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Beta 分子(zi)筛

发(fa)布AG真人厅官网 2017-06-06
点击次数 266

组成结构(gou)


Beta 分子筛

Beta 分(fen)子筛是唯一具有三维(wei)交(jiao)叉结构的(de)(de)十二 元环孔道(dao)(dao)的(de)(de)高硅沸石,其骨架结构是由(you)两种不同的(de)(de)但结构却密切(qie)相关的(de)(de)共生(sheng)混接网络组(zu)成。它(ta)有一套(tao)线形通道(dao)(dao),还(hai)有一套(tao)由(you)两种线形通道(dao)(dao)相交(jiao)形成的(de)(de)弯曲通道(dao)(dao)体系

Beta 分子筛


技(ji)术规(gui)格

Beta 分子筛



特征(zheng)与应用

Beta 分子筛具有较(jiao)强的酸性(xing)(xing)和独(du)特的三维孔道结构,且(qie)具有比 Y 型(xing)分子筛更高的热(re)稳(wen)定性(xing)(xing)和水热(re)稳(wen)定性(xing)(xing)。

Beta 分(fen)子筛(shai)广泛应(ying)用(yong)于 NOx 选(xuan)择性催化(hua)还原、催化(hua)裂化(hua)、加氢精(jing)制、加氢异(yi)构(gou)、烷基(ji)化(hua)、酯化(hua)、芳(fang)烃歧(qi)化(hua)、大(da)分子甲基萘的(de)歧化(hua)及醇(chun)类的(de)胺(an)化(hua)等领域。


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据交(jiao)易(yi)商和(he)分析师预计,荷(he)(he)(he)兰(lan)(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)牌(pai)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)(ying)(ying)国(guo)(guo)天(tian)(tian)然(ran)气集团(BG)的(de)(de)(de)并(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)很(hen)可能(neng)(neng)是(shi)(shi)大(da)型能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)兼(jian)并(bing)(bing)(bing)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)大(da)潮的(de)(de)(de)开端,大(da)型油(you)(you)企(qi)通(tong)常都会在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)低(di)(di)迷时期以这种(zhong)方(fang)式来降(jiang)低(di)(di)生(sheng)产(chan)和(he)勘(kan)探成(cheng)(cheng)本。历(li)史告(gao)诉我们,判断油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)是(shi)(shi)否触底(di)的(de)(de)(de)窍门之一是(shi)(shi)业(ye)内是(shi)(shi)否发(fa)生(sheng)多宗(zong)高额并(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)重(zhong)(zhong)组交(jiao)易(yi)。荷(he)(he)(he)兰(lan)(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)牌(pai)高达700亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)美元的(de)(de)(de)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)令部(bu)分投资者猜测,上世(shi)纪90年(nian)(nian)(nian)代的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)业(ye)大(da)洗牌(pai)的(de)(de)(de)历(li)史将重(zhong)(zhong)演,当(dang)(dang)前油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)距离底(di)部(bu)已经不远。在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)上世(shi)纪90年(nian)(nian)(nian)代晚期,能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)业(ye)多次(ci)发(fa)生(sheng)大(da)规(gui)模(mo)并(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)重(zhong)(zhong)组交(jiao)易(yi)。英(ying)(ying)(ying)国(guo)(guo)石油(you)(you)公司(si)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)1998年(nian)(nian)(nian)以560亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)美元收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)(le)(le)美国(guo)(guo)石油(you)(you)公司(si)(Amoco),埃(ai)克森(sen)于同年(nian)(nian)(nian)12月出(chu)(chu)(chu)资800亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)美元并(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)美孚石油(you)(you)。仅在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)数(shu)周之后(hou),布伦特油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)就触底(di)跌(die)至每桶9.55美元。此后(hou),油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)开始回升(sheng),能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)行业(ye)还相继出(chu)(chu)(chu)现(xian)(xian)几(ji)(ji)宗(zong)大(da)规(gui)模(mo)企(qi)业(ye)并(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)案。和(he)现(xian)(xian)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)一样,当(dang)(dang)年(nian)(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)原油(you)(you)生(sheng)产(chan)商也在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)为(wei)争夺市(shi)场份额而(er)激烈搏杀,低(di)(di)效高成(cheng)(cheng)本的(de)(de)(de)原油(you)(you)被迫退(tui)出(chu)(chu)(chu)市(shi)场。国(guo)(guo)际油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)14个月内暴跌(die)50%。弱肉强食的(de)(de)(de)局面如(ru)今再度出(chu)(chu)(chu)现(xian)(xian),美国(guo)(guo)钻机数(shu)量(liang)(liang)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)短短四个月内几(ji)(ji)乎减(jian)少了(le)(le)(le)一半。荷(he)(he)(he)兰(lan)(lan)皇家壳(qiao)(qiao)牌(pai)周三宣(xuan)布以470亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)英(ying)(ying)(ying)镑(bang)现(xian)(xian)金加股票(约和(he)700亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)美元)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)(ying)(ying)国(guo)(guo)天(tian)(tian)然(ran)气集团,成(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)历(li)史上仅次(ci)于埃(ai)克森(sen)并(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)美孚的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)行业(ye)并(bing)(bing)(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)案。通(tong)过(guo)这宗(zong)交(jiao)易(yi),壳(qiao)(qiao)牌(pai)能(neng)(neng)够使(shi)公司(si)石油(you)(you)和(he)天(tian)(tian)然(ran)气储(chu)备量(liang)(liang)增加28%,从而(er)节省通(tong)过(guo)勘(kan)探来提升(sheng)储(chu)备的(de)(de)(de)资金。在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)此之前,全球油(you)(you)田服务巨头哈里(li)伯(bo)顿(Halliburton)以350亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)美元收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)(le)(le)竞争对手贝克休(xiu)斯(Baker Hughes)。西班牙能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)公司(si)雷普索尔(er)(Repsol of Spain)去(qu)年(nian)(nian)(nian)耗资83亿(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)美元收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了(le)(le)(le)加拿(na)大(da)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)企(qi)业(ye)加拿(na)大(da)塔里(li)斯曼(man)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(Talisman Energy of Canada)。当(dang)(dang)然(ran),并(bing)(bing)(bing)非(fei)所有人都会认为(wei)油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)已徘徊在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)底(di)部(bu)。上世(shi)纪80年(nian)(nian)(nian)代,杜邦(DuPont)买(mai)下了(le)(le)(le)康菲石油(you)(you)(Conoco),随(sui)后(hou)就发(fa)生(sheng)了(le)(le)(le)1986年(nian)(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)大(da)崩(beng)盘(pan)。
新兴需(xu)(xu)求烯烃装置年底(di)集中投产(chan)令甲醇(chun)(chun)期(qi)货一(yi)(yi)度(du)燃(ran)起上(shang)涨的希望,怎(zen)奈生(sheng)不(bu)(bu)逢时(shi),处(chu)在国际原(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)断(duan)崖式下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)的背景下(xia)(xia)(xia),负面因(yin)素骤(zhou)起不(bu)(bu)但淹没了此前(qian)的看涨呼声,而(er)且冲击了市场的做多信心。自月底(di)以(yi)来,甲醇(chun)(chun)期(qi)货转入快(kuai)速(su)(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)探模式。截至昨日(ri)收盘,1505合约(yue)累(lei)计(ji)跌(die)(die)幅(fu)已(yi)达18.54%,而(er)1506合约(yue)跌(die)(die)幅(fu)也有17.31%。尽(jin)管(guan)短期(qi)甲醇(chun)(chun)不(bu)(bu)断(duan)积(ji)聚超跌(die)(die)反弹动力,但由(you)于缺乏利多支(zhi)撑,预计(ji)跌(die)(die)势尚未(wei)完结(jie)。  原(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)失去(qu)最(zui)后一(yi)(yi)根救命(ming)稻草  随着欧佩(pei)克组织(zhi)在月底(di)宣布维持现(xian)(xian)有产(chan)能(neng)不(bu)(bu)变(bian)后,国际油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)失去(qu)了最(zui)后一(yi)(yi)根救命(ming)稻草,油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)企(qi)稳无(wu)望转而(er)再(zai)度(du)暴跌(die)(die)。而(er)国际能(neng)源署(EIA)非但不(bu)(bu)“保驾(jia)勤(qin)王”,反而(er)“落井下(xia)(xia)(xia)石(shi)”,导致油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)加速(su)(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)。  IEA在上(shang)周五公布的月度(du)石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)市场报告中指(zhi)出(chu),原(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)可能(neng)面临进(jin)一(yi)(yi)步下(xia)(xia)(xia)行压力。其中,非欧佩(pei)克产(chan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)国的石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)供(gong)应增长(zhang)会使全球油(you)(you)(you)(you)市供(gong)大(da)于求矛盾(dun)加剧,预计(ji)供(gong)应过(guo)剩(sheng)量(liang)约(yue)为(wei)120万桶(tong)/天。而(er)且,IEA还将2015年全球石(shi)油(you)(you)(you)(you)日(ri)需(xu)(xu)求增量(liang)预期(qi)下(xia)(xia)(xia)调23万桶(tong),至90万桶(tong)。这为(wei)近五个月来EIA第四次下(xia)(xia)(xia)调2015年需(xu)(xu)求。  毋庸置疑,目前(qian)原(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)供(gong)需(xu)(xu)失衡(heng)趋于恶化已(yi)经成为(wei)引领油(you)(you)(you)(you)价(jia)大(da)幅(fu)下(xia)(xia)(xia)挫的根本因(yin)素。而(er)作为(wei)能(neng)源龙头,原(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)重(zhong)挫间接对天然气价(jia)格产(chan)生(sheng)巨大(da)压力,天然气价(jia)格跟跌(die)(die)现(xian)(xian)象(xiang)明(ming)显。海(hai)外甲醇(chun)(chun)由(you)于主(zhu)要以(yi)天然气为(wei)原(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)料,报价(jia)在近十(shi)日(ri)也呈现(xian)(xian)快(kuai)速(su)(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)状态。其中,甲醇(chun)(chun)FOB美国海(hai)湾报价(jia)跌(die)(die)幅(fu)达9.45%,而(er)CFR中国主(zhu)港则下(xia)(xia)(xia)挫9.97%。目前(qian)来看,在原(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)(you)加速(su)(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)(die)的背景下(xia)(xia)(xia),甲醇(chun)(chun)价(jia)格企(qi)稳缺乏支(zhi)撑。
甲(jia)醇制烯烃(ting)(ting)(Methanol to Olefins,MTO)和(he)(he)(he)甲(jia)醇制丙烯(Methanol to Propylene)是(shi)(shi)两个重要的(de)(de)C1化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)新工(gong)(gong)艺, 是(shi)(shi)指以(yi)煤或天然(ran)气(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)合(he)(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)甲(jia)醇为(wei)原料,借助类似(si)催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)裂化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)装置(zhi)的(de)(de)流化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)床反(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)形(xing)式,生(sheng)(sheng)产低(di)(di)碳烯烃(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)技术(shu)。  上世(shi)纪七十年(nian)代美国Mobil公(gong)司(si)(si)在研究(jiu)甲(jia)醇使用(yong)(yong)ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)其它含(han)氧化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)合(he)(he)(he)物时(shi)(shi),发(fa)现了(le)甲(jia)醇制汽(qi)油(you)(you)(Methanol to Gasoline,MTG)反(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)。1979年(nian),新西兰政(zheng)府利(li)用(yong)(yong)天然(ran)气(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)建成(cheng)(cheng)了(le)全(quan)球(qiu)首(shou)套(tao)MTG装置(zhi),其能力为(wei)75万吨(dun)/年(nian),1985年(nian)投入运(yun)行,后因(yin)(yin)经济原因(yin)(yin)停产。  从MTG反(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)机(ji)理(li)(li)分析,低(di)(di)碳烯烃(ting)(ting)是(shi)(shi)MTG反(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)的(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)间产物,因(yin)(yin)而(er)MTG工(gong)(gong)艺的(de)(de)开发(fa)成(cheng)(cheng)功促进了(le)MTO工(gong)(gong)艺的(de)(de)开发(fa)。国际上的(de)(de)一(yi)些知名石化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)公(gong)司(si)(si),如Mobil、BASF、UOP、Norsk Hydro等公(gong)司(si)(si)都投入巨资进行技术(shu)开发(fa)。  Mobil公(gong)司(si)(si)以(yi)该公(gong)司(si)(si)开发(fa)的(de)(de)ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)为(wei)基础(chu),最早研究(jiu)甲(jia)醇转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)乙烯和(he)(he)(he)其它低(di)(di)碳烯烃(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作,然(ran)而(er),取(qu)得突(tu)破性(xing)进展(zhan)的(de)(de)是(shi)(shi)UOP和(he)(he)(he)Norsk Hydro两公(gong)司(si)(si)合(he)(he)(he)作开发(fa)的(de)(de)以(yi)UOP MTO-100为(wei)催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)UOP/Hydro的(de)(de)MTO工(gong)(gong)艺。  国内科(ke)(ke)研机(ji)构,如中(zhong)(zhong)科(ke)(ke)院大连化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)物所、石油(you)(you)大学(xue)、中(zhong)(zhong)国石化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)石油(you)(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)科(ke)(ke)学(xue)研究(jiu)院等亦开展(zhan)了(le)类似(si)工(gong)(gong)作。其中(zhong)(zhong)大连化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)物所开发(fa)的(de)(de)合(he)(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)气(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)经二(er)甲(jia)醚制低(di)(di)碳烯烃(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)艺路线(SDTO)具独创性(xing),与传统(tong)合(he)(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)气(qi)(qi)(qi)(qi)经甲(jia)醇制低(di)(di)碳烯烃(ting)(ting)的(de)(de)MTO相比(bi)较,CO转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)率高,达90%以(yi)上,建设投资和(he)(he)(he)操作费用(yong)(yong)节省50%~80%。当(dang)采用(yong)(yong)D0123催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)时(shi)(shi)产品(pin)以(yi)乙烯为(wei)主,当(dang)使用(yong)(yong)D0300催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)是(shi)(shi)产品(pin)以(yi)丙烯为(wei)主。一(yi)、催(cui)(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)反(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)机(ji)理(li)(li)  MTO及(ji)MTG的(de)(de)反(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)历(li)程主反(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)为(wei):  2CH3OH→C2H4+2H2O  3CH3OH→C3H6+3H2O  甲(jia)醇首(shou)先脱水为(wei)二(er)甲(jia)醚(DME),形(xing)成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)平衡混合(he)(he)(he)物包(bao)括甲(jia)醇、二(er)甲(jia)醚和(he)(he)(he)水,然(ran)后转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为(wei)低(di)(di)碳烯烃(ting)(ting),低(di)(di)碳烯烃(ting)(ting)通过(guo)氢(qing)转(zhuan)移(yi)、烷(wan)基化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)和(he)(he)(he)缩聚反(fan)(fan)(fan)(fan)应(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)生(sheng)(sheng)成(cheng)(cheng)烷(wan)...
近期(qi),有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规划(hua)宣贯大(da)会在(zai)(zai)(zai)北京召开。中国(guo)石油(you)和(he)(he)化(hua)学工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联(lian)合会会长(zhang)李(li)勇(yong)武表(biao)示,“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”期(qi)间,有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要(yao)加快转变发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)方(fang)式(shi),大(da)力(li)(li)推进结构调整(zheng)(zheng)、技(ji)术(shu)创(chuang)新和(he)(he)节能(neng)减(jian)排(pai),逐步建立起绿(lv)色、低(di)(di)碳的(de)现代产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体(ti)系,不断提高(gao)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)核心(xin)竞(jing)争(zheng)力(li)(li)。     李(li)勇(yong)武指出,“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”时期(qi)我国(guo)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)既面(mian)(mian)临难得的(de)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)机(ji)(ji)遇,也面(mian)(mian)临着(zhe)严峻的(de)挑战。一(yi)方(fang)面(mian)(mian),我国(guo)经济长(zhang)期(qi)向好为(wei)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)造了(le)(le)巨大(da)的(de)市(shi)场空间。国(guo)家鼓(gu)励发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)七大(da)战略性新兴产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),也对有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提供了(le)(le)新的(de)需求。另一(yi)方(fang)面(mian)(mian),制(zhi)约有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)深层次矛盾依(yi)然突出。一(yi)是(shi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构不合理。我国(guo)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)数量(liang)多(duo)、规模小,产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集中度偏低(di)(di);下游产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)品(pin)(pin)种数量(liang)少,同质化(hua)严重,附加值偏低(di)(di),高(gao)档产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)依(yi)赖(lai)进口。二是(shi)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)新能(neng)力(li)(li)普遍较弱(ruo),在(zai)(zai)(zai)关键、共性技(ji)术(shu)上受(shou)(shou)制(zhi)于人。三是(shi)安全环(huan)保形势(shi)仍然严峻,产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)可持(chi)续发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)能(neng)力(li)(li)受(shou)(shou)到制(zhi)约。     李(li)勇(yong)武强(qiang)调,“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”时期(qi),有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要(yao)把战略重心(xin)放(fang)在(zai)(zai)(zai)调结构、转方(fang)式(shi)上来,提高(gao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)准入门槛和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集中度,鼓(gu)励发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)先进技(ji)术(shu)和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),淘汰落后的(de)技(ji)术(shu)和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),加快转型(xing)升级,走低(di)(di)投入、低(di)(di)消耗、低(di)(di)排(pai)放(fang)、高(gao)效(xiao)益的(de)新型(xing)工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)道路。     工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)信息化(hua)部原(yuan)材料(liao)司副司长(zhang)宋显珠(zhu)在(zai)(zai)(zai)会上表(biao)示,国(guo)家发(fa)(fa)改委公布的(de)《产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构调整(zheng)(zheng)指导目录(2011年本)》,将苯基(ji)氯(lv)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)烷(wan)、乙烯基(ji)氯(lv)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)烷(wan)等新型(xing)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单体(ti),特种硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)油(you),高(gao)性能(neng)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)橡胶和(he)(he)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)树脂,高(gao)效(xiao)偶联(lian)剂(ji)等列入了(le)(le)鼓(gu)励类目录。工信部目前正(zheng)在(zai)(zai)(zai)编(bian)制(zhi)的(de)新材料(liao)“十(shi)二五(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规划(hua),也涉(she)及到高(gao)性能(neng)的(de)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)材料(liao)。这(zhei)无(wu)疑为(wei)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)提供了(le)(le)良(liang)好的(de)政(zheng)策环(huan)境。
据悉,工信部(bu)已完(wan)成《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)五(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规划》文本,并对(dui)(dui)该文本进行(xing)了初步(bu)介(jie)绍和(he)(he)解析。工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)信息化部(bu)原(yuan)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)(si)副司(si)(si)长(zhang)高(gao)(gao)(gao)云(yun)虎(hu)透露,“十二(er)五(wu)”期间中(zhong)国(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)预计总(zong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值将(jiang)达(da)2万(wan)亿(yi)(yi)元,年(nian)均增长(zhang)率超(chao)(chao)过25%;到2020年(nian),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)成为国(guo)民(min)经(jing)济(ji)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)先导产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),主(zhu)要(yao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品能(neng)(neng)满足国(guo)民(min)经(jing)济(ji)和(he)(he)国(guo)防建(jian)设的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)需要(yao)。    据工信部(bu)原(yuan)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)(si)副司(si)(si)长(zhang)高(gao)(gao)(gao)云(yun)虎(hu)在本届新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)国(guo)际展(zhan)览(lan)会上的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)解析,工信部(bu)已完(wan)成的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)五(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)规划》文本明(ming)确提出,到2015年(nian),建(jian)立起具有一(yi)(yi)(yi)定自(zi)主(zhu)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力、规模较大、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配套齐全(quan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体系,突(tu)破(po)一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)国(guo)家建(jian)设急需、引(yin)领(ling)未(wei)来发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)关键材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)和(he)(he)技术(shu)(shu),培育一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力强(qiang)、具有核心(xin)竞争力的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)骨干(gan)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),形成一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)布局合理、特色鲜明(ming)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集聚的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地(di),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)对(dui)(dui)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构调整和(he)(he)升级换代的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)带动(dong)作用(yong)进一(yi)(yi)(yi)步(bu)增强(qiang)。        2015年(nian)我(wo)国(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)总(zong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值达(da)2万(wan)亿(yi)(yi)元,实现年(nian)均增长(zhang)率超(chao)(chao)过25%,同(tong)时还要(yao)具有相当高(gao)(gao)(gao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力。企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研(yan)发(fa)(fa)投(tou)入明(ming)显(xian)增加,重(zhong)点(dian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研(yan)发(fa)(fa)投(tou)入占(zhan)销售收入比达(da)到5%。国(guo)家将(jiang)大力支持并建(jian)成一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工程(cheng)(cheng)技术(shu)(shu)公共服务(wu)平台。 打造10个创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力强(qiang)、具有核心(xin)竞争力、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销售收入超(chao)(chao)过150亿(yi)(yi)元的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)综(zong)合龙(long)头企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),培育20个新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销售收入超(chao)(chao)过50亿(yi)(yi)元的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)性骨干(gan)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),建(jian)成若干(gan)主(zhu)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)突(tu)出、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配套齐全(quan)、年(nian)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值超(chao)(chao)过300亿(yi)(yi)元的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地(di)和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集群。加大我(wo)国(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)综(zong)合保障能(neng)(neng)力。新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品综(zong)合保障能(neng)(neng)力提高(gao)(gao)(gao)到70%,关键新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)保障能(neng)(neng)力达(da)到50%,实现碳(tan)纤维(wei)、钛合金、耐蚀钢、先进储(chu)能(neng)(neng)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、半导体材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、膜(mo)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、丁(ding)基(ji)橡(xiang)胶(jiao)、聚碳(tan)酸酯等关键品种(zhong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化、规模化。推广30个重(zhong)点(dian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)品种(zhong),实施若干(gan)示范(fan)推广应(ying)用(yong)工程(cheng)(cheng)。      ...
第四(si)届国(guo)(guo)际(ji)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)峰(feng)会(hui)的(de)(de)(de)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)官员(yuan)和(he)业(ye)(ye)(ye)内人士指出(chu)(chu),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)已成(cheng)为全球化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)领域最重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)(de)市(shi)(shi)场(chang),而化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)将在(zai)(zai)(zai)“十二(er)五(wu)(wu)”期(qi)(qi)间迎(ying)来(lai)一个(ge)全新(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)发(fa)展(zhan)阶段(duan),为节(jie)能(neng)(neng)减排和(he)科(ke)技(ji)(ji)创新(xin)(xin)提供支持。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)石油和(he)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)联(lian)合(he)会(hui)会(hui)长李(li)(li)勇武指出(chu)(chu),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)在(zai)(zai)(zai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)开发(fa)上涌现(xian)出(chu)(chu)非常(chang)多成(cheng)果(guo)。中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)2010年石油化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)总销售额达(da)到(dao)(dao)8.88万亿(yi),居世界第二(er),而这个(ge)数字(zi)到(dao)(dao)“十二(er)五(wu)(wu)”末期(qi)(qi)将达(da)到(dao)(dao)16万亿(yi)。其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)可发(fa)展(zhan)空间最广,需(xu)求(qiu)最旺盛。李(li)(li)勇武表示,“十二(er)五(wu)(wu)”期(qi)(qi)间也是中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)开展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)大飞(fei)机、新(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)汽车(che)、现(xian)代轨道交通等(deng)(deng)(deng)重(zhong)大工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)项目(mu)及战略性新(xin)(xin)型产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)快速发(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)时期(qi)(qi),对化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)都(dou)提出(chu)(chu)了很高的(de)(de)(de)需(xu)求(qiu)和(he)技(ji)(ji)术要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)。世界经济论(lun)坛全球化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)总监安德鲁(lu)·海根(gen)指出(chu)(chu),21世纪是一个(ge)轻量化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)世纪,也是化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)发(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)方向。化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)将在(zai)(zai)(zai)整个(ge)环(huan)境(jing)和(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)过程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)起到(dao)(dao)非常(chang)关键的(de)(de)(de)联(lian)系(xi)和(he)作用。然(ran)而李(li)(li)勇武也强调,目(mu)前中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)还面临着企业(ye)(ye)(ye)规(gui)模小、集(ji)约创新(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力不强、科(ke)技(ji)(ji)成(cheng)果(guo)应(ying)用与(yu)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)能(neng)(neng)力不足(zu)、部分产(chan)(chan)品重(zhong)复建设严重(zhong)等(deng)(deng)(deng)问题,需(xu)要(yao)(yao)警惕在(zai)(zai)(zai)低端(duan)产(chan)(chan)品上出(chu)(chu)现(xian)产(chan)(chan)能(neng)(neng)过剩等(deng)(deng)(deng)问题。为期(qi)(qi)两天的(de)(de)(de)第四(si)届国(guo)(guo)际(ji)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)峰(feng)会(hui)由中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)集(ji)团公司、成(cheng)都(dou)市(shi)(shi)人民(min)政(zheng)府(fu)、德国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)与(yu)生物技(ji)(ji)术协会(hui)等(deng)(deng)(deng)联(lian)合(he)主(zhu)办,吸引(yin)了来(lai)自政(zheng)府(fu)、企业(ye)(ye)(ye)、行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)协会(hui)、科(ke)研院(yuan)所和(he)投资领域的(de)(de)(de)300余名代表出(chu)(chu)席。论(lun)坛将集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)探讨推(tui)动新(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)与(yu)改善环(huan)境(jing)、化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)应(ying)用前景和(he)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)升级转(zhuan)型等(deng)(deng)(deng)重(zhong)要(yao)(yao)话题。
我国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能将(jiang)出(chu)现阶段性(xing)(xing)过(guo)(guo)剩(sheng)(sheng),一(yi)(yi)直(zhi)以来(lai)供(gong)不应(ying)求的(de)(de)局面将(jiang)出(chu)现逆转,缺(que)乏竞(jing)争力的(de)(de)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)企(qi)业(ye)将(jiang)面临生(sheng)存困难;而(er)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)高(gao)(gao)端产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)尚需进(jin)口,市(shi)场(chang)缺(que)口较大,消(xiao)(xiao)化(hua)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)出(chu)路在于(yu)开(kai)(kai)发下(xia)游(you)精细有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin),延伸产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)链(lian),提高(gao)(gao)附加(jia)值(zhi)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)深(shen)加(jia)工将(jiang)是未来(lai)企(qi)业(ye)发展的(de)(de)必(bi)由之路。 我国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)走(zou)过(guo)(guo)了(le)从(cong)基本(ben)(ben)依赖(lai)进(jin)口,到(dao)自给(ji)率逐(zhu)步提高(gao)(gao),直(zhi)至产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能过(guo)(guo)剩(sheng)(sheng)的(de)(de)历程(cheng)。上世(shi)纪末(mo),我国(guo)(guo)还只有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)一(yi)(yi)套(tao)万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)级(ji)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)装(zhuang)置(zhi)。随着技术瓶颈的(de)(de)突破和(he)反倾销的(de)(de)成功,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能出(chu)现了(le)井喷式增长。2002年我国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能仅为(wei)(wei)10万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),2009年已(yi)经达到(dao)100万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),预(yu)计2012年将(jiang)达到(dao)200万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)。目前(qian)(qian)我国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)(ti)已(yi)经出(chu)现阶段性(xing)(xing)过(guo)(guo)剩(sheng)(sheng)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)发展前(qian)(qian)景十(shi)分广阔(kuo),目前(qian)(qian)发达国(guo)(guo)家(jia)人(ren)均(jun)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)3千克,而(er)我国(guo)(guo)仅为(wei)(wei)0.3千克,国(guo)(guo)际上有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)品(pin)(pin)(pin)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)牌号有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)约(yue)1万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)。据中国(guo)(guo)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)材(cai)料信息研究(jiu)中心统计,2010年中国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)市(shi)场(chang)份额占全(quan)球的(de)(de)30.8%,超越美国(guo)(guo)和(he)欧洲成为(wei)(wei)世(shi)界(jie)最(zui)大的(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)国(guo)(guo)。2010年中国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)(liang)约(yue)为(wei)(wei)47万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)(折硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)氧烷),产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)量(liang)(liang)40万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)(含再生(sheng)3万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun)),净(jing)进(jin)口约(yue)10万(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)吨(dun)(dun),对外依存度超过(guo)(guo)20%。  有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)行(xing)业(ye)权威专(zhuan)家(jia)、有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)终身成就奖获(huo)得(de)者傅积(ji)赉(lai)说:“我国(guo)(guo)许多(duo)高(gao)(gao)附加(jia)值(zhi)的(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)仍(reng)然依赖(lai)进(jin)口。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)游(you)市(shi)场(chang)存在的(de)(de)主要问题是品(pin)(pin)(pin)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)牌号偏少(shao),高(gao)(gao)品(pin)(pin)(pin)质(zhi)和(he)功能性(xing)(xing)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)开(kai)(kai)发不足(zu)(zu)。在相当多(duo)的(de)(de)高(gao)(gao)新技术应(ying)用领域,仍(reng)以采用国(guo)(guo)外公司提供(gong)的(de)(de)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)为(wei)(wei)主,本(ben)(ben)土企(qi)业(ye)很难插(cha)足(zu)(zu),特别是高(gao)(gao)利润的(de)(de)下(xia)游(you)深(shen)加(jia)工产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)依赖(lai)进(jin)口。 “十(shi)一(yi)(yi)五”期(qi)间,我国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)(liang)保持(chi)(chi)了(le)15%~20%的(de)(de)增长,远(yuan)(yuan)远(yuan)(yuan)高(gao)(gao)于(yu)全(quan)球4%~5%的(de)(de)增长速度。预(yu)计“十(shi)二五”期(qi)间,我国(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)(liang)还会保持(chi)(chi)15%左右的(de)(de)增长。随着应(ying)用的(de)(de)普及,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)已(yi)经从(cong)特种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)化(hua)学品(pin)(pin)(pin)向通用化(hua)学品(pin)(pin)(pin)转变,企(qi)业(ye)应(ying)抓(zhua)住机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)遇,积(ji)极开(kai)(kai)发新产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)。 对于(yu)具(ju)体(ti)(ti)(ti)如何(he)延伸产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)链(lian)开(kai)(kai)发下(xia)游(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin),专(zhuan)家(jia)给(ji)...
为了确(que)保(bao)“十(shi)一(yi)五”节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)目(mu)标(biao)(biao)的(de)(de)(de)实现,银(yin)行(xing)近日出(chu)台多项信(xin)(xin)(xin)贷措施加(jia)强对(dui)(dui)节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)支(zhi)持,防范“两高一(yi)剩”行(xing)业的(de)(de)(de)信(xin)(xin)(xin)贷风险。银(yin)行(xing)近日制定颁布了《支(zhi)持节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)信(xin)(xin)(xin)贷指引(yin),称将加(jia)大(da)节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)信(xin)(xin)(xin)贷支(zhi)持力度,大(da)力推行(xing)“绿(lv)色信(xin)(xin)(xin)贷”。银(yin)行(xing)倡导节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)不仅源于商业需(xu)求,也(ye)是为了贯彻(che)国(guo)(guo)务院5月上旬节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)会(hui)(hui)议对(dui)(dui)“十(shi)一(yi)五”节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)目(mu)标(biao)(biao)的(de)(de)(de)要求。我国(guo)(guo)《“十(shi)一(yi)五”国(guo)(guo)民经济和社会(hui)(hui)发(fa)展规划》中提(ti)出(chu),到2010年(nian)(nian)单(dan)位(wei)(wei)GDP能耗比2005年(nian)(nian)降低(di)20%左右、主要污染(ran)物排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)放总量(liang)减(jian)(jian)(jian)少10%的(de)(de)(de)约束(shu)性(xing)目(mu)标(biao)(biao)。但是,“十(shi)一(yi)五”前四年(nian)(nian),全国(guo)(guo)单(dan)位(wei)(wei)国(guo)(guo)内生产(chan)总值(zhi)能耗累计仅下降14.38%。而今年(nian)(nian)是“十(shi)一(yi)五”的(de)(de)(de)最后(hou)一(yi)年(nian)(nian),来自多方(fang)消息称,完成这一(yi)目(mu)标(biao)(biao)难度颇大(da)。为此,国(guo)(guo)务院召开节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)会(hui)(hui)议,对(dui)(dui)加(jia)大(da)淘汰落后(hou)产(chan)能力度、严(yan)控(kong)“高耗能、高污染(ran)”行(xing)业过快(kuai)增长、加(jia)快(kuai)实施节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)(pai)重(zhong)点工(gong)(gong)(gong)程等(deng)提(ti)出(chu)明确(que)要求。
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