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SSZ-13分子筛(shai)

发(fa)布AG真人厅官网 2017-07-06
点(dian)击次数 647

组(zu)成结(jie)构

化学(xue)组成:|Hn| [AlnSimO2(m+n)]-CHA

SSZ-13是CHA结构(gou)的分子筛,具有双六元环、八元环与(yu)四元环构(gou)成的椭球(qiu)形CHA笼以及三维交叉孔(kong)道结构(gou)。

SSZ-13分子筛


技术规格

型号

硅铝比

BET比表面(mian)积, m²/g

形貌

晶粒尺寸, μm

NG-H13-B02M

10-17

>500

块状

0.4-0.8

NG-H13-B03M

17-25

>500

块(kuai)状

0.4-0.8

NG-H13-B04M

25-32

>500

块状

0.4-1.0

SSZ-13分子筛


特征与应用

SSZ-13 具有良好的热稳定性,可用作吸(xi)附剂(ji)或催化剂(ji)的载体,比如空气净化剂(ji)、汽(qi)车尾气催化剂(ji)等(deng)。同(tong)时(shi)SSZ-13 还具有阳离子(zi)交换性和酸性可调(diao)性,因而(er)对多种反(fan)应过程具有很好的催化性能,如甲醇制低碳(tan)烯烃(MTO)、烯烃和芳烃构造反(fan)应、烃类化合(he)物的催化裂(lie)(lie)化和加氢裂(lie)(lie)化等(deng)。


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据(ju)交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)商和(he)分(fen)析师预计,荷(he)兰(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)牌收购(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)国(guo)(guo)(guo)天然(ran)(ran)气集团(BG)的(de)(de)(de)并购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)很可(ke)能(neng)(neng)是大(da)(da)(da)型能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)兼并收购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)大(da)(da)(da)潮的(de)(de)(de)开端(duan),大(da)(da)(da)型油(you)(you)企通常(chang)都会在(zai)(zai)油(you)(you)价低迷(mi)时期(qi)以(yi)这(zhei)(zhei)种(zhong)方式来(lai)降低生(sheng)(sheng)产和(he)勘探成(cheng)本。历史(shi)告诉我(wo)们,判(pan)断油(you)(you)价是否触底(di)(di)的(de)(de)(de)窍门之(zhi)一(yi)(yi)是业(ye)(ye)(ye)内是否发生(sheng)(sheng)多(duo)宗(zong)(zong)高(gao)额并购(gou)(gou)(gou)重组(zu)交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)。荷(he)兰(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)牌高(gao)达(da)700亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)收购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)令部分(fen)投(tou)资(zi)者猜测,上(shang)世纪90年(nian)(nian)(nian)代的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)大(da)(da)(da)洗牌的(de)(de)(de)历史(shi)将重演,当(dang)前(qian)(qian)油(you)(you)价距离底(di)(di)部已经不远。在(zai)(zai)上(shang)世纪90年(nian)(nian)(nian)代晚期(qi),能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)多(duo)次(ci)发生(sheng)(sheng)大(da)(da)(da)规模(mo)并购(gou)(gou)(gou)重组(zu)交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi)。英(ying)国(guo)(guo)(guo)石(shi)油(you)(you)公(gong)司(si)在(zai)(zai)1998年(nian)(nian)(nian)以(yi)560亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)收购(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)美(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)石(shi)油(you)(you)公(gong)司(si)(Amoco),埃克(ke)森(sen)于(yu)同年(nian)(nian)(nian)12月出(chu)(chu)资(zi)800亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)并购(gou)(gou)(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)石(shi)油(you)(you)。仅(jin)在(zai)(zai)数(shu)(shu)周之(zhi)后(hou),布伦(lun)特油(you)(you)价就(jiu)触底(di)(di)跌至每桶9.55美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)。此后(hou),油(you)(you)价开始回升(sheng),能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)还(hai)相继出(chu)(chu)现(xian)(xian)(xian)几(ji)宗(zong)(zong)大(da)(da)(da)规模(mo)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)并购(gou)(gou)(gou)案(an)。和(he)现(xian)(xian)(xian)在(zai)(zai)一(yi)(yi)样,当(dang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)原油(you)(you)生(sheng)(sheng)产商也(ye)在(zai)(zai)为争(zheng)夺市场(chang)份额而(er)激烈搏杀,低效(xiao)高(gao)成(cheng)本的(de)(de)(de)原油(you)(you)被迫退(tui)出(chu)(chu)市场(chang)。国(guo)(guo)(guo)际(ji)油(you)(you)价在(zai)(zai)14个(ge)月内暴跌50%。弱肉强食的(de)(de)(de)局(ju)面(mian)如今再度出(chu)(chu)现(xian)(xian)(xian),美(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)钻机数(shu)(shu)量在(zai)(zai)短(duan)短(duan)四个(ge)月内几(ji)乎减(jian)少了(le)一(yi)(yi)半。荷(he)兰(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)牌周三宣布以(yi)470亿(yi)英(ying)镑(bang)现(xian)(xian)(xian)金(jin)加股票(约和(he)700亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan))收购(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)国(guo)(guo)(guo)天然(ran)(ran)气集团,成(cheng)为历史(shi)上(shang)仅(jin)次(ci)于(yu)埃克(ke)森(sen)并购(gou)(gou)(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)并购(gou)(gou)(gou)案(an)。通过(guo)这(zhei)(zhei)宗(zong)(zong)交(jiao)(jiao)易(yi)(yi),壳(qiao)(qiao)牌能(neng)(neng)够(gou)使公(gong)司(si)石(shi)油(you)(you)和(he)天然(ran)(ran)气储备(bei)量增加28%,从而(er)节省通过(guo)勘探来(lai)提升(sheng)储备(bei)的(de)(de)(de)资(zi)金(jin)。在(zai)(zai)此之(zhi)前(qian)(qian),全球油(you)(you)田(tian)服务(wu)巨头哈里伯顿(Halliburton)以(yi)350亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)收购(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)竞争(zheng)对手贝克(ke)休斯(Baker Hughes)。西班牙能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)公(gong)司(si)雷(lei)普(pu)索尔(Repsol of Spain)去年(nian)(nian)(nian)耗资(zi)83亿(yi)美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)收购(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)加拿(na)大(da)(da)(da)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)加拿(na)大(da)(da)(da)塔里斯曼能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(Talisman Energy of Canada)。当(dang)然(ran)(ran),并非所有人都会认为油(you)(you)价已徘(pai)徊在(zai)(zai)底(di)(di)部。上(shang)世纪80年(nian)(nian)(nian)代,杜邦(DuPont)买下了(le)康(kang)菲石(shi)油(you)(you)(Conoco),随后(hou)就(jiu)发生(sheng)(sheng)了(le)1986年(nian)(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)油(you)(you)价大(da)(da)(da)崩盘。
新兴(xing)需求(qiu)烯烃装置年底(di)集中(zhong)投产(chan)令(ling)甲醇(chun)(chun)期(qi)(qi)货一度(du)燃起上涨(zhang)的(de)(de)(de)希望,怎(zen)奈(nai)生不逢时,处在(zai)国(guo)(guo)际原油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)断(duan)(duan)崖式(shi)下(xia)跌(die)的(de)(de)(de)背景(jing)下(xia),负面(mian)因素骤起不但淹没(mei)了(le)(le)此(ci)前的(de)(de)(de)看涨(zhang)呼声,而(er)且(qie)冲击了(le)(le)市场的(de)(de)(de)做多(duo)信心。自月(yue)(yue)底(di)以(yi)(yi)来(lai),甲醇(chun)(chun)期(qi)(qi)货转入快速(su)(su)下(xia)探模(mo)式(shi)。截至昨(zuo)日收盘,1505合(he)约累计(ji)跌(die)幅(fu)已达18.54%,而(er)1506合(he)约跌(die)幅(fu)也有17.31%。尽管短期(qi)(qi)甲醇(chun)(chun)不断(duan)(duan)积聚超跌(die)反弹动(dong)力,但由(you)于缺乏(fa)利多(duo)支(zhi)(zhi)撑(cheng),预(yu)(yu)计(ji)跌(die)势尚未完结。  原油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)失去最后(hou)(hou)一根救命稻草  随着(zhe)欧佩(pei)克组织在(zai)月(yue)(yue)底(di)宣布(bu)维持(chi)现有产(chan)能不变(bian)后(hou)(hou),国(guo)(guo)际油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)失去了(le)(le)最后(hou)(hou)一根救命稻草,油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)企(qi)稳(wen)无(wu)望转而(er)再度(du)暴跌(die)。而(er)国(guo)(guo)际能源署(EIA)非但不“保驾勤王(wang)”,反而(er)“落(luo)井下(xia)石(shi)”,导(dao)致油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)加速(su)(su)下(xia)跌(die)。  IEA在(zai)上周五(wu)公布(bu)的(de)(de)(de)月(yue)(yue)度(du)石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)市场报(bao)告中(zhong)指(zhi)出,原油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)可能面(mian)临(lin)进一步下(xia)行压力。其(qi)中(zhong),非欧佩(pei)克产(chan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)国(guo)(guo)的(de)(de)(de)石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)供(gong)(gong)应增长会使全球油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)市供(gong)(gong)大于求(qiu)矛盾加剧(ju),预(yu)(yu)计(ji)供(gong)(gong)应过剩(sheng)量约为(wei)(wei)120万桶(tong)/天(tian)(tian)。而(er)且(qie),IEA还将(jiang)2015年全球石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)日需求(qiu)增量预(yu)(yu)期(qi)(qi)下(xia)调23万桶(tong),至90万桶(tong)。这为(wei)(wei)近五(wu)个月(yue)(yue)来(lai)EIA第四次下(xia)调2015年需求(qiu)。  毋庸置疑,目前原油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)供(gong)(gong)需失衡趋于恶化(hua)已经成为(wei)(wei)引(yin)领(ling)油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)(jia)大幅(fu)下(xia)挫的(de)(de)(de)根本因素。而(er)作为(wei)(wei)能源龙头,原油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)重挫间(jian)接对天(tian)(tian)然(ran)气价(jia)(jia)(jia)格产(chan)生巨大压力,天(tian)(tian)然(ran)气价(jia)(jia)(jia)格跟跌(die)现象明显(xian)。海(hai)外甲醇(chun)(chun)由(you)于主要以(yi)(yi)天(tian)(tian)然(ran)气为(wei)(wei)原料,报(bao)价(jia)(jia)(jia)在(zai)近十日也呈现快速(su)(su)下(xia)跌(die)状态。其(qi)中(zhong),甲醇(chun)(chun)FOB美国(guo)(guo)海(hai)湾(wan)报(bao)价(jia)(jia)(jia)跌(die)幅(fu)达9.45%,而(er)CFR中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)主港则下(xia)挫9.97%。目前来(lai)看,在(zai)原油(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)加速(su)(su)下(xia)跌(die)的(de)(de)(de)背景(jing)下(xia),甲醇(chun)(chun)价(jia)(jia)(jia)格企(qi)稳(wen)缺乏(fa)支(zhi)(zhi)撑(cheng)。
甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)制(zhi)(zhi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(ting)(Methanol to Olefins,MTO)和甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)制(zhi)(zhi)丙(bing)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(Methanol to Propylene)是两(liang)个重要的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)C1化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi), 是指以(yi)煤或天(tian)然气(qi)(qi)合(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)原料,借(jie)助(zhu)类似催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)裂化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)装(zhuang)(zhuang)置的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)流化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)床反(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)形(xing)式,生产低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)技术。  上(shang)世纪七十年(nian)(nian)代美(mei)国Mobil公(gong)(gong)司在(zai)研(yan)究甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)使用ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)其它(ta)含氧化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)合(he)(he)物(wu)时(shi),发(fa)(fa)现了(le)(le)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)制(zhi)(zhi)汽油(you)(Methanol to Gasoline,MTG)反(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)。1979年(nian)(nian),新(xin)西(xi)兰(lan)政府(fu)利用天(tian)然气(qi)(qi)建(jian)成(cheng)(cheng)了(le)(le)全(quan)球首(shou)套MTG装(zhuang)(zhuang)置,其能力为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)75万(wan)吨(dun)/年(nian)(nian),1985年(nian)(nian)投(tou)入(ru)运行(xing),后(hou)因(yin)经(jing)(jing)(jing)济原因(yin)停产。  从(cong)MTG反(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)机(ji)(ji)理分析,低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(ting)是MTG反(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)中间产物(wu),因(yin)而MTG工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)成(cheng)(cheng)功促(cu)进了(le)(le)MTO工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)。国际上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)一些知(zhi)名(ming)石化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)公(gong)(gong)司,如Mobil、BASF、UOP、Norsk Hydro等(deng)公(gong)(gong)司都投(tou)入(ru)巨(ju)资进行(xing)技术开(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)。  Mobil公(gong)(gong)司以(yi)该公(gong)(gong)司开(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)基础,最早研(yan)究甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)乙(yi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)和其它(ta)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo),然而,取(qu)得突破性进展的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)是UOP和Norsk Hydro两(liang)公(gong)(gong)司合(he)(he)作(zuo)开(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)以(yi)UOP MTO-100为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)UOP/Hydro的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)MTO工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)。  国内科(ke)研(yan)机(ji)(ji)构,如中科(ke)院大(da)连(lian)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)物(wu)所(suo)、石油(you)大(da)学、中国石化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)石油(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)科(ke)学研(yan)究院等(deng)亦开(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)展了(le)(le)类似工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)。其中大(da)连(lian)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)物(wu)所(suo)开(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)发(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)合(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)气(qi)(qi)经(jing)(jing)(jing)二(er)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醚(mi)制(zhi)(zhi)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)路线(SDTO)具独创性,与传统(tong)合(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)气(qi)(qi)经(jing)(jing)(jing)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)制(zhi)(zhi)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)MTO相(xiang)比较(jiao),CO转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)率高,达90%以(yi)上(shang),建(jian)设投(tou)资和操作(zuo)费用节省50%~80%。当采用D0123催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)时(shi)产品(pin)以(yi)乙(yi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu),当使用D0300催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)是产品(pin)以(yi)丙(bing)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)。一、催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)反(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)机(ji)(ji)理  MTO及MTG的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)反(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)历程(cheng)主(zhu)(zhu)反(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei):  2CH3OH→C2H4+2H2O  3CH3OH→C3H6+3H2O  甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)首(shou)先脱水为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)二(er)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醚(mi)(DME),形(xing)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)平衡混合(he)(he)物(wu)包括甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醇(chun)、二(er)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)醚(mi)和水,然后(hou)转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(ting),低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(ting)(ting)(ting)通过氢转(zhuan)移、烷(wan)基化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)和缩聚(ju)反(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)生成(cheng)(cheng)烷(wan)...
近期(qi),有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)展(zhan)规(gui)划(hua)宣贯大会在北京召开。中(zhong)国石油(you)和(he)(he)(he)化(hua)学(xue)工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联合(he)会会长(zhang)李勇(yong)(yong)武(wu)表示,“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”期(qi)间,有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要加(jia)(jia)快转变(bian)发(fa)展(zhan)方式(shi),大力推(tui)进(jin)结构(gou)调(diao)(diao)(diao)整、技(ji)术(shu)(shu)创新(xin)(xin)和(he)(he)(he)节能(neng)(neng)减排,逐(zhu)步建(jian)立起绿色、低(di)碳(tan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)现代产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体(ti)系(xi),不(bu)断提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)核心竞争力。     李勇(yong)(yong)武(wu)指出,“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”时(shi)期(qi)我(wo)国有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)既(ji)面临难得的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)展(zhan)机(ji)(ji)遇,也(ye)(ye)(ye)面临着严(yan)峻(jun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)挑战。一方面,我(wo)国经济长(zhang)期(qi)向好为有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创造了(le)巨大的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)市场空间。国家(jia)鼓励(li)发(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)七大战略性新(xin)(xin)兴产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),也(ye)(ye)(ye)对有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提(ti)供了(le)新(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)需求(qiu)。另一方面,制(zhi)(zhi)约有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)深层次矛盾依(yi)然(ran)突(tu)出。一是产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构(gou)不(bu)合(he)理。我(wo)国有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)数量多(duo)、规(gui)模(mo)小,产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)中(zhong)度偏低(di);下(xia)游产(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)品(pin)(pin)种数量少,同质化(hua)严(yan)重(zhong),附(fu)加(jia)(jia)值(zhi)偏低(di),高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)档产(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)依(yi)赖进(jin)口。二是企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创新(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力普(pu)遍较弱,在关键、共性技(ji)术(shu)(shu)上(shang)(shang)受制(zhi)(zhi)于人(ren)。三是安全(quan)环保(bao)形势(shi)仍然(ran)严(yan)峻(jun),产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)可持续发(fa)展(zhan)能(neng)(neng)力受到制(zhi)(zhi)约。     李勇(yong)(yong)武(wu)强调(diao)(diao)(diao),“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”时(shi)期(qi),有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要把战略重(zhong)心放(fang)在调(diao)(diao)(diao)结构(gou)、转方式(shi)上(shang)(shang)来,提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)准入(ru)门(men)槛和(he)(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)中(zhong)度,鼓励(li)发(fa)展(zhan)先进(jin)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)和(he)(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),淘汰落后的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)技(ji)术(shu)(shu)和(he)(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),加(jia)(jia)快转型升(sheng)级,走低(di)投(tou)入(ru)、低(di)消(xiao)耗、低(di)排放(fang)、高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)效益的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)型工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)道路。     工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)(he)信(xin)息化(hua)部(bu)原材(cai)料(liao)(liao)司副司长(zhang)宋(song)显珠在会上(shang)(shang)表示,国家(jia)发(fa)改委公(gong)布的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构(gou)调(diao)(diao)(diao)整指导目录(2011年本(ben))》,将苯基氯硅(gui)(gui)烷、乙烯基氯硅(gui)(gui)烷等(deng)新(xin)(xin)型有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti),特种硅(gui)(gui)油(you),高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)性能(neng)(neng)硅(gui)(gui)橡(xiang)胶和(he)(he)(he)硅(gui)(gui)树脂,高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)效偶联剂等(deng)列入(ru)了(le)鼓励(li)类目录。工(gong)信(xin)部(bu)目前正在编制(zhi)(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)料(liao)(liao)“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)展(zhan)规(gui)划(hua),也(ye)(ye)(ye)涉及(ji)到高(gao)(gao)(gao)(gao)性能(neng)(neng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)材(cai)料(liao)(liao)。这(zhei)无疑为有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)展(zhan)提(ti)供了(le)良好的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)政(zheng)策(ce)环境。
据(ju)悉,工(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部已完成《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二(er)(er)五”发(fa)展(zhan)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)》文本(ben),并对该文本(ben)进(jin)行了(le)初步(bu)介(jie)绍和(he)解析。工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)信(xin)(xin)息化部原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)(si)副司(si)(si)长高云虎透露,“十(shi)二(er)(er)五”期(qi)间中国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)预计总产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值将达(da)(da)2万(wan)亿(yi)元(yuan)(yuan),年(nian)(nian)均增长率(lv)超(chao)(chao)(chao)过(guo)25%;到2020年(nian)(nian),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将成为国(guo)(guo)(guo)民经济(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)先(xian)导(dao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),主要产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品能(neng)(neng)满足国(guo)(guo)(guo)民经济(ji)和(he)国(guo)(guo)(guo)防建设的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)需要。    据(ju)工(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)(si)副司(si)(si)长高云虎在本(ben)届(jie)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际展(zhan)览会上的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)解析,工(gong)(gong)信(xin)(xin)部已完成的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二(er)(er)五”发(fa)展(zhan)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)》文本(ben)明(ming)确提(ti)出,到2015年(nian)(nian),建立起(qi)具(ju)有(you)(you)一(yi)定自主创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)、规(gui)(gui)模较大、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配(pei)套齐(qi)(qi)全(quan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体(ti)(ti)系(xi),突破一(yi)批(pi)国(guo)(guo)(guo)家建设急需、引领未(wei)来发(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)关键(jian)(jian)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)和(he)技(ji)术(shu),培育一(yi)批(pi)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)强、具(ju)有(you)(you)核心竞争力(li)(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)骨(gu)(gu)干企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),形成一(yi)批(pi)布局(ju)合(he)理、特色鲜(xian)明(ming)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)聚(ju)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基地,新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)对材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构调整(zheng)和(he)升级换代(dai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)带动作用进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)增强。        2015年(nian)(nian)我国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)总产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值达(da)(da)2万(wan)亿(yi)元(yuan)(yuan),实现年(nian)(nian)均增长率(lv)超(chao)(chao)(chao)过(guo)25%,同(tong)时(shi)还要具(ju)有(you)(you)相当高的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)。企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发(fa)投(tou)入(ru)明(ming)显增加,重点新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发(fa)投(tou)入(ru)占销售收(shou)入(ru)比达(da)(da)到5%。国(guo)(guo)(guo)家将大力(li)(li)支(zhi)持并建成一(yi)批(pi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)程技(ji)术(shu)公共(gong)服务平台。 打造10个创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)强、具(ju)有(you)(you)核心竞争力(li)(li)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销售收(shou)入(ru)超(chao)(chao)(chao)过(guo)150亿(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)综合(he)龙头企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),培育20个新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销售收(shou)入(ru)超(chao)(chao)(chao)过(guo)50亿(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)专(zhuan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)性骨(gu)(gu)干企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),建成若干主业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)突出、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配(pei)套齐(qi)(qi)全(quan)、年(nian)(nian)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值超(chao)(chao)(chao)过(guo)300亿(yi)元(yuan)(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基地和(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)群。加大我国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)综合(he)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)。新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品综合(he)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)提(ti)高到70%,关键(jian)(jian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)能(neng)(neng)力(li)(li)达(da)(da)到50%,实现碳(tan)(tan)纤维、钛合(he)金、耐蚀钢、先(xian)进(jin)储能(neng)(neng)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、半导(dao)体(ti)(ti)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、膜(mo)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、丁基橡胶、聚(ju)碳(tan)(tan)酸(suan)酯(zhi)等关键(jian)(jian)品种(zhong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化、规(gui)(gui)模化。推广(guang)30个重点新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)品种(zhong),实施(shi)若干示范(fan)推广(guang)应(ying)用工(gong)(gong)程。      ...
第四(si)届国际化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)峰会(hui)的(de)(de)(de)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)官(guan)员和(he)(he)(he)(he)业(ye)(ye)内(nei)人士指(zhi)出(chu)(chu),中(zhong)(zhong)国已成为全球(qiu)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)领域最重(zhong)(zhong)要的(de)(de)(de)市场,而化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)将(jiang)在“十(shi)(shi)二(er)五(wu)”期(qi)间(jian)迎来一(yi)个(ge)全新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)阶(jie)段(duan),为节能减排和(he)(he)(he)(he)科技创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)提供支(zhi)持(chi)。中(zhong)(zhong)国石油(you)和(he)(he)(he)(he)化(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)联(lian)合(he)会(hui)会(hui)长李勇(yong)(yong)武指(zhi)出(chu)(chu),中(zhong)(zhong)国在化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)开发上(shang)涌现出(chu)(chu)非(fei)常(chang)多成果。中(zhong)(zhong)国2010年(nian)石油(you)化(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)总销(xiao)售(shou)额达(da)到8.88万(wan)亿(yi),居世(shi)界第二(er),而这个(ge)数(shu)字到“十(shi)(shi)二(er)五(wu)”末(mo)期(qi)将(jiang)达(da)到16万(wan)亿(yi)。其中(zhong)(zhong)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)可发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)空间(jian)最广,需求最旺(wang)盛。李勇(yong)(yong)武表示,“十(shi)(shi)二(er)五(wu)”期(qi)间(jian)也(ye)是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)国开展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)大(da)飞机、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能源汽车、现代轨道(dao)交通等(deng)重(zhong)(zhong)大(da)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程项目(mu)及战略性新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)快速发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)时期(qi),对(dui)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)都提出(chu)(chu)了很高的(de)(de)(de)需求和(he)(he)(he)(he)技术要求。世(shi)界经济论(lun)坛(tan)(tan)全球(qiu)化(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)总监安(an)德鲁(lu)·海(hai)根(gen)指(zhi)出(chu)(chu),21世(shi)纪是(shi)一(yi)个(ge)轻量化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)世(shi)纪,也(ye)是(shi)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)方向。化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)将(jiang)在整个(ge)环境(jing)和(he)(he)(he)(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)过程中(zhong)(zhong)起到非(fei)常(chang)关(guan)键的(de)(de)(de)联(lian)系和(he)(he)(he)(he)作用。然(ran)而李勇(yong)(yong)武也(ye)强调(diao),目(mu)前中(zhong)(zhong)国化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)还(hai)面临着企(qi)业(ye)(ye)规模(mo)小、集约创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能力(li)不强、科技成果应(ying)用与(yu)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)能力(li)不足、部分产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品重(zhong)(zhong)复建(jian)设严(yan)重(zhong)(zhong)等(deng)问(wen)题(ti),需要警惕在低(di)端产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品上(shang)出(chu)(chu)现产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能过剩(sheng)等(deng)问(wen)题(ti)。为期(qi)两天的(de)(de)(de)第四(si)届国际化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)峰会(hui)由中(zhong)(zhong)国化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)集团公司、成都市人民(min)政府、德国化(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)程与(yu)生物技术协会(hui)等(deng)联(lian)合(he)主办,吸引了来自政府、企(qi)业(ye)(ye)、行(xing)业(ye)(ye)协会(hui)、科研(yan)院所和(he)(he)(he)(he)投资领域的(de)(de)(de)300余名代表出(chu)(chu)席(xi)。论(lun)坛(tan)(tan)将(jiang)集中(zhong)(zhong)探讨推动新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能源与(yu)改善环境(jing)、化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)应(ying)用前景和(he)(he)(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)升级转(zhuan)型等(deng)重(zhong)(zhong)要话题(ti)。
我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)将(jiang)出(chu)现(xian)阶(jie)段性(xing)过(guo)(guo)剩(sheng),一直以来供不应求的(de)(de)局面(mian)将(jiang)出(chu)现(xian)逆转,缺乏竞(jing)争(zheng)力的(de)(de)单体(ti)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)将(jiang)面(mian)临生存(cun)(cun)困难;而有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)(xia)游(you)高端(duan)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)尚(shang)需(xu)进(jin)口(kou),市场(chang)缺口(kou)较大,消(xiao)化单体(ti)的(de)(de)出(chu)路在(zai)于(yu)(yu)开(kai)发下(xia)(xia)游(you)精细有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin),延(yan)伸(shen)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)链(lian),提高附(fu)加值。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)深(shen)(shen)加工(gong)将(jiang)是(shi)未(wei)来企(qi)业(ye)(ye)发展的(de)(de)必由(you)之(zhi)路。 我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)走过(guo)(guo)了(le)从基本依赖(lai)进(jin)口(kou),到自给(ji)率逐步提高,直至产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)过(guo)(guo)剩(sheng)的(de)(de)历程。上世(shi)纪末,我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)还只(zhi)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)一套万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)级有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)装置。随着技(ji)术瓶颈的(de)(de)突破和(he)反倾销的(de)(de)成功,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)出(chu)现(xian)了(le)井喷式增(zeng)长。2002年(nian)(nian)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)仅(jin)为(wei)10万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),2009年(nian)(nian)已经达到100万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),预(yu)计2012年(nian)(nian)将(jiang)达到200万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)。目(mu)前我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)已经出(chu)现(xian)阶(jie)段性(xing)过(guo)(guo)剩(sheng)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)(xia)游(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)发展前景十(shi)分广阔,目(mu)前发达国(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)人(ren)均消(xiao)费有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)3千(qian)克(ke),而我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)仅(jin)为(wei)0.3千(qian)克(ke),国(guo)(guo)(guo)际上有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)品(pin)(pin)(pin)种(zhong)牌号有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)约1万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)种(zhong)。据中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)材料信息(xi)研(yan)究中(zhong)心统计,2010年(nian)(nian)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)市场(chang)份额占(zhan)全球(qiu)的(de)(de)30.8%,超越美国(guo)(guo)(guo)和(he)欧洲成为(wei)世(shi)界最(zui)大的(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)消(xiao)费国(guo)(guo)(guo)。2010年(nian)(nian)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)费量约为(wei)47万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)(折硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)氧(yang)烷(wan)),产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)量40万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)(含再生3万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)),净进(jin)口(kou)约10万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),对(dui)(dui)外(wai)依存(cun)(cun)度(du)(du)超过(guo)(guo)20%。  有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)行业(ye)(ye)权威专家(jia)(jia)、有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)终身成就奖获得者傅积(ji)赉说:“我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)许多高附(fu)加值的(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)仍然依赖(lai)进(jin)口(kou)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)(xia)游(you)市场(chang)存(cun)(cun)在(zai)的(de)(de)主要问题(ti)是(shi)品(pin)(pin)(pin)种(zhong)牌号偏少,高品(pin)(pin)(pin)质和(he)功能(neng)性(xing)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)开(kai)发不足(zu)。在(zai)相当多的(de)(de)高新(xin)技(ji)术应用(yong)领域,仍以采用(yong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)公司提供的(de)(de)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)为(wei)主,本土企(qi)业(ye)(ye)很难插足(zu),特别是(shi)高利润的(de)(de)下(xia)(xia)游(you)深(shen)(shen)加工(gong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)依赖(lai)进(jin)口(kou)。 “十(shi)一五(wu)”期间(jian),我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)费量保持了(le)15%~20%的(de)(de)增(zeng)长,远远高于(yu)(yu)全球(qiu)4%~5%的(de)(de)增(zeng)长速度(du)(du)。预(yu)计“十(shi)二五(wu)”期间(jian),我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)费量还会保持15%左右的(de)(de)增(zeng)长。随着应用(yong)的(de)(de)普(pu)及,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)已经从特种(zhong)化学品(pin)(pin)(pin)向(xiang)通(tong)用(yong)化学品(pin)(pin)(pin)转变,企(qi)业(ye)(ye)应抓住机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)遇,积(ji)极开(kai)发新(xin)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)。 对(dui)(dui)于(yu)(yu)具体(ti)如何延(yan)伸(shen)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)链(lian)开(kai)发下(xia)(xia)游(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin),专家(jia)(jia)给(ji)...
为(wei)(wei)了确(que)保“十一(yi)五(wu)”节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)目(mu)标(biao)(biao)的(de)实现,银(yin)行(xing)(xing)近日出台多(duo)项信(xin)贷(dai)(dai)措施加(jia)强(qiang)对(dui)节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)工作的(de)支持(chi),防范“两高一(yi)剩(sheng)”行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)的(de)信(xin)贷(dai)(dai)风险。银(yin)行(xing)(xing)近日制定颁布(bu)了《支持(chi)节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)信(xin)贷(dai)(dai)指引,称将加(jia)大节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)信(xin)贷(dai)(dai)支持(chi)力(li)度,大力(li)推行(xing)(xing)“绿色信(xin)贷(dai)(dai)”。银(yin)行(xing)(xing)倡导节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)不仅源(yuan)于商业(ye)(ye)需求,也是为(wei)(wei)了贯彻国(guo)务(wu)院(yuan)(yuan)5月上旬节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)工作会议(yi)对(dui)“十一(yi)五(wu)”节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)目(mu)标(biao)(biao)的(de)要求。我国(guo)《“十一(yi)五(wu)”国(guo)民(min)经(jing)济和社(she)会发展规划》中(zhong)提(ti)出,到(dao)2010年(nian)单位GDP能(neng)(neng)(neng)耗比2005年(nian)降低(di)20%左右、主(zhu)要污染物排(pai)(pai)放总量减(jian)(jian)少10%的(de)约束性目(mu)标(biao)(biao)。但是,“十一(yi)五(wu)”前四年(nian),全国(guo)单位国(guo)内生(sheng)产总值(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)耗累计仅下(xia)降14.38%。而今年(nian)是“十一(yi)五(wu)”的(de)最后一(yi)年(nian),来自多(duo)方消息(xi)称,完(wan)成这一(yi)目(mu)标(biao)(biao)难度颇大。为(wei)(wei)此,国(guo)务(wu)院(yuan)(yuan)召开节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)工作会议(yi),对(dui)加(jia)大淘汰落后产能(neng)(neng)(neng)力(li)度、严控“高耗能(neng)(neng)(neng)、高污染”行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)过快增长(zhang)、加(jia)快实施节(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)重点工程等(deng)提(ti)出明(ming)确(que)要求。
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