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ZSM-5 分(fen)子筛

发布AG真人厅官网 2017-06-06
点(dian)击次数 714

组成结构


ZSM-5 分子筛

ZSM-5 分子筛 拓(tuo)扑结 构 为 MFI 型,具有由十(shi)元环直孔(kong)道(dao) 和十(shi)元环正(zheng)弦孔(kong)道(dao)相交(jiao)而成的

两维孔(kong)道体系(xi),孔(kong)口呈椭圆形。

ZSM-5 分子筛


技术规(gui)格

ZSM-5 分子筛


特征与应用

ZSM-5 分子筛独特(te)的孔道结(jie)构和酸性(xing)质(zhi)赋予(yu)了(le)其优(you)异的择形催化性(xing)能,被广泛(fan)应用于石油化工、煤化工和精细化工(gong)领域。

ZSM-5 分(fen)(fen)子筛在催(cui)化裂化、柴油(you)降凝、催(cui)化脱蜡、择(ze)形催(cui)化、芳构(gou)化、甲苯歧(qi)化、二甲苯异构(gou)化、甲醇(chun)制烯烃(ting)、甲醇(chun)制汽油(you)、甲醇(chun)制二甲醚(mi)、C3-C4 馏分(fen)(fen)叠合制汽油(you)等过程中均得(de)到了(le)广泛的应用。


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据交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)商(shang)和(he)(he)分(fen)析(xi)师(shi)预(yu)计,荷(he)兰皇家(jia)(jia)壳(qiao)牌(pai)收购(gou)(gou)英国天然气(qi)集(ji)团(tuan)(BG)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)很可能(neng)(neng)(neng)是大(da)(da)(da)型能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)兼并(bing)收购(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)大(da)(da)(da)潮(chao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)开(kai)端,大(da)(da)(da)型油(you)(you)(you)企(qi)(qi)通(tong)常都会在(zai)(zai)(zai)油(you)(you)(you)价低(di)迷时期(qi)以这(zhei)种(zhong)方式来降低(di)生产(chan)和(he)(he)勘探(tan)成(cheng)本(ben)。历(li)史(shi)告诉我们,判断(duan)油(you)(you)(you)价是否(fou)触(chu)底(di)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)窍门(men)之(zhi)一是业(ye)内是否(fou)发(fa)(fa)生多宗高额(e)(e)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)重组交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)。荷(he)兰皇家(jia)(jia)壳(qiao)牌(pai)高达700亿(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)收购(gou)(gou)交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)令部(bu)分(fen)投(tou)资(zi)(zi)者猜(cai)测,上(shang)世纪90年(nian)代(dai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)业(ye)大(da)(da)(da)洗牌(pai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)历(li)史(shi)将(jiang)重演(yan),当(dang)前油(you)(you)(you)价距离(li)底(di)部(bu)已经不远。在(zai)(zai)(zai)上(shang)世纪90年(nian)代(dai)晚期(qi),能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)业(ye)多次发(fa)(fa)生大(da)(da)(da)规(gui)模并(bing)购(gou)(gou)重组交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)(yi)。英国石油(you)(you)(you)公(gong)司在(zai)(zai)(zai)1998年(nian)以560亿(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元收购(gou)(gou)了(le)美(mei)(mei)国石油(you)(you)(you)公(gong)司(Amoco),埃克(ke)(ke)森(sen)于同年(nian)12月(yue)出(chu)资(zi)(zi)800亿(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元并(bing)购(gou)(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)(fu)石油(you)(you)(you)。仅在(zai)(zai)(zai)数周(zhou)(zhou)之(zhi)后,布(bu)伦特油(you)(you)(you)价就触(chu)底(di)跌至每(mei)桶9.55美(mei)(mei)元。此(ci)后,油(you)(you)(you)价开(kai)始回升,能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)行业(ye)还相继出(chu)现(xian)几(ji)宗大(da)(da)(da)规(gui)模企(qi)(qi)业(ye)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)案(an)。和(he)(he)现(xian)在(zai)(zai)(zai)一样,当(dang)年(nian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)生产(chan)商(shang)也在(zai)(zai)(zai)为争(zheng)夺市(shi)场份额(e)(e)而(er)激烈(lie)搏杀,低(di)效高成(cheng)本(ben)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)油(you)(you)(you)被迫退出(chu)市(shi)场。国际油(you)(you)(you)价在(zai)(zai)(zai)14个(ge)月(yue)内暴跌50%。弱肉(rou)强食的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)局面如今再度出(chu)现(xian),美(mei)(mei)国钻机数量在(zai)(zai)(zai)短短四个(ge)月(yue)内几(ji)乎减(jian)少了(le)一半。荷(he)兰皇家(jia)(jia)壳(qiao)牌(pai)周(zhou)(zhou)三宣布(bu)以470亿(yi)(yi)英镑现(xian)金加(jia)股票(约和(he)(he)700亿(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元)收购(gou)(gou)英国天然气(qi)集(ji)团(tuan),成(cheng)为历(li)史(shi)上(shang)仅次于埃克(ke)(ke)森(sen)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)美(mei)(mei)孚(fu)(fu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)行业(ye)并(bing)购(gou)(gou)案(an)。通(tong)过这(zhei)宗交(jiao)易(yi)(yi)(yi),壳(qiao)牌(pai)能(neng)(neng)(neng)够使(shi)公(gong)司石油(you)(you)(you)和(he)(he)天然气(qi)储(chu)备量增(zeng)加(jia)28%,从(cong)而(er)节省通(tong)过勘探(tan)来提升储(chu)备的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)资(zi)(zi)金。在(zai)(zai)(zai)此(ci)之(zhi)前,全球(qiu)油(you)(you)(you)田服务巨(ju)头哈里伯顿(Halliburton)以350亿(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元收购(gou)(gou)了(le)竞争(zheng)对手贝克(ke)(ke)休(xiu)斯(Baker Hughes)。西班牙能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)公(gong)司雷普索尔(Repsol of Spain)去(qu)年(nian)耗(hao)资(zi)(zi)83亿(yi)(yi)美(mei)(mei)元收购(gou)(gou)了(le)加(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)加(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)塔里斯曼能(neng)(neng)(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(Talisman Energy of Canada)。当(dang)然,并(bing)非所(suo)有人都会认(ren)为油(you)(you)(you)价已徘(pai)徊在(zai)(zai)(zai)底(di)部(bu)。上(shang)世纪80年(nian)代(dai),杜邦(DuPont)买下了(le)康菲石油(you)(you)(you)(Conoco),随后就发(fa)(fa)生了(le)1986年(nian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)油(you)(you)(you)价大(da)(da)(da)崩盘。
新兴需求(qiu)烯烃装(zhuang)置年底集中(zhong)(zhong)投产令甲(jia)(jia)醇期货(huo)一度燃(ran)起上涨的希望(wang),怎奈生不(bu)逢时,处在(zai)国(guo)际原(yuan)油(you)(you)断崖(ya)式(shi)下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)的背景(jing)下(xia)(xia)(xia),负面因(yin)素(su)骤起不(bu)但淹没了此前(qian)(qian)的看涨呼声,而(er)(er)且冲击(ji)了市场的做多(duo)信心。自月(yue)底以来(lai),甲(jia)(jia)醇期货(huo)转(zhuan)入快速下(xia)(xia)(xia)探模式(shi)。截至(zhi)昨日(ri)收盘,1505合约(yue)累(lei)计跌(die)幅(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)已达18.54%,而(er)(er)1506合约(yue)跌(die)幅(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)也有17.31%。尽(jin)管短期甲(jia)(jia)醇不(bu)断积聚(ju)超跌(die)反弹动(dong)力,但由(you)于缺乏利多(duo)支撑(cheng),预计跌(die)势(shi)尚未完结。  原(yuan)油(you)(you)失去最后(hou)一根救命稻草  随着欧(ou)佩克组织(zhi)在(zai)月(yue)底宣布维持(chi)现(xian)有产能不(bu)变后(hou),国(guo)际油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)失去了最后(hou)一根救命稻草,油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)企(qi)稳(wen)无望(wang)转(zhuan)而(er)(er)再度暴跌(die)。而(er)(er)国(guo)际能源署(EIA)非但不(bu)“保驾(jia)勤王”,反而(er)(er)“落井(jing)下(xia)(xia)(xia)石(shi)”,导(dao)致油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)加(jia)速下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)。  IEA在(zai)上周五公布的月(yue)度石(shi)油(you)(you)市场报告中(zhong)(zhong)指出,原(yuan)油(you)(you)可能面临进一步下(xia)(xia)(xia)行压(ya)力。其中(zhong)(zhong),非欧(ou)佩克产油(you)(you)国(guo)的石(shi)油(you)(you)供(gong)应增长(zhang)会(hui)使全(quan)球油(you)(you)市供(gong)大(da)于求(qiu)矛(mao)盾加(jia)剧,预计供(gong)应过剩(sheng)量约(yue)为(wei)(wei)120万桶(tong)(tong)/天(tian)。而(er)(er)且,IEA还将(jiang)2015年全(quan)球石(shi)油(you)(you)日(ri)需求(qiu)增量预期下(xia)(xia)(xia)调23万桶(tong)(tong),至(zhi)90万桶(tong)(tong)。这为(wei)(wei)近五个月(yue)来(lai)EIA第四次下(xia)(xia)(xia)调2015年需求(qiu)。  毋庸置疑,目(mu)前(qian)(qian)原(yuan)油(you)(you)供(gong)需失衡趋于恶(e)化已经成(cheng)为(wei)(wei)引领(ling)油(you)(you)价(jia)(jia)大(da)幅(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)下(xia)(xia)(xia)挫(cuo)(cuo)的根本(ben)因(yin)素(su)。而(er)(er)作为(wei)(wei)能源龙头,原(yuan)油(you)(you)重挫(cuo)(cuo)间接对天(tian)然(ran)气价(jia)(jia)格产生巨(ju)大(da)压(ya)力,天(tian)然(ran)气价(jia)(jia)格跟跌(die)现(xian)象明显。海外甲(jia)(jia)醇由(you)于主(zhu)要(yao)以天(tian)然(ran)气为(wei)(wei)原(yuan)料,报价(jia)(jia)在(zai)近十日(ri)也呈(cheng)现(xian)快速下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)状态。其中(zhong)(zhong),甲(jia)(jia)醇FOB美国(guo)海湾报价(jia)(jia)跌(die)幅(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)达9.45%,而(er)(er)CFR中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)主(zhu)港则下(xia)(xia)(xia)挫(cuo)(cuo)9.97%。目(mu)前(qian)(qian)来(lai)看,在(zai)原(yuan)油(you)(you)加(jia)速下(xia)(xia)(xia)跌(die)的背景(jing)下(xia)(xia)(xia),甲(jia)(jia)醇价(jia)(jia)格企(qi)稳(wen)缺乏支撑(cheng)。
甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)(Methanol to Olefins,MTO)和(he)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)丙烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(Methanol to Propylene)是(shi)(shi)两个重(zhong)要的(de)(de)C1化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)新(xin)工(gong)艺(yi)(yi), 是(shi)(shi)指以煤或天(tian)然(ran)(ran)气(qi)合(he)成(cheng)的(de)(de)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)为原料(liao),借助(zhu)类(lei)(lei)似(si)催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)裂化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)装(zhuang)置的(de)(de)流化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)床反应(ying)(ying)(ying)形式,生(sheng)产(chan)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)技术。  上世(shi)纪七十(shi)年代美(mei)国Mobil公(gong)(gong)司(si)在(zai)研(yan)究甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)使(shi)用ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)转化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为其(qi)它(ta)含氧化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)合(he)物时,发现了(le)甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)汽油(Methanol to Gasoline,MTG)反应(ying)(ying)(ying)。1979年,新(xin)西兰政府利用天(tian)然(ran)(ran)气(qi)建(jian)成(cheng)了(le)全球首套(tao)MTG装(zhuang)置,其(qi)能力(li)为75万吨/年,1985年投入(ru)运行,后因经济(ji)原因停产(chan)。  从MTG反应(ying)(ying)(ying)机理(li)(li)分(fen)析,低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)是(shi)(shi)MTG反应(ying)(ying)(ying)的(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)间产(chan)物,因而MTG工(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)开(kai)(kai)发成(cheng)功促进了(le)MTO工(gong)艺(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)开(kai)(kai)发。国际上的(de)(de)一(yi)些知名石化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)公(gong)(gong)司(si),如Mobil、BASF、UOP、Norsk Hydro等(deng)公(gong)(gong)司(si)都投入(ru)巨(ju)资进行技术开(kai)(kai)发。  Mobil公(gong)(gong)司(si)以该公(gong)(gong)司(si)开(kai)(kai)发的(de)(de)ZSM-5催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)为基础,最早研(yan)究甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)转化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为乙(yi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)和(he)其(qi)它(ta)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)工(gong)作(zuo),然(ran)(ran)而,取得突破性进展的(de)(de)是(shi)(shi)UOP和(he)Norsk Hydro两公(gong)(gong)司(si)合(he)作(zuo)开(kai)(kai)发的(de)(de)以UOP MTO-100为催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)UOP/Hydro的(de)(de)MTO工(gong)艺(yi)(yi)。  国内科(ke)(ke)研(yan)机构(gou),如中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)科(ke)(ke)院(yuan)大连(lian)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)物所、石油大学(xue)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国石化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)石油化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)科(ke)(ke)学(xue)研(yan)究院(yuan)等(deng)亦开(kai)(kai)展了(le)类(lei)(lei)似(si)工(gong)作(zuo)。其(qi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大连(lian)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)物所开(kai)(kai)发的(de)(de)合(he)成(cheng)气(qi)经二(er)甲(jia)(jia)醚(mi)制(zhi)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)工(gong)艺(yi)(yi)路线(xian)(SDTO)具(ju)独创性,与传统合(he)成(cheng)气(qi)经甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)制(zhi)低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)的(de)(de)MTO相比较,CO转化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)率高,达90%以上,建(jian)设投资和(he)操作(zuo)费用节省(sheng)50%~80%。当(dang)采用D0123催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)时产(chan)品以乙(yi)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)为主,当(dang)使(shi)用D0300催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)剂(ji)(ji)(ji)是(shi)(shi)产(chan)品以丙烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)为主。一(yi)、催(cui)(cui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)反应(ying)(ying)(ying)机理(li)(li)  MTO及MTG的(de)(de)反应(ying)(ying)(ying)历(li)程主反应(ying)(ying)(ying)为:  2CH3OH→C2H4+2H2O  3CH3OH→C3H6+3H2O  甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)首先(xian)脱水(shui)为二(er)甲(jia)(jia)醚(mi)(DME),形成(cheng)的(de)(de)平(ping)衡混(hun)合(he)物包括甲(jia)(jia)醇(chun)(chun)、二(er)甲(jia)(jia)醚(mi)和(he)水(shui),然(ran)(ran)后转化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)为低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting),低碳(tan)(tan)烯(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)(xi)烃(ting)通过(guo)氢(qing)转移(yi)、烷基化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)和(he)缩聚反应(ying)(ying)(ying)生(sheng)成(cheng)烷...
近期(qi),有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十(shi)(shi)二五”发展(zhan)(zhan)规(gui)(gui)划宣贯(guan)大(da)(da)会在(zai)(zai)北京召开。中国(guo)石油(you)和化(hua)(hua)学工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联合会会长李(li)勇武表示(shi),“十(shi)(shi)二五”期(qi)间(jian)(jian),有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要加(jia)快转(zhuan)变发展(zhan)(zhan)方式,大(da)(da)力(li)推进结构(gou)(gou)(gou)调(diao)整、技(ji)(ji)术(shu)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)和节能(neng)(neng)(neng)减排,逐步建立起绿色、低碳的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)现(xian)代(dai)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体系,不断(duan)提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)核心(xin)竞(jing)争(zheng)力(li)。     李(li)勇武指出,“十(shi)(shi)二五”时期(qi)我(wo)国(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)既面(mian)(mian)临(lin)难得(de)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发展(zhan)(zhan)机(ji)(ji)遇,也面(mian)(mian)临(lin)着严(yan)峻的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)挑战(zhan)。一(yi)方面(mian)(mian),我(wo)国(guo)经济长期(qi)向好(hao)为有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)造了(le)巨(ju)大(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)市场空间(jian)(jian)。国(guo)家鼓励发展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)七大(da)(da)战(zhan)略性(xing)新(xin)(xin)(xin)兴产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),也对(dui)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)提(ti)供了(le)新(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)需求。另一(yi)方面(mian)(mian),制约有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)深层次矛盾依然突出。一(yi)是(shi)(shi)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构(gou)(gou)(gou)不合理(li)。我(wo)国(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)单(dan)体企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)数(shu)量多、规(gui)(gui)模小,产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集中度偏低;下游产(chan)品(pin)品(pin)种数(shu)量少,同质化(hua)(hua)严(yan)重,附加(jia)值(zhi)偏低,高(gao)(gao)(gao)档(dang)产(chan)品(pin)依赖进口。二是(shi)(shi)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)(neng)(neng)力(li)普遍(bian)较弱,在(zai)(zai)关键、共性(xing)技(ji)(ji)术(shu)上(shang)受(shou)制于人。三是(shi)(shi)安全环(huan)保形势仍然严(yan)峻,产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)可持(chi)续(xu)发展(zhan)(zhan)能(neng)(neng)(neng)力(li)受(shou)到(dao)制约。     李(li)勇武强调(diao),“十(shi)(shi)二五”时期(qi),有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)要把(ba)战(zhan)略重心(xin)放(fang)在(zai)(zai)调(diao)结构(gou)(gou)(gou)、转(zhuan)方式上(shang)来,提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)准入(ru)(ru)门槛(jian)和产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集中度,鼓励发展(zhan)(zhan)先进技(ji)(ji)术(shu)和产(chan)品(pin),淘汰落后的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)技(ji)(ji)术(shu)和产(chan)品(pin),加(jia)快转(zhuan)型升级,走低投入(ru)(ru)、低消耗(hao)、低排放(fang)、高(gao)(gao)(gao)效益的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)型工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)道路。     工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和信息化(hua)(hua)部原材料司副司长宋显珠在(zai)(zai)会上(shang)表示(shi),国(guo)家发改委(wei)公布(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结构(gou)(gou)(gou)调(diao)整指导目录(lu)(2011年本)》,将苯基氯(lv)硅(gui)(gui)烷、乙烯基氯(lv)硅(gui)(gui)烷等(deng)新(xin)(xin)(xin)型有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)单(dan)体,特种硅(gui)(gui)油(you),高(gao)(gao)(gao)性(xing)能(neng)(neng)(neng)硅(gui)(gui)橡胶和硅(gui)(gui)树脂(zhi),高(gao)(gao)(gao)效偶联剂等(deng)列入(ru)(ru)了(le)鼓励类目录(lu)。工(gong)信部目前正在(zai)(zai)编制的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)材料“十(shi)(shi)二五”发展(zhan)(zhan)规(gui)(gui)划,也涉及到(dao)高(gao)(gao)(gao)性(xing)能(neng)(neng)(neng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)材料。这(zhei)无疑(yi)为有(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发展(zhan)(zhan)提(ti)供了(le)良好(hao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)政策环(huan)境(jing)。
据悉,工(gong)信部已完成《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)(er)(er)五”发展(zhan)(zhan)规划》文(wen)本(ben)(ben),并对(dui)该文(wen)本(ben)(ben)进(jin)行了初步介绍和解(jie)析。工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)和信息化(hua)部原(yuan)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司副司长高云虎透(tou)露,“十二(er)(er)(er)五”期间中国(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)预计总产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)将(jiang)达(da)2万亿(yi)元,年(nian)均增(zeng)长率超(chao)过(guo)(guo)25%;到(dao)2020年(nian),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)成为(wei)国(guo)(guo)民(min)经(jing)济的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)先导产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),主要(yao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)能(neng)满足国(guo)(guo)民(min)经(jing)济和国(guo)(guo)防(fang)建设的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)需(xu)(xu)要(yao)。    据工(gong)信部原(yuan)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)司副司长高云虎在(zai)本(ben)(ben)届新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)展(zhan)(zhan)览会上的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)解(jie)析,工(gong)信部已完成的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“十二(er)(er)(er)五”发展(zhan)(zhan)规划》文(wen)本(ben)(ben)明确提出,到(dao)2015年(nian),建立(li)起具(ju)(ju)(ju)有(you)(you)一(yi)(yi)(yi)定自主创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力(li)(li)、规模(mo)较大(da)、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配套(tao)(tao)齐(qi)全(quan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)体(ti)系(xi),突(tu)破一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)建设急(ji)需(xu)(xu)、引(yin)领未(wei)来(lai)发展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)关(guan)键材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)和技术(shu),培(pei)育一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力(li)(li)强、具(ju)(ju)(ju)有(you)(you)核心竞争(zheng)力(li)(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)骨干企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),形成一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)布(bu)局合理、特(te)色鲜明、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集聚的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地(di),新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)对(dui)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)结(jie)构(gou)调整和升级(ji)换代的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)带动作用进(jin)一(yi)(yi)(yi)步增(zeng)强。        2015年(nian)我国(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)总产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)达(da)2万亿(yi)元,实(shi)现年(nian)均增(zeng)长率超(chao)过(guo)(guo)25%,同时还(hai)要(yao)具(ju)(ju)(ju)有(you)(you)相当高的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力(li)(li)。企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发投(tou)(tou)入(ru)(ru)明显增(zeng)加,重点新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)研发投(tou)(tou)入(ru)(ru)占销售收(shou)入(ru)(ru)比达(da)到(dao)5%。国(guo)(guo)家(jia)将(jiang)大(da)力(li)(li)支持并建成一(yi)(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)工(gong)程技术(shu)公共服务(wu)平台。 打造10个(ge)创(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)能(neng)力(li)(li)强、具(ju)(ju)(ju)有(you)(you)核心竞争(zheng)力(li)(li)、新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销售收(shou)入(ru)(ru)超(chao)过(guo)(guo)150亿(yi)元的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)综(zong)合龙头企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),培(pei)育20个(ge)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)销售收(shou)入(ru)(ru)超(chao)过(guo)(guo)50亿(yi)元的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)专业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)性骨干企(qi)(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),建成若干主业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)突(tu)出、产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)配套(tao)(tao)齐(qi)全(quan)、年(nian)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)值(zhi)超(chao)过(guo)(guo)300亿(yi)元的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)地(di)和产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集群。加大(da)我国(guo)(guo)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)综(zong)合保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)能(neng)力(li)(li)。新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)综(zong)合保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)能(neng)力(li)(li)提高到(dao)70%,关(guan)键新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)能(neng)力(li)(li)达(da)到(dao)50%,实(shi)现碳纤维、钛合金(jin)、耐(nai)蚀钢、先进(jin)储能(neng)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、半导体(ti)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、膜材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)、丁基(ji)橡胶、聚碳酸酯(zhi)等关(guan)键品(pin)种(zhong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)、规模(mo)化(hua)。推广30个(ge)重点新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)材(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)(liao)品(pin)种(zhong),实(shi)施(shi)若干示范(fan)推广应用工(gong)程。      ...
第四(si)届(jie)国(guo)际化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)峰会(hui)的(de)(de)行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)官(guan)员和(he)(he)(he)(he)业(ye)(ye)(ye)内人士指出(chu)(chu)(chu),中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)已(yi)成为全(quan)(quan)球化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)领域最重要的(de)(de)市场,而(er)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)(jiang)在“十二(er)(er)五(wu)”期间迎来一个(ge)(ge)全(quan)(quan)新(xin)的(de)(de)发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)阶段,为节能减(jian)排和(he)(he)(he)(he)科技创(chuang)新(xin)提供支持。中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)石油(you)和(he)(he)(he)(he)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)联合会(hui)会(hui)长李(li)勇(yong)武指出(chu)(chu)(chu),中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)在化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)开(kai)发上涌现出(chu)(chu)(chu)非常多成果(guo)。中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)2010年石油(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)总(zong)销售额达(da)(da)到(dao)(dao)(dao)8.88万亿(yi),居(ju)世界第二(er)(er),而(er)这个(ge)(ge)数字到(dao)(dao)(dao)“十二(er)(er)五(wu)”末期将(jiang)(jiang)达(da)(da)到(dao)(dao)(dao)16万亿(yi)。其中(zhong)(zhong)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)可(ke)发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)空间最广,需求最旺盛。李(li)勇(yong)武表示,“十二(er)(er)五(wu)”期间也是(shi)(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)大飞机、新(xin)能源汽车、现代轨道交通等重大工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程项目(mu)及战(zhan)略(lve)性(xing)新(xin)型产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)快速发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)时期,对化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)都(dou)提出(chu)(chu)(chu)了很高的(de)(de)需求和(he)(he)(he)(he)技术(shu)要求。世界经济论(lun)坛全(quan)(quan)球化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)总(zong)监安德鲁·海根指出(chu)(chu)(chu),21世纪(ji)(ji)是(shi)(shi)一个(ge)(ge)轻量化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)世纪(ji)(ji),也是(shi)(shi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)方向。化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)将(jiang)(jiang)在整个(ge)(ge)环(huan)(huan)境(jing)和(he)(he)(he)(he)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)发展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)过程中(zhong)(zhong)起到(dao)(dao)(dao)非常关键(jian)的(de)(de)联系(xi)和(he)(he)(he)(he)作用(yong)。然而(er)李(li)勇(yong)武也强调,目(mu)前中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)还面临着企业(ye)(ye)(ye)规模小、集约创(chuang)新(xin)能力(li)不(bu)(bu)强、科技成果(guo)应(ying)用(yong)与(yu)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)能力(li)不(bu)(bu)足、部分(fen)产(chan)(chan)品重复(fu)建设(she)严(yan)重等问题,需要警(jing)惕(ti)在低端产(chan)(chan)品上出(chu)(chu)(chu)现产(chan)(chan)能过剩等问题。为期两天的(de)(de)第四(si)届(jie)国(guo)际化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)峰会(hui)由中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)集团公司(si)、成都(dou)市人民政(zheng)府、德国(guo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)学工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程与(yu)生物技术(shu)协(xie)会(hui)等联合主(zhu)办(ban),吸(xi)引了来自政(zheng)府、企业(ye)(ye)(ye)、行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)协(xie)会(hui)、科研院所和(he)(he)(he)(he)投资领域的(de)(de)300余名代表出(chu)(chu)(chu)席(xi)。论(lun)坛将(jiang)(jiang)集中(zhong)(zhong)探讨推动新(xin)能源与(yu)改善环(huan)(huan)境(jing)、化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)新(xin)材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)应(ying)用(yong)前景和(he)(he)(he)(he)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)升级转型等重要话题。
我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能将(jiang)(jiang)出现(xian)阶段性(xing)(xing)过(guo)剩(sheng),一(yi)直以(yi)来供不应求(qiu)的(de)局面将(jiang)(jiang)出现(xian)逆转,缺(que)乏竞争力的(de)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)企业(ye)将(jiang)(jiang)面临生(sheng)(sheng)存困难;而(er)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)(xia)(xia)游(you)(you)高(gao)(gao)(gao)端产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)尚需进(jin)口(kou),市(shi)场缺(que)口(kou)较(jiao)大,消(xiao)(xiao)化(hua)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)的(de)出路在于(yu)开发(fa)(fa)下(xia)(xia)(xia)游(you)(you)精细有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin),延(yan)伸(shen)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)链,提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)附(fu)加值。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)深(shen)加工(gong)将(jiang)(jiang)是(shi)未来企业(ye)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)必由之(zhi)路。 我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)走过(guo)了(le)(le)从基本(ben)依(yi)(yi)赖(lai)(lai)进(jin)口(kou),到(dao)自给率逐步提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao),直至产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能过(guo)剩(sheng)的(de)历程。上世纪末,我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)还只(zhi)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)一(yi)套(tao)万吨(dun)级有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)装(zhuang)置(zhi)。随着技术瓶颈(jing)的(de)突破和反倾销(xiao)的(de)成(cheng)(cheng)功(gong),有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能出现(xian)了(le)(le)井喷(pen)式增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)。2002年(nian)我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能仅为10万吨(dun),2009年(nian)已经(jing)达(da)(da)到(dao)100万吨(dun),预计2012年(nian)将(jiang)(jiang)达(da)(da)到(dao)200万吨(dun)。目前我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)单(dan)(dan)体(ti)已经(jing)出现(xian)阶段性(xing)(xing)过(guo)剩(sheng)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)(xia)(xia)游(you)(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)前景(jing)十分(fen)广阔,目前发(fa)(fa)达(da)(da)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)人(ren)均消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)(fei)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)3千克,而(er)我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)仅为0.3千克,国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)际上有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)种(zhong)牌号有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)约1万种(zhong)。据中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)材料(liao)信息研究(jiu)中(zhong)心统计,2010年(nian)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)市(shi)场份(fen)额(e)占全球(qiu)的(de)30.8%,超(chao)越美国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)和欧洲成(cheng)(cheng)为世界最大的(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)(fei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)。2010年(nian)中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)(fei)量(liang)约为47万吨(dun)(折(zhe)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)氧(yang)烷),产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)量(liang)40万吨(dun)(含再生(sheng)(sheng)3万吨(dun)),净进(jin)口(kou)约10万吨(dun),对(dui)外依(yi)(yi)存度超(chao)过(guo)20%。  有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)行业(ye)权威专(zhuan)家(jia)、有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)终(zhong)身成(cheng)(cheng)就奖获得者(zhe)傅积赉说:“我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)许(xu)多(duo)高(gao)(gao)(gao)附(fu)加值的(de)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)仍然依(yi)(yi)赖(lai)(lai)进(jin)口(kou)。有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)下(xia)(xia)(xia)游(you)(you)市(shi)场存在的(de)主(zhu)要问题是(shi)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)种(zhong)牌号偏少,高(gao)(gao)(gao)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)质和功(gong)能性(xing)(xing)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)开发(fa)(fa)不足。在相当多(duo)的(de)高(gao)(gao)(gao)新(xin)技术应用(yong)领域,仍以(yi)采(cai)用(yong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)外公司提(ti)供的(de)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)为主(zhu),本(ben)土企业(ye)很难插足,特(te)别(bie)是(shi)高(gao)(gao)(gao)利润(run)的(de)下(xia)(xia)(xia)游(you)(you)深(shen)加工(gong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)依(yi)(yi)赖(lai)(lai)进(jin)口(kou)。 “十一(yi)五(wu)”期(qi)间,我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)(fei)量(liang)保持(chi)了(le)(le)15%~20%的(de)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang),远(yuan)远(yuan)高(gao)(gao)(gao)于(yu)全球(qiu)4%~5%的(de)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)速度。预计“十二(er)五(wu)”期(qi)间,我(wo)(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)消(xiao)(xiao)费(fei)(fei)量(liang)还会(hui)保持(chi)15%左右的(de)增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)。随着应用(yong)的(de)普及,有(you)(you)(you)(you)(you)机(ji)(ji)(ji)硅(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)已经(jing)从特(te)种(zhong)化(hua)学(xue)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)向(xiang)通用(yong)化(hua)学(xue)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)转变,企业(ye)应抓(zhua)住机(ji)(ji)(ji)遇,积极开发(fa)(fa)新(xin)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin)。 对(dui)于(yu)具(ju)体(ti)如何(he)延(yan)伸(shen)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)链开发(fa)(fa)下(xia)(xia)(xia)游(you)(you)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)(pin),专(zhuan)家(jia)给...
为(wei)了(le)确保(bao)“十(shi)一(yi)(yi)五(wu)(wu)”节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排目标(biao)的(de)(de)实(shi)(shi)现,银(yin)行(xing)(xing)近(jin)日出(chu)(chu)台多(duo)项信(xin)贷措施(shi)加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)对节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排工(gong)(gong)作的(de)(de)支(zhi)持(chi),防范“两高(gao)(gao)一(yi)(yi)剩”行(xing)(xing)业(ye)的(de)(de)信(xin)贷风(feng)险(xian)。银(yin)行(xing)(xing)近(jin)日制(zhi)定颁布了(le)《支(zhi)持(chi)节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排信(xin)贷指引,称将加(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排信(xin)贷支(zhi)持(chi)力度,大(da)(da)力推(tui)行(xing)(xing)“绿色(se)信(xin)贷”。银(yin)行(xing)(xing)倡导节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排不仅源于商业(ye)需求(qiu),也是为(wei)了(le)贯彻国(guo)(guo)务院5月上旬节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排工(gong)(gong)作会(hui)(hui)议对“十(shi)一(yi)(yi)五(wu)(wu)”节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排目标(biao)的(de)(de)要(yao)求(qiu)。我国(guo)(guo)《“十(shi)一(yi)(yi)五(wu)(wu)”国(guo)(guo)民经济和社会(hui)(hui)发展(zhan)规(gui)划》中提出(chu)(chu),到(dao)2010年(nian)单(dan)位GDP能耗(hao)比2005年(nian)降低(di)20%左(zuo)右、主(zhu)要(yao)污染(ran)物排放总量减(jian)(jian)少10%的(de)(de)约束性目标(biao)。但是,“十(shi)一(yi)(yi)五(wu)(wu)”前(qian)四(si)年(nian),全国(guo)(guo)单(dan)位国(guo)(guo)内生产(chan)总值能耗(hao)累计仅下(xia)降14.38%。而今年(nian)是“十(shi)一(yi)(yi)五(wu)(wu)”的(de)(de)最后(hou)(hou)一(yi)(yi)年(nian),来(lai)自(zi)多(duo)方消息称,完成这一(yi)(yi)目标(biao)难度颇大(da)(da)。为(wei)此(ci),国(guo)(guo)务院召开节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排工(gong)(gong)作会(hui)(hui)议,对加(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)淘汰落后(hou)(hou)产(chan)能力度、严控“高(gao)(gao)耗(hao)能、高(gao)(gao)污染(ran)”行(xing)(xing)业(ye)过快(kuai)增长、加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)实(shi)(shi)施(shi)节(jie)(jie)能减(jian)(jian)排重点工(gong)(gong)程等提出(chu)(chu)明确要(yao)求(qiu)。
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