hua)(hua)物(wu)所(suo)、石(shi)(shi)油大(da)学、中(zhong)国石(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)石(shi)(shi)油化(hua)(hua)工科学研究院等(deng)亦开(kai)展了类(lei)似工作。其(qi)中(zhong)大(da)连(lian)(lian)化(hua)(hua)物(wu)所(suo)开(kai)发的(de)(de)(de)(de)合成气经二(er)甲(jia)醚制(zhi)低(di)碳(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)工艺(yi)(yi)(yi)路(lu)线(SDTO)具独创性,与传统(tong)合成气经甲(jia)醇制(zhi)低(di)碳(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)MTO相比(bi)较(jiao),CO转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)率高,达90%以(yi)(yi)上,建设投(tou)(tou)资和操作费(fei)用节省(sheng)50%~80%。当采用D0123催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂时产(chan)品(pin)以(yi)(yi)乙(yi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)为(wei)主(zhu),当使用D0300催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂是产(chan)品(pin)以(yi)(yi)丙(bing)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)为(wei)主(zhu)。一、催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)反(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)机理  MTO及MTG的(de)(de)(de)(de)反(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)历程主(zhu)反(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)为(wei):  2CH3OH→C2H4+2H2O  3CH3OH→C3H6+3H2O  甲(jia)醇首先脱水(shui)为(wei)二(er)甲(jia)醚(DME),形成的(de)(de)(de)(de)平衡混合物(wu)包括甲(jia)醇、二(er)甲(jia)醚和水(shui),然(ran)后转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)为(wei)低(di)碳(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting),低(di)碳(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)通过(guo)氢转(zhuan)移、烷基(ji)化(hua)(hua)和缩聚反(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)生成烷...
近期,有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二(er)五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展规(gui)划宣贯(guan)大(da)会(hui)在北京(jing)召开。中(zhong)国(guo)石油和(he)(he)化(hua)学工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联(lian)(lian)合(he)会(hui)会(hui)长(zhang)(zhang)李(li)勇(yong)武表示,“十(shi)二(er)五(wu)(wu)”期间(jian),有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要加快转变发(fa)(fa)展方(fang)式,大(da)力(li)推进(jin)(jin)结(jie)(jie)构调(diao)整(zheng)、技术(shu)(shu)创新(xin)和(he)(he)节(jie)能(neng)减排(pai),逐步建立(li)起(qi)绿色、低(di)碳(tan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)现代产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体系,不断(duan)提高(gao)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)核心竞争力(li)。     李(li)勇(yong)武指出(chu),“十(shi)二(er)五(wu)(wu)”时期我(wo)国(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)既面临(lin)难(nan)得的(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)展机(ji)(ji)(ji)遇,也(ye)(ye)面临(lin)着严(yan)(yan)峻(jun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)挑战(zhan)(zhan)。一方(fang)面,我(wo)国(guo)经济(ji)长(zhang)(zhang)期向好为有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创造(zao)了巨大(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)市场空间(jian)。国(guo)家鼓(gu)励发(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)(de)(de)七大(da)战(zhan)(zhan)略性(xing)(xing)新(xin)兴产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),也(ye)(ye)对有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提供了新(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)需(xu)求。另(ling)一方(fang)面,制约有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)(de)(de)深(shen)层次矛(mao)盾依然突出(chu)。一是(shi)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结(jie)(jie)构不合(he)理。我(wo)国(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单体企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)数量多、规(gui)模小,产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)(ji)中(zhong)度偏低(di);下游产(chan)品(pin)(pin)品(pin)(pin)种(zhong)数量少,同质化(hua)严(yan)(yan)重,附加值偏低(di),高(gao)档产(chan)品(pin)(pin)依赖进(jin)(jin)口。二(er)是(shi)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创新(xin)能(neng)力(li)普遍较弱,在关键(jian)、共性(xing)(xing)技术(shu)(shu)上(shang)受(shou)(shou)制于(yu)人(ren)。三(san)是(shi)安全环保形(xing)势仍(reng)然严(yan)(yan)峻(jun),产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)可持(chi)续发(fa)(fa)展能(neng)力(li)受(shou)(shou)到(dao)(dao)制约。     李(li)勇(yong)武强(qiang)调(diao),“十(shi)二(er)五(wu)(wu)”时期,有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要把战(zhan)(zhan)略重心放(fang)在调(diao)结(jie)(jie)构、转方(fang)式上(shang)来,提高(gao)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)准入门槛和(he)(he)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)(ji)中(zhong)度,鼓(gu)励发(fa)(fa)展先进(jin)(jin)技术(shu)(shu)和(he)(he)产(chan)品(pin)(pin),淘(tao)汰落后的(de)(de)(de)(de)技术(shu)(shu)和(he)(he)产(chan)品(pin)(pin),加快转型(xing)(xing)(xing)升级(ji),走低(di)投入、低(di)消耗、低(di)排(pai)放(fang)、高(gao)效益的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)型(xing)(xing)(xing)工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)道路。     工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)信息化(hua)部原材料司副司长(zhang)(zhang)宋显(xian)珠在会(hui)上(shang)表示,国(guo)家发(fa)(fa)改委公布的(de)(de)(de)(de)《产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结(jie)(jie)构调(diao)整(zheng)指导目录(2011年本)》,将苯基氯(lv)硅(gui)烷、乙烯基氯(lv)硅(gui)烷等(deng)新(xin)型(xing)(xing)(xing)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单体,特种(zhong)硅(gui)油,高(gao)性(xing)(xing)能(neng)硅(gui)橡胶和(he)(he)硅(gui)树(shu)脂,高(gao)效偶(ou)联(lian)(lian)剂等(deng)列(lie)入了鼓(gu)励类目录。工信部目前(qian)正在编制的(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)材料“十(shi)二(er)五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展规(gui)划,也(ye)(ye)涉及(ji)到(dao)(dao)高(gao)性(xing)(xing)能(neng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)材料。这(zhei)无(wu)疑(yi)为有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)展提供了良好的(de)(de)(de)(de)政策环境。
据悉(xi),工(gong)(gong)(gong)信部(bu)已完(wan)成《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)五”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规划》文本(ben)(ben),并(bing)对该(gai)文本(ben)(ben)进(jin)行(xing)了(le)初步(bu)介绍和(he)解(jie)析。工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)信息化(hua)部(bu)原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)副(fu)司(si)长高(gao)云虎(hu)(hu)透露(lu),“十二(er)五”期间中国(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)预计总产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值将达2万(wan)亿元(yuan),年(nian)均增长率(lv)超过25%;到(dao)2020年(nian),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将成为国(guo)民(min)经济的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)先导产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),主要产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品能(neng)(neng)满足国(guo)民(min)经济和(he)国(guo)防建(jian)设(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)需要。    据工(gong)(gong)(gong)信部(bu)原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)副(fu)司(si)长高(gao)云虎(hu)(hu)在本(ben)(ben)届(jie)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)国(guo)际展(zhan)览会上的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)解(jie)析,工(gong)(gong)(gong)信部(bu)已完(wan)成的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)五”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规划》文本(ben)(ben)明确提出,到(dao)2015年(nian),建(jian)立起具有一(yi)定自主创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)、规模较大(da)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配(pei)套(tao)齐(qi)(qi)全的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体系,突(tu)破一(yi)批(pi)国(guo)家建(jian)设(she)急需、引领(ling)未来(lai)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)关(guan)键(jian)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)和(he)技(ji)术(shu),培育(yu)一(yi)批(pi)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)强(qiang)、具有核(he)(he)心竞争力(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)骨(gu)干(gan)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),形(xing)成一(yi)批(pi)布(bu)局合理、特色鲜明、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集聚的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地,新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)对材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构调整和(he)升级换代(dai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)带动作用进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)增强(qiang)。        2015年(nian)我国(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)总产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值达2万(wan)亿元(yuan),实现年(nian)均增长率(lv)超过25%,同(tong)时还要具有相当高(gao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)。企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发(fa)(fa)投入(ru)(ru)明显增加(jia),重点(dian)(dian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发(fa)(fa)投入(ru)(ru)占(zhan)销售(shou)收入(ru)(ru)比达到(dao)5%。国(guo)家将大(da)力(li)支持并(bing)建(jian)成一(yi)批(pi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程技(ji)术(shu)公共服务(wu)平台。 打造10个(ge)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)强(qiang)、具有核(he)(he)心竞争力(li)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销售(shou)收入(ru)(ru)超过150亿元(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)综合龙头企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),培育(yu)20个(ge)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销售(shou)收入(ru)(ru)超过50亿元(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)性骨(gu)干(gan)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),建(jian)成若(ruo)(ruo)干(gan)主业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)突(tu)出、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配(pei)套(tao)齐(qi)(qi)全、年(nian)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值超过300亿元(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地和(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集群。加(jia)大(da)我国(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)综合保(bao)障能(neng)(neng)力(li)。新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品综合保(bao)障能(neng)(neng)力(li)提高(gao)到(dao)70%,关(guan)键(jian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)保(bao)障能(neng)(neng)力(li)达到(dao)50%,实现碳(tan)纤维、钛(tai)合金、耐蚀钢(gang)、先进(jin)储能(neng)(neng)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、半导体材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、膜材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、丁基(ji)橡胶、聚碳(tan)酸酯等关(guan)键(jian)品种(zhong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)、规模化(hua)。推广(guang)30个(ge)重点(dian)(dian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)品种(zhong),实施若(ruo)(ruo)干(gan)示范推广(guang)应(ying)用工(gong)(gong)(gong)程。      ...
第四届国际(ji)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)峰会的(de)(de)(de)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)官员和(he)业(ye)(ye)内(nei)人士指出(chu)(chu),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国已成(cheng)为(wei)全(quan)球(qiu)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)领(ling)域(yu)最(zui)重要的(de)(de)(de)市场(chang),而化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)产业(ye)(ye)将在(zai)(zai)“十二五(wu)”期(qi)间迎来一个(ge)全(quan)新(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)发展阶段,为(wei)节能(neng)减排(pai)和(he)科技(ji)创新(xin)(xin)提供支(zhi)持。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国石(shi)油和(he)化(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)(xue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)联(lian)合会会长李(li)(li)勇(yong)武(wu)指出(chu)(chu),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国在(zai)(zai)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)开发上涌现(xian)(xian)出(chu)(chu)非常(chang)多成(cheng)果(guo)。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国2010年石(shi)油化(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)(xue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)总(zong)销售额达(da)到(dao)8.88万(wan)亿,居世(shi)界第二,而这个(ge)数字到(dao)“十二五(wu)”末期(qi)将达(da)到(dao)16万(wan)亿。其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)可(ke)发展空(kong)间最(zui)广,需(xu)(xu)求(qiu)最(zui)旺盛。李(li)(li)勇(yong)武(wu)表(biao)(biao)示(shi),“十二五(wu)”期(qi)间也是中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国开展的(de)(de)(de)大飞(fei)机、新(xin)(xin)能(neng)源汽车、现(xian)(xian)代轨道交通等(deng)重大工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程项(xiang)目及战略性(xing)新(xin)(xin)型产业(ye)(ye)快(kuai)速发展的(de)(de)(de)时期(qi),对化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)都(dou)提出(chu)(chu)了很高的(de)(de)(de)需(xu)(xu)求(qiu)和(he)技(ji)术要求(qiu)。世(shi)界经济论坛全(quan)球(qiu)化(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)(xue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)总(zong)监安(an)德(de)(de)鲁(lu)·海根指出(chu)(chu),21世(shi)纪是一个(ge)轻量化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)世(shi)纪,也是化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)发展的(de)(de)(de)方向。化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)将在(zai)(zai)整(zheng)个(ge)环境(jing)和(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)发展过(guo)程中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)起到(dao)非常(chang)关键的(de)(de)(de)联(lian)系和(he)作用(yong)。然而李(li)(li)勇(yong)武(wu)也强调,目前(qian)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)还面临(lin)着企业(ye)(ye)规(gui)模小、集(ji)约创新(xin)(xin)能(neng)力不强、科技(ji)成(cheng)果(guo)应(ying)用(yong)与产业(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)能(neng)力不足、部(bu)分(fen)产品重复建设严重等(deng)问(wen)题(ti),需(xu)(xu)要警惕在(zai)(zai)低端(duan)产品上出(chu)(chu)现(xian)(xian)产能(neng)过(guo)剩等(deng)问(wen)题(ti)。为(wei)期(qi)两天(tian)的(de)(de)(de)第四届国际(ji)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)峰会由中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)集(ji)团公司、成(cheng)都(dou)市人民政府(fu)(fu)、德(de)(de)国化(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)(xue)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程与生物技(ji)术协(xie)(xie)会等(deng)联(lian)合主办,吸引(yin)了来自政府(fu)(fu)、企业(ye)(ye)、行(xing)业(ye)(ye)协(xie)(xie)会、科研院(yuan)所和(he)投(tou)资领(ling)域(yu)的(de)(de)(de)300余名代表(biao)(biao)出(chu)(chu)席。论坛将集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)探(tan)讨推动新(xin)(xin)能(neng)源与改(gai)善(shan)环境(jing)、化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)应(ying)用(yong)前(qian)景和(he)产业(ye)(ye)升(sheng)级(ji)转型等(deng)重要话题(ti)。
我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)将(jiang)出(chu)(chu)现(xian)阶(jie)段性过(guo)(guo)(guo)剩,一(yi)直以(yi)来供不(bu)应求的(de)(de)(de)(de)局面将(jiang)出(chu)(chu)现(xian)逆转,缺乏(fa)竞争力的(de)(de)(de)(de)单体(ti)(ti)(ti)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)企(qi)(qi)业将(jiang)面临生存(cun)困(kun)难;而有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)(you)高(gao)端(duan)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)尚需进(jin)口(kou)(kou),市场缺口(kou)(kou)较(jiao)大,消(xiao)(xiao)化单体(ti)(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)出(chu)(chu)路在于(yu)开(kai)发下(xia)游(you)(you)精(jing)细(xi)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin),延(yan)伸产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业链,提高(gao)附加(jia)值(zhi)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)深(shen)加(jia)工将(jiang)是未来企(qi)(qi)业发展的(de)(de)(de)(de)必由之(zhi)路。 我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)(ti)(ti)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)走过(guo)(guo)(guo)了从基本依(yi)(yi)(yi)赖进(jin)口(kou)(kou),到(dao)自给率逐步(bu)提高(gao),直至产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)过(guo)(guo)(guo)剩的(de)(de)(de)(de)历程(cheng)。上(shang)世(shi)(shi)纪末,我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)还(hai)只(zhi)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)一(yi)套(tao)万(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)级有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)(ti)(ti)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)装(zhuang)置。随(sui)着(zhe)技术瓶颈的(de)(de)(de)(de)突(tu)破和反倾销的(de)(de)(de)(de)成(cheng)功,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)出(chu)(chu)现(xian)了井喷(pen)式增(zeng)长。2002年(nian)我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)仅为(wei)(wei)(wei)10万(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun),2009年(nian)已(yi)经(jing)(jing)达到(dao)100万(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun),预计(ji)2012年(nian)将(jiang)达到(dao)200万(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)。目(mu)前我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)(ti)(ti)已(yi)经(jing)(jing)出(chu)(chu)现(xian)阶(jie)段性过(guo)(guo)(guo)剩。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)发展前景十分广阔,目(mu)前发达国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家人(ren)均消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)3千(qian)克,而我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)仅为(wei)(wei)(wei)0.3千(qian)克,国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)际(ji)上(shang)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)种(zhong)牌号有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)约(yue)1万(wan)(wan)(wan)种(zhong)。据(ju)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)材料信息研究中(zhong)心统计(ji),2010年(nian)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)市场份额(e)占全(quan)(quan)球的(de)(de)(de)(de)30.8%,超(chao)越美国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)和欧洲成(cheng)为(wei)(wei)(wei)世(shi)(shi)界最大的(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)。2010年(nian)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)约(yue)为(wei)(wei)(wei)47万(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(折硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)氧烷),产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)量(liang)40万(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(含再生3万(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)),净(jing)进(jin)口(kou)(kou)约(yue)10万(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun),对外依(yi)(yi)(yi)存(cun)度(du)超(chao)过(guo)(guo)(guo)20%。  有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)行(xing)业权威专家、有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)终(zhong)身成(cheng)就奖获得者傅积(ji)赉说(shuo):“我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)许多高(gao)附加(jia)值(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)仍然依(yi)(yi)(yi)赖进(jin)口(kou)(kou)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)(you)市场存(cun)在的(de)(de)(de)(de)主要问题(ti)是品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)种(zhong)牌号偏少(shao),高(gao)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)质和功能(neng)性产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)开(kai)发不(bu)足。在相当多的(de)(de)(de)(de)高(gao)新技术应用领(ling)域(yu),仍以(yi)采用国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)外公司提供的(de)(de)(de)(de)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)为(wei)(wei)(wei)主,本土企(qi)(qi)业很难插足,特别是高(gao)利润的(de)(de)(de)(de)下(xia)游(you)(you)深(shen)加(jia)工产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)依(yi)(yi)(yi)赖进(jin)口(kou)(kou)。 “十一(yi)五(wu)(wu)”期间(jian),我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)保(bao)(bao)持了15%~20%的(de)(de)(de)(de)增(zeng)长,远远高(gao)于(yu)全(quan)(quan)球4%~5%的(de)(de)(de)(de)增(zeng)长速度(du)。预计(ji)“十二五(wu)(wu)”期间(jian),我(wo)(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)还(hai)会保(bao)(bao)持15%左右的(de)(de)(de)(de)增(zeng)长。随(sui)着(zhe)应用的(de)(de)(de)(de)普(pu)及,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)已(yi)经(jing)(jing)从特种(zhong)化学品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)向通用化学品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)转变,企(qi)(qi)业应抓住机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)遇,积(ji)极开(kai)发新产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)。 对于(yu)具体(ti)(ti)(ti)如何延(yan)伸产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业链开(kai)发下(xia)游(you)(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin),专家给...
为了确保(bao)“十一(yi)五(wu)”节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)目(mu)(mu)(mu)标的实(shi)现,银行(xing)(xing)(xing)近日出台多项信(xin)(xin)贷(dai)措施加(jia)(jia)强对节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)工作(zuo)的支持(chi),防范“两高一(yi)剩”行(xing)(xing)(xing)业(ye)的信(xin)(xin)贷(dai)风险。银行(xing)(xing)(xing)近日制定颁布了《支持(chi)节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)信(xin)(xin)贷(dai)指引,称(cheng)(cheng)将加(jia)(jia)大节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)信(xin)(xin)贷(dai)支持(chi)力度,大力推行(xing)(xing)(xing)“绿色信(xin)(xin)贷(dai)”。银行(xing)(xing)(xing)倡(chang)导节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)不仅(jin)源于(yu)商业(ye)需求,也是为了贯(guan)彻国务(wu)院5月(yue)上旬节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)工作(zuo)会(hui)议对“十一(yi)五(wu)”节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)目(mu)(mu)(mu)标的要(yao)(yao)求。我国《“十一(yi)五(wu)”国民(min)经(jing)济和社会(hui)发展规划》中提出,到2010年单位GDP能(neng)(neng)耗比2005年降低(di)20%左右、主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)污染(ran)物(wu)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)放总量(liang)减(jian)(jian)少10%的约束(shu)性目(mu)(mu)(mu)标。但是,“十一(yi)五(wu)”前(qian)四年,全国单位国内生产总值能(neng)(neng)耗累计仅(jin)下降14.38%。而(er)今年是“十一(yi)五(wu)”的最后(hou)一(yi)年,来自多方消息称(cheng)(cheng),完成(cheng)这一(yi)目(mu)(mu)(mu)标难度颇(po)大。为此,国务(wu)院召开节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)工作(zuo)会(hui)议,对加(jia)(jia)大淘汰落后(hou)产能(neng)(neng)力度、严控“高耗能(neng)(neng)、高污染(ran)”行(xing)(xing)(xing)业(ye)过(guo)快(kuai)增长、加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)实(shi)施节能(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)重点(dian)工程等(deng)提出明(ming)确要(yao)(yao)求。
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