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SAPO-34 分子筛

发(fa)布AG真人厅官网 2017-06-06
点击次数 253

组成结构


SAPO-34 分子筛

SAPO-34 是具有类菱型沸石结构(gou)的分子筛,其(qi)骨架 主要由硅铝磷酸盐组成(cheng),具有双六元(yuan)(yuan)环、八元(yuan)(yuan)环与四元(yuan)(yuan)环构(gou)成(cheng)的椭球(qiu)形 CHA 笼以及三(san)维(wei)交叉孔道结构(gou)。

SAPO-34 分子筛


技术规格

SAPO-34 分子筛



特征与(yu)应用(yong)

SAPO-34 分子(zi)(zi)(zi)筛具有(you)极(ji)高的(de)比表面积、良好的(de)水热稳定性、丰富的(de)质子(zi)(zi)(zi)酸性和(he)离子(zi)(zi)(zi)交换位,独特的(de)八(ba)元(yuan)环三维孔(kong)道体(ti)系更使(shi)得它拥有(you)了极(ji)好的(de)小(xiao)分子(zi)(zi)(zi)择形催(cui)化性能,是应用较普遍(bian)的(de)固体(ti)酸催(cui)化剂和(he)催(cui)化剂载体(ti)。

SAPO-34 分子(zi)筛在 NOx 选择性催化(hua)还原(yuan)过程和甲(jia)醇制低(di)碳烯烃的催化(hua)过程中有非常好的应用(yong)效果。


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据(ju)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)商和(he)分析师预计(ji),荷兰皇家壳(qiao)牌(pai)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)国天然(ran)气(qi)集(ji)团(BG)的(de)(de)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)很可能(neng)是大(da)(da)(da)型能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)兼(jian)并(bing)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)大(da)(da)(da)潮的(de)(de)开端,大(da)(da)(da)型油(you)(you)企通(tong)常(chang)都(dou)会在油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)低(di)迷时(shi)期以(yi)这种方式来(lai)降低(di)生产和(he)勘探(tan)成本。历史(shi)告诉(su)我们,判断油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)是否(fou)触(chu)底的(de)(de)窍门之(zhi)一是业(ye)内是否(fou)发(fa)生多宗高(gao)额(e)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)重(zhong)组(zu)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)。荷兰皇家壳(qiao)牌(pai)高(gao)达700亿美(mei)元(yuan)的(de)(de)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)令部(bu)分投资(zi)者猜测(ce),上(shang)世(shi)纪90年(nian)代的(de)(de)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)业(ye)大(da)(da)(da)洗牌(pai)的(de)(de)历史(shi)将(jiang)重(zhong)演(yan),当前(qian)(qian)油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)距离底部(bu)已经不远。在上(shang)世(shi)纪90年(nian)代晚期,能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)业(ye)多次(ci)发(fa)生大(da)(da)(da)规模并(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)重(zhong)组(zu)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)。英(ying)国石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)公司在1998年(nian)以(yi)560亿美(mei)元(yuan)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了美(mei)国石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)公司(Amoco),埃克森(sen)于(yu)同年(nian)12月(yue)出(chu)资(zi)800亿美(mei)元(yuan)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)美(mei)孚(fu)石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)。仅在数周之(zhi)后(hou),布伦特油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)就(jiu)触(chu)底跌(die)至每桶(tong)9.55美(mei)元(yuan)。此(ci)后(hou),油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)开始回升(sheng),能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)行业(ye)还相继(ji)出(chu)现(xian)(xian)几宗大(da)(da)(da)规模企业(ye)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)案(an)。和(he)现(xian)(xian)在一样(yang),当年(nian)的(de)(de)原油(you)(you)生产商也在为争夺(duo)市(shi)场(chang)份额(e)而激烈搏杀,低(di)效高(gao)成本的(de)(de)原油(you)(you)被迫退出(chu)市(shi)场(chang)。国际油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)在14个(ge)月(yue)内暴跌(die)50%。弱肉强食的(de)(de)局面(mian)如今再度出(chu)现(xian)(xian),美(mei)国钻机(ji)数量在短(duan)短(duan)四(si)个(ge)月(yue)内几乎(hu)减(jian)少了一半。荷兰皇家壳(qiao)牌(pai)周三宣布以(yi)470亿英(ying)镑现(xian)(xian)金加(jia)股(gu)票(piao)(约(yue)和(he)700亿美(mei)元(yuan))收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)英(ying)国天然(ran)气(qi)集(ji)团,成为历史(shi)上(shang)仅次(ci)于(yu)埃克森(sen)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)美(mei)孚(fu)的(de)(de)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)行业(ye)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)(gou)案(an)。通(tong)过这宗交(jiao)易(yi)(yi),壳(qiao)牌(pai)能(neng)够(gou)使公司石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)和(he)天然(ran)气(qi)储备量增加(jia)28%,从而节省通(tong)过勘探(tan)来(lai)提升(sheng)储备的(de)(de)资(zi)金。在此(ci)之(zhi)前(qian)(qian),全球油(you)(you)田服务巨头哈(ha)里伯顿(Halliburton)以(yi)350亿美(mei)元(yuan)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了竞争对手(shou)贝克休斯(Baker Hughes)。西班牙能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)公司雷(lei)普索(suo)尔(Repsol of Spain)去年(nian)耗资(zi)83亿美(mei)元(yuan)收(shou)购(gou)(gou)(gou)了加(jia)拿(na)大(da)(da)(da)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)企业(ye)加(jia)拿(na)大(da)(da)(da)塔里斯曼能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)(Talisman Energy of Canada)。当然(ran),并(bing)非所有人都(dou)会认(ren)为油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)已徘(pai)徊在底部(bu)。上(shang)世(shi)纪80年(nian)代,杜(du)邦(DuPont)买下了康菲石(shi)(shi)油(you)(you)(Conoco),随后(hou)就(jiu)发(fa)生了1986年(nian)的(de)(de)油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)(da)崩盘。
新(xin)兴需求(qiu)烯烃(ting)装置年底(di)(di)(di)集中(zhong)投(tou)产(chan)(chan)令甲(jia)醇期(qi)货(huo)一度燃起上(shang)涨的(de)希(xi)望(wang),怎奈生不逢(feng)时,处在国际(ji)原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)断崖(ya)式下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)跌的(de)背(bei)(bei)景下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia),负面因素骤(zhou)起不但淹没了此(ci)前的(de)看(kan)涨呼声,而(er)且冲击了市场的(de)做多(duo)信心。自月底(di)(di)(di)以(yi)来(lai),甲(jia)醇期(qi)货(huo)转(zhuan)入(ru)快速(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)探模(mo)式。截至昨(zuo)日(ri)收(shou)盘,1505合约累(lei)计(ji)跌幅已(yi)达(da)18.54%,而(er)1506合约跌幅也有17.31%。尽管短期(qi)甲(jia)醇不断积聚超跌反弹(dan)动(dong)力,但由于(yu)缺乏利多(duo)支撑,预(yu)计(ji)跌势尚未完结(jie)。  原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)失去(qu)最后(hou)一根(gen)救命(ming)稻(dao)(dao)草  随着欧(ou)佩克组织在月底(di)(di)(di)宣布维持(chi)现(xian)有产(chan)(chan)能(neng)不变后(hou),国际(ji)油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)失去(qu)了最后(hou)一根(gen)救命(ming)稻(dao)(dao)草,油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)企稳无(wu)望(wang)转(zhuan)而(er)再度暴跌。而(er)国际(ji)能(neng)源(yuan)署(EIA)非但不“保驾勤王”,反而(er)“落井下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)石”,导致(zhi)油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)加速(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)跌。  IEA在上(shang)周(zhou)五公(gong)布的(de)月度石油(you)(you)(you)市场报告中(zhong)指(zhi)出,原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)可能(neng)面临进一步下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)行(xing)压力。其(qi)(qi)中(zhong),非欧(ou)佩克产(chan)(chan)油(you)(you)(you)国的(de)石油(you)(you)(you)供应增长会(hui)使全球油(you)(you)(you)市供大(da)于(yu)求(qiu)矛盾加剧,预(yu)计(ji)供应过剩量约为(wei)120万桶(tong)(tong)/天。而(er)且,IEA还将2015年全球石油(you)(you)(you)日(ri)需求(qiu)增量预(yu)期(qi)下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)调23万桶(tong)(tong),至90万桶(tong)(tong)。这为(wei)近五个月来(lai)EIA第四(si)次下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)调2015年需求(qiu)。  毋庸置疑,目前原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)供需失衡趋于(yu)恶化已(yi)经成为(wei)引领油(you)(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)大(da)幅下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)挫的(de)根(gen)本因素。而(er)作为(wei)能(neng)源(yuan)龙头(tou),原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)重(zhong)挫间接对天然气(qi)(qi)价(jia)(jia)格产(chan)(chan)生巨(ju)大(da)压力,天然气(qi)(qi)价(jia)(jia)格跟跌现(xian)象(xiang)明显(xian)。海外甲(jia)醇由于(yu)主要以(yi)天然气(qi)(qi)为(wei)原(yuan)料(liao),报价(jia)(jia)在近十日(ri)也呈现(xian)快速(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)跌状(zhuang)态。其(qi)(qi)中(zhong),甲(jia)醇FOB美国海湾报价(jia)(jia)跌幅达(da)9.45%,而(er)CFR中(zhong)国主港则下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)挫9.97%。目前来(lai)看(kan),在原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)加速(su)下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia)跌的(de)背(bei)(bei)景下(xia)(xia)(xia)(xia),甲(jia)醇价(jia)(jia)格企稳缺乏支撑。
甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇制烯(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(Methanol to Olefins,MTO)和(he)(he)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇制丙(bing)烯(xi)(xi)(Methanol to Propylene)是(shi)两(liang)个重要的(de)(de)(de)C1化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)新工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi), 是(shi)指以煤或天然(ran)气(qi)合(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)原料,借(jie)助类(lei)似(si)催(cui)化(hua)(hua)裂化(hua)(hua)装置(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)流化(hua)(hua)床反(fan)应形式(shi),生产低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)技术。  上(shang)世(shi)纪七(qi)十年代美国(guo)Mobil公(gong)司在研(yan)究甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇使(shi)用(yong)(yong)ZSM-5催(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)其(qi)(qi)它含氧化(hua)(hua)合(he)(he)物时(shi)(shi),发现了(le)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇制汽油(Methanol to Gasoline,MTG)反(fan)应。1979年,新西兰(lan)政府利用(yong)(yong)天然(ran)气(qi)建成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)了(le)全球首套MTG装置(zhi),其(qi)(qi)能力(li)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)75万吨(dun)/年,1985年投入运行,后因经济原因停产。  从MTG反(fan)应机理分(fen)析,低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)烃(ting)是(shi)MTG反(fan)应的(de)(de)(de)中间产物,因而MTG工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)开(kai)发成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)功促(cu)进(jin)了(le)MTO工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)开(kai)发。国(guo)际上(shang)的(de)(de)(de)一些知(zhi)名(ming)石(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)公(gong)司,如(ru)Mobil、BASF、UOP、Norsk Hydro等公(gong)司都投入巨资进(jin)行技术开(kai)发。  Mobil公(gong)司以该公(gong)司开(kai)发的(de)(de)(de)ZSM-5催(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)基(ji)(ji)础(chu),最(zui)早研(yan)究甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)乙烯(xi)(xi)和(he)(he)其(qi)(qi)它低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo),然(ran)而,取得突(tu)破性进(jin)展的(de)(de)(de)是(shi)UOP和(he)(he)Norsk Hydro两(liang)公(gong)司合(he)(he)作(zuo)开(kai)发的(de)(de)(de)以UOP MTO-100为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)催(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)(de)UOP/Hydro的(de)(de)(de)MTO工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)。  国(guo)内科(ke)研(yan)机构,如(ru)中科(ke)院大连化(hua)(hua)物所(suo)、石(shi)(shi)油大学(xue)、中国(guo)石(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)石(shi)(shi)油化(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)科(ke)学(xue)研(yan)究院等亦开(kai)展了(le)类(lei)似(si)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)。其(qi)(qi)中大连化(hua)(hua)物所(suo)开(kai)发的(de)(de)(de)合(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)气(qi)经二(er)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醚制低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)路(lu)线(SDTO)具独创(chuang)性,与传统合(he)(he)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)气(qi)经甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇制低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)(de)MTO相比较,CO转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)率高,达90%以上(shang),建设投资和(he)(he)操作(zuo)费用(yong)(yong)节(jie)省50%~80%。当(dang)采用(yong)(yong)D0123催(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)时(shi)(shi)产品以乙烯(xi)(xi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)主,当(dang)使(shi)用(yong)(yong)D0300催(cui)化(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)是(shi)产品以丙(bing)烯(xi)(xi)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)主。一、催(cui)化(hua)(hua)反(fan)应机理  MTO及MTG的(de)(de)(de)反(fan)应历程主反(fan)应为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei):  2CH3OH→C2H4+2H2O  3CH3OH→C3H6+3H2O  甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇首先脱水(shui)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)二(er)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醚(DME),形成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)的(de)(de)(de)平(ping)衡混(hun)合(he)(he)物包(bao)括甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醇、二(er)甲(jia)(jia)(jia)醚和(he)(he)水(shui),然(ran)后转(zhuan)化(hua)(hua)为(wei)(wei)(wei)(wei)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)烃(ting),低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)烃(ting)通过氢(qing)转(zhuan)移(yi)、烷(wan)基(ji)(ji)化(hua)(hua)和(he)(he)缩聚(ju)反(fan)应生成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)烷(wan)...
近(jin)期(qi),有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)宣贯大(da)会在北京召开。中国(guo)石油(you)和(he)(he)化学工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联(lian)合会会长李勇武表示(shi),“十二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)(wu)”期(qi)间,有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要(yao)加(jia)(jia)(jia)快(kuai)转变发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)方式(shi),大(da)力推进(jin)结(jie)(jie)构(gou)(gou)调整、技术(shu)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)和(he)(he)节能减排,逐步建立起(qi)绿色、低(di)碳的(de)(de)现代产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体(ti)系,不(bu)断(duan)提高行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)核心(xin)竞争力。     李勇武指(zhi)出(chu),“十二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)(wu)”时(shi)期(qi)我国(guo)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)既面临难得的(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)机(ji)(ji)(ji)遇(yu),也面临着(zhe)严峻(jun)的(de)(de)挑战(zhan)(zhan)。一方面,我国(guo)经(jing)济长期(qi)向好(hao)为有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创造了巨(ju)大(da)的(de)(de)市场(chang)空间。国(guo)家(jia)鼓(gu)励发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)七大(da)战(zhan)(zhan)略性(xing)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)兴产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),也对有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提供(gong)了新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)需(xu)求。另一方面,制(zhi)约(yue)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)深层次矛盾依(yi)然(ran)突出(chu)。一是(shi)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结(jie)(jie)构(gou)(gou)不(bu)合理。我国(guo)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单体(ti)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)数量多(duo)、规(gui)(gui)模小,产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)中度偏(pian)低(di);下游产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)品(pin)(pin)种(zhong)数量少(shao),同质化严重(zhong)(zhong),附加(jia)(jia)(jia)值(zhi)偏(pian)低(di),高档产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)依(yi)赖进(jin)口。二(er)(er)是(shi)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能力普遍较弱(ruo),在关键、共性(xing)技术(shu)上(shang)受(shou)制(zhi)于人。三是(shi)安全环(huan)保形势仍然(ran)严峻(jun),产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)可(ke)持续发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)能力受(shou)到制(zhi)约(yue)。     李勇武强(qiang)调,“十二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)(wu)”时(shi)期(qi),有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要(yao)把(ba)战(zhan)(zhan)略重(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)放在调结(jie)(jie)构(gou)(gou)、转方式(shi)上(shang)来,提高产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)准入(ru)门槛和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集(ji)中度,鼓(gu)励发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)先进(jin)技术(shu)和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),淘(tao)汰落(luo)后的(de)(de)技术(shu)和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin),加(jia)(jia)(jia)快(kuai)转型升级(ji),走低(di)投入(ru)、低(di)消耗、低(di)排放、高效益的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化道路。     工业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)信息化部(bu)原材料司副司长宋(song)显珠(zhu)在会上(shang)表示(shi),国(guo)家(jia)发(fa)(fa)改委公布的(de)(de)《产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结(jie)(jie)构(gou)(gou)调整指(zhi)导(dao)目录(2011年本)》,将苯基氯硅(gui)烷、乙烯基氯硅(gui)烷等(deng)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单体(ti),特种(zhong)硅(gui)油(you),高性(xing)能硅(gui)橡胶(jiao)和(he)(he)硅(gui)树脂(zhi),高效偶联(lian)剂等(deng)列入(ru)了鼓(gu)励类目录。工信部(bu)目前正在编制(zhi)的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材料“十二(er)(er)五(wu)(wu)(wu)”发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)规(gui)(gui)划(hua),也涉及到高性(xing)能的(de)(de)有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)材料。这无疑为有(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)行业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)提供(gong)了良好(hao)的(de)(de)政策环(huan)境。
据悉,工(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)已完成(cheng)(cheng)《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)五”发(fa)展规(gui)划(hua)》文(wen)本(ben),并对(dui)(dui)该(gai)文(wen)本(ben)进行了初步(bu)介绍和(he)(he)解析。工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)信(xin)息化(hua)部(bu)原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)副司(si)长高云(yun)虎透露,“十二(er)五”期间中国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)预计(ji)总产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)(zhi)将达(da)2万亿元(yuan)(yuan),年(nian)(nian)均(jun)增长率超(chao)(chao)过(guo)25%;到2020年(nian)(nian),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将成(cheng)(cheng)为国(guo)(guo)(guo)民经(jing)济的(de)先导(dao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),主要产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)能(neng)(neng)满足国(guo)(guo)(guo)民经(jing)济和(he)(he)国(guo)(guo)(guo)防建设的(de)需(xu)要。    据工(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)原材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司(si)副司(si)长高云(yun)虎在(zai)本(ben)届新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际(ji)展览会上的(de)解析,工(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)已完成(cheng)(cheng)的(de)《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)五”发(fa)展规(gui)划(hua)》文(wen)本(ben)明确提出,到2015年(nian)(nian),建立起具(ju)(ju)有一(yi)定自主创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)、规(gui)模(mo)较(jiao)大(da)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配(pei)套齐全(quan)的(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体系(xi),突破一(yi)批(pi)国(guo)(guo)(guo)家建设急需(xu)、引领未来发(fa)展的(de)关键材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)和(he)(he)技(ji)术(shu),培(pei)(pei)育(yu)一(yi)批(pi)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)强(qiang)、具(ju)(ju)有核心竞争(zheng)力(li)的(de)骨(gu)干企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),形成(cheng)(cheng)一(yi)批(pi)布局合(he)(he)(he)理、特色鲜(xian)明、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集聚(ju)的(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地,新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)对(dui)(dui)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构调整和(he)(he)升级(ji)换(huan)代的(de)带动(dong)作(zuo)用(yong)进一(yi)步(bu)增强(qiang)。        2015年(nian)(nian)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)总产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)(zhi)达(da)2万亿元(yuan)(yuan),实(shi)现(xian)年(nian)(nian)均(jun)增长率超(chao)(chao)过(guo)25%,同时还要具(ju)(ju)有相当(dang)高的(de)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)。企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研(yan)发(fa)投入(ru)明显增加,重(zhong)点(dian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研(yan)发(fa)投入(ru)占(zhan)销(xiao)(xiao)售(shou)收(shou)入(ru)比达(da)到5%。国(guo)(guo)(guo)家将大(da)力(li)支持并建成(cheng)(cheng)一(yi)批(pi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程技(ji)术(shu)公(gong)共服(fu)务平台。 打造(zao)10个(ge)创新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)力(li)强(qiang)、具(ju)(ju)有核心竞争(zheng)力(li)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销(xiao)(xiao)售(shou)收(shou)入(ru)超(chao)(chao)过(guo)150亿元(yuan)(yuan)的(de)综合(he)(he)(he)龙(long)头(tou)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),培(pei)(pei)育(yu)20个(ge)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销(xiao)(xiao)售(shou)收(shou)入(ru)超(chao)(chao)过(guo)50亿元(yuan)(yuan)的(de)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)性骨(gu)干企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),建成(cheng)(cheng)若(ruo)干主业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)突出、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配(pei)套齐全(quan)、年(nian)(nian)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)(zhi)超(chao)(chao)过(guo)300亿元(yuan)(yuan)的(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集群。加大(da)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)综合(he)(he)(he)保障(zhang)能(neng)(neng)力(li)。新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)综合(he)(he)(he)保障(zhang)能(neng)(neng)力(li)提高到70%,关键新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)保障(zhang)能(neng)(neng)力(li)达(da)到50%,实(shi)现(xian)碳(tan)纤维、钛合(he)(he)(he)金、耐蚀钢、先进储能(neng)(neng)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、半导(dao)体材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、膜材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、丁基(ji)橡胶(jiao)、聚(ju)碳(tan)酸酯等(deng)关键品(pin)种产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)、规(gui)模(mo)化(hua)。推广(guang)(guang)30个(ge)重(zhong)点(dian)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)品(pin)种,实(shi)施若(ruo)干示范推广(guang)(guang)应用(yong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程。      ...
第(di)四(si)届(jie)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)(ji)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)峰会(hui)的(de)(de)(de)(de)行(xing)业官员和(he)(he)业内人士指(zhi)出,中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)已(yi)成(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)(wei)(wei)全球化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)领域最(zui)(zui)重要的(de)(de)(de)(de)市场,而(er)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)业将(jiang)在“十二(er)(er)五”期(qi)(qi)间(jian)(jian)迎来一个(ge)全新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)阶段(duan),为(wei)(wei)(wei)节能(neng)减排和(he)(he)科(ke)技(ji)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)提(ti)供支(zhi)持。中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)石油和(he)(he)化(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)工(gong)业联(lian)合(he)会(hui)会(hui)长李勇武指(zhi)出,中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)在化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)开发(fa)上涌现出非(fei)常多成(cheng)(cheng)果(guo)(guo)。中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)2010年(nian)石油化(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)工(gong)业总销售额达到8.88万亿,居(ju)世(shi)(shi)(shi)界第(di)二(er)(er),而(er)这(zhei)个(ge)数字到“十二(er)(er)五”末期(qi)(qi)将(jiang)达到16万亿。其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)可发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)空(kong)间(jian)(jian)最(zui)(zui)广,需求(qiu)最(zui)(zui)旺盛(sheng)。李勇武表示,“十二(er)(er)五”期(qi)(qi)间(jian)(jian)也是(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)开展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)大飞机、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)汽车、现代(dai)轨道交通等(deng)(deng)重大工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)项目及战(zhan)略性新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型产(chan)(chan)业快(kuai)速发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)时期(qi)(qi),对化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)都(dou)提(ti)出了很高的(de)(de)(de)(de)需求(qiu)和(he)(he)技(ji)术(shu)要求(qiu)。世(shi)(shi)(shi)界经济论(lun)坛全球化(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)工(gong)业总监安德鲁·海根(gen)指(zhi)出,21世(shi)(shi)(shi)纪(ji)是(shi)一个(ge)轻量化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)世(shi)(shi)(shi)纪(ji),也是(shi)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)方向。化(hua)(hua)工(gong)行(xing)业将(jiang)在整个(ge)环境(jing)和(he)(he)工(gong)业发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)过(guo)程(cheng)(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)起到非(fei)常关键的(de)(de)(de)(de)联(lian)系和(he)(he)作用(yong)。然而(er)李勇武也强调(diao),目前中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)行(xing)业还(hai)面临(lin)着企(qi)业规(gui)模小、集(ji)约创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力不(bu)(bu)强、科(ke)技(ji)成(cheng)(cheng)果(guo)(guo)应用(yong)与产(chan)(chan)业化(hua)(hua)能(neng)力不(bu)(bu)足(zu)、部分产(chan)(chan)品(pin)重复建设(she)严重等(deng)(deng)问(wen)题,需要警惕在低端产(chan)(chan)品(pin)上出现产(chan)(chan)能(neng)过(guo)剩等(deng)(deng)问(wen)题。为(wei)(wei)(wei)期(qi)(qi)两天的(de)(de)(de)(de)第(di)四(si)届(jie)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)(ji)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)峰会(hui)由中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)集(ji)团公司、成(cheng)(cheng)都(dou)市人民政府、德国(guo)(guo)化(hua)(hua)学(xue)(xue)工(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)与生物技(ji)术(shu)协会(hui)等(deng)(deng)联(lian)合(he)主办,吸引(yin)了来自(zi)政府、企(qi)业、行(xing)业协会(hui)、科(ke)研院所和(he)(he)投资领域的(de)(de)(de)(de)300余名代(dai)表出席。论(lun)坛将(jiang)集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)探讨推动新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)源(yuan)与改(gai)善环境(jing)、化(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)应用(yong)前景和(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)业升级(ji)转型等(deng)(deng)重要话题。
我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)(neng)将(jiang)出(chu)(chu)现阶段性过(guo)(guo)(guo)剩,一(yi)(yi)直(zhi)以来供不应(ying)求(qiu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)局面(mian)将(jiang)出(chu)(chu)现逆(ni)转(zhuan),缺(que)乏竞争(zheng)力的(de)(de)(de)(de)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)企(qi)业将(jiang)面(mian)临生(sheng)存(cun)困难;而有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)下(xia)(xia)游(you)高(gao)端产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)尚需进(jin)口(kou),市(shi)场缺(que)口(kou)较大,消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)化单(dan)体(ti)(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)出(chu)(chu)路在于开(kai)(kai)发下(xia)(xia)游(you)精细有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin),延伸产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业链,提(ti)高(gao)附加(jia)值(zhi)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)深加(jia)工(gong)(gong)将(jiang)是(shi)未来企(qi)业发展的(de)(de)(de)(de)必(bi)由之(zhi)路。 我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)走过(guo)(guo)(guo)了从基本依赖进(jin)口(kou),到自给率(lv)逐(zhu)步提(ti)高(gao),直(zhi)至产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)(neng)过(guo)(guo)(guo)剩的(de)(de)(de)(de)历程。上(shang)世纪末,我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)还只有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)一(yi)(yi)套万(wan)吨(dun)级有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)装(zhuang)置。随(sui)着技(ji)术瓶颈的(de)(de)(de)(de)突破和(he)反倾销的(de)(de)(de)(de)成功(gong),有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)(neng)出(chu)(chu)现了井喷式(shi)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)。2002年(nian)我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能(neng)(neng)仅为(wei)(wei)10万(wan)吨(dun),2009年(nian)已(yi)经达到100万(wan)吨(dun),预(yu)计2012年(nian)将(jiang)达到200万(wan)吨(dun)。目前我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)单(dan)体(ti)(ti)已(yi)经出(chu)(chu)现阶段性过(guo)(guo)(guo)剩。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)下(xia)(xia)游(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)发展前景十(shi)分广阔,目前发达国(guo)(guo)(guo)家人均消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)3千克(ke),而我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)仅为(wei)(wei)0.3千克(ke),国(guo)(guo)(guo)际上(shang)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)品(pin)种(zhong)(zhong)牌号有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)约1万(wan)种(zhong)(zhong)。据中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)硅(gui)材料信息(xi)研究中(zhong)心(xin)统计,2010年(nian)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)市(shi)场份额占全球的(de)(de)(de)(de)30.8%,超越美国(guo)(guo)(guo)和(he)欧洲成为(wei)(wei)世界最大的(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)。2010年(nian)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)约为(wei)(wei)47万(wan)吨(dun)(折硅(gui)氧烷),产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)量(liang)40万(wan)吨(dun)(含再生(sheng)3万(wan)吨(dun)),净进(jin)口(kou)约10万(wan)吨(dun),对外(wai)依存(cun)度超过(guo)(guo)(guo)20%。  有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)行业权(quan)威(wei)专家、有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)终(zhong)身成就奖获得者傅(fu)积(ji)赉说(shuo):“我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)许多高(gao)附加(jia)值(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)仍(reng)然(ran)依赖进(jin)口(kou)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)下(xia)(xia)游(you)市(shi)场存(cun)在的(de)(de)(de)(de)主(zhu)要问题是(shi)品(pin)种(zhong)(zhong)牌号偏(pian)少,高(gao)品(pin)质(zhi)和(he)功(gong)能(neng)(neng)性产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)开(kai)(kai)发不足。在相当多的(de)(de)(de)(de)高(gao)新技(ji)术应(ying)用(yong)领域,仍(reng)以采用(yong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)公司(si)提(ti)供的(de)(de)(de)(de)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)为(wei)(wei)主(zhu),本土企(qi)业很难插足,特(te)别(bie)是(shi)高(gao)利润的(de)(de)(de)(de)下(xia)(xia)游(you)深加(jia)工(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)依赖进(jin)口(kou)。 “十(shi)一(yi)(yi)五”期间,我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)保(bao)(bao)持了15%~20%的(de)(de)(de)(de)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang),远远高(gao)于全球4%~5%的(de)(de)(de)(de)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)速(su)度。预(yu)计“十(shi)二(er)五”期间,我(wo)(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)量(liang)还会保(bao)(bao)持15%左(zuo)右(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)。随(sui)着应(ying)用(yong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)普及,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)已(yi)经从特(te)种(zhong)(zhong)化学品(pin)向通用(yong)化学品(pin)转(zhuan)变(bian),企(qi)业应(ying)抓(zhua)住机(ji)(ji)(ji)遇,积(ji)极开(kai)(kai)发新产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)。 对于具体(ti)(ti)如何延伸产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业链开(kai)(kai)发下(xia)(xia)游(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin),专家给...
为了确(que)保“十(shi)一(yi)五”节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)目(mu)标(biao)的实现,银(yin)(yin)行(xing)(xing)近日出(chu)台(tai)多项信(xin)(xin)贷措施加(jia)强对(dui)节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)工(gong)作的支持(chi),防范“两高一(yi)剩”行(xing)(xing)业(ye)的信(xin)(xin)贷风险。银(yin)(yin)行(xing)(xing)近日制定(ding)颁布了《支持(chi)节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)信(xin)(xin)贷指引,称将加(jia)大(da)(da)节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)信(xin)(xin)贷支持(chi)力度,大(da)(da)力推行(xing)(xing)“绿(lv)色信(xin)(xin)贷”。银(yin)(yin)行(xing)(xing)倡(chang)导节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)不仅源于商业(ye)需求,也是(shi)为了贯彻国(guo)务(wu)院(yuan)5月上旬(xun)节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)工(gong)作会(hui)议对(dui)“十(shi)一(yi)五”节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)目(mu)标(biao)的要(yao)求。我国(guo)《“十(shi)一(yi)五”国(guo)民经济(ji)和社(she)会(hui)发(fa)展规划》中提出(chu),到2010年单位(wei)GDP能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)耗(hao)比2005年降低20%左右、主要(yao)污(wu)染(ran)物排(pai)(pai)(pai)放总量减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)少(shao)10%的约束(shu)性目(mu)标(biao)。但是(shi),“十(shi)一(yi)五”前四(si)年,全国(guo)单位(wei)国(guo)内生产总值(zhi)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)耗(hao)累计仅下降14.38%。而今年是(shi)“十(shi)一(yi)五”的最后一(yi)年,来自多方消(xiao)息称,完成这一(yi)目(mu)标(biao)难度颇大(da)(da)。为此,国(guo)务(wu)院(yuan)召开(kai)节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)工(gong)作会(hui)议,对(dui)加(jia)大(da)(da)淘汰落后产能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)力度、严控“高耗(hao)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)、高污(wu)染(ran)”行(xing)(xing)业(ye)过快增长、加(jia)快实施节(jie)(jie)能(neng)(neng)(neng)(neng)减(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)排(pai)(pai)(pai)重点工(gong)程(cheng)等提出(chu)明确(que)要(yao)求。
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